Lee Patrick (actress)

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Lee Patrick
LeePatrick.JPG
Lee Patrick in The Maltese Falcon (1941)
Born (1901-11-22)November 22, 1901
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died November 21, 1982(1982-11-21) (aged 80)[1]
Laguna Beach, California, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1929–1975
Spouse(s) Thomas Wood (1937–1982) (her death)
Children None.

Lee Patrick (November 22, 1901 – November 26, 1982) was an American actress whose career began in 1922 on the New York stage with her first acting role in The Bunch and Judy which headlined Adele Astaire and featured Adele's brother Fred Astaire.[2] Patrick continued to perform in dozens of roles on the stage for the next decade, frequently in musicals and comedies, but also in dramatic parts like her 1931 performance as Meg in Little Women. She began to branch out into films in 1929. For half a century she created a credible body of cinematic work, her most memorable being in 1941 as Sam Spade's assistant Effie in The Maltese Falcon, and her reprisal of the role in the George Segal 1975 comedy sequel The Black Bird. Her talents were showcased in comedies such as the 1942 Jack Benny film George Washington Slept Here and in 1958 as one of the foils of Rosalind Russell in Auntie Mame. Dramatic parts such as an asylum inmate in the 1948 The Snake Pit and as Pamela Tiffin's mother in the 1961 Summer and Smoke were another facet of her repertoire. She made numerous guest roles in American television, but became a staple for that medium during the two-year run of Topper. As Henrietta Topper, her comedic timing played well against Leo G. Carroll as her husband, and against that of the two ghosts played by Robert Sterling and Anne Jeffreys. Patrick lent her voice to various animated characters of The Alvin Show in the early 1960s.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in New York City, Patrick began acting on Broadway in 1924. For more than a decade, she was constantly employed and established herself as a popular actress. She appeared in the original 1929 production of June Moon by George S. Kaufman and Ring Lardner and reprised her role in the 1933 revival.

Popularity[edit]

Her success in Stage Door (1937) led her to Hollywood to reprise her role in the film version. Eventually the part was rewritten and split from a single character into two characters which were played by Katharine Hepburn and Ginger Rogers. Patrick had made her film debut in 1929, but since that time, had not appeared in a single film, and RKO was reluctant to cast an unknown actress for a film which they were beginning to realize had great potential. Her disappointments continued when she was considered and then rejected for the lead role in Stella Dallas (1937) in favor of Barbara Stanwyck.

Her difficulties in establishing a career as a leading actress were often attributed to a long-standing feud Patrick had with gossip columnist Louella Parsons. Patrick's husband, Tom Wood, a journalist and author of The Lighter Side of Billy Wilder, once wrote a magazine article which was very critical of Parsons.

Death[edit]

Patrick died suddenly from a heart seizure on the day before her 81st birthday, at Laguna Beach, California.[3]

Acting Credits[edit]

Stage[edit]

Stage work of Lee Patrick (26 plays)
Opening date Closing date Title Role Theatre Notes Refs
Nov 28, 1922 Jan 20, 1923 The Bunch and Judy Ensemble Globe Theatre Adele Astaire headlined as Judy, Fred Astaire played dual roles in the play; Music by Jerome Kern; lyrics Anne Caldwell [4]
Sep 02, 1924 Oct 1924 The Green Beetle Elsie Chandos Klaw Theatre Written by John Willard [5]
Feb 03, 1925 Oct 1924 The Undercurrent Helen Mills Cort Theatre Written by William H. McMaster [6]
Apr 11, 1925 May 1925 The Backslapper Mrs. Kennedy Hudson Theatre Written by Paul Dickey and Mann Page [7]
May 28, 1925 Jun 1925 Bachelors' Brides Mary Bowing/Percy's Guardian Angel Cort Theatre Written by Charles Horace Malcolm [8]
Aug 10, 1925 Aug 1925 It All Depends Maida Spencer Vanderbilt Theatre Written by Kate McLauren [9]
Aug 25, 1925 Oct 1925 A Kiss in a Taxi Angele Ritz Theatre Claudette Colbert appeared as Ginette in her second play; Adaptation by Clifford Grey from the French play by Maurice Hennequin and Pierre Veber [10]
Sep 27, 1926 Oct 1926 The Shelf Caroline Wendham Morosco Theatre Written by Dorrance Davis [11]
Jun 09, 1927 Jun 1927 Baby Mine Zoie Hardy Chapin's 46th Street Theatre Humphrey Bogart appeared in the male lead as Alfred Hardy; written by Margaret Mayo [12]
Oct 12, 1927 Oct 1927 The Matrimonial Bed Juliette Corton Ambassador Theatre Adapted by Seymour Hicks from the French play by André Mouézy-Éon and Yves Mirande [13]
Nov 10, 1927 Jan 1928 Nightstick Joan Manning Selwyn Theatre Written by John Wray, J. C. Nugent, Elliott Nugent and Elaine Sterne Carrington [14]
Oct 15, 1928 Nov 1928 The Common Sin "Bobo" Aster Forrest Theatre Written by Willard Mack [15]
Oct 09, 1929 Jun 04, 1930 June Moon Eileen Broadhurst Theatre Based on the Ring Lardner short story "Some Like Them Cold"; the play was written by Lardner and George S. Kaufman [16]
Nov 05, 1930 Nov 1930 Room of Dreams Jacqueline Emontin Empire Theatre Written by Ernest Raoul Weiss [17]
Mar 03, 1931 Apr 1931 Privilege Car Mayme Taylor 48th Street Theatre Written by Edward J. Foran and Williard Keefe [18]
Aug 31, 1931 Sep 1931 Friendship Louise Dale Fulton Theatre George M. Cohan headlined as Joe Townsend, and his daughter Helen Cohan appeared as Jean; written and produced by Cohan [19]
Dec 07, 1931 Dec 1931 Little Women Meg Playhouse Theatre Jessie Royce Landis appeared as Jo; adapted from the Louisa May Alcott book by Marian de Forest [20]
Feb 12, 1932 May 1932 Blessed Event Gladys Price Longacre Theatre Written by Manuel Seff and Forrest Wilson [21]
Oct 24, 1932 Oct 1932 The Girl Outside The Girl Little Theatre Written by John King Hodges and Samuel Merwyn [22]
May 15, 1933 Jun 1933 June Moon Eileen Ambassador Theatre Reprise of the play written by Ring Lardner and George S. Kaufman [23]
Jun 12, 1933 Jun 1933 Shooting Star Flo Curtis Selwyn Theatre Written by Noel Pierce and Bernard C. Schoenfeld [24]
Dec 31, 1934 Jan 1935 Slightly Delirious Millicent Hargraves Little Theatre Written by Bernard J. McOwen and Robert F. Adkins [25]
May 28, 1935 Jun 1935 Knock on Wood Pat Moran Cort Theatre Written by Allen Rivkin [26]
Nov 21, 1935 Dec 1935 Abide With Me Julia Field Ritz Theatre Written by Clare Boothe Brokaw (Luce) [27]
Oct 22, 1936 Mar 1937 Stage Door Judith Canfield Music Box Theatre Written by George S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber [28]
Dec 27, 1938 Jan 1939 Michael Drops In Nan McNeil John Golden Theatre Written by William DuBois [29]

Film[edit]

She remained in Hollywood, and appeared in Border Cafe (1937). Over the next several years she played numerous supporting roles, without attracting much critical attention. Patrick appeared in The Maltese Falcon (1941) as Effie Perine, the loyal and quick-thinking secretary of Humphrey Bogart's Sam Spade.[30] Perine was one of Patrick's most enduring film characterizations. That same year, she appeared in a leading role as an intelligent, crime-solving nurse in The Nurse's Secret.[31]

Among her other films are The Sisters (1938), Now, Voyager (1942), Mrs. Parkington (1944), Gambler's Choice (1944), Mildred Pierce (1945), Wake Up and Dream (1946), Caged (1950), There's No Business Like Show Business (1954), Vertigo (1958), Auntie Mame (1958), Pillow Talk (1959), Summer and Smoke (1961), and 7 Faces of Dr. Lao (1964).[30]

Her final film role was a reprise of her Effie Perine character in a reworking of the Sam Spade story The Black Bird. Starring George Segal as Sam Spade, Jr., forced to continue his father's work, and to keep his increasingly sarcastic secretary, the film attempted to turn its revered predecessor into a comedy.[30]

Key to studio abbreviations
20th 20th Century-Fox CP Columbia Pictures FC Film Classics
MGM Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Par Paramount Path Pathé
RP Republic Pictures RKO RKO Radio UA United Artists
Uni Universal WB Warner Bros.


Feature film work of Lee Patrick (70 films)
Year Title Role Director Producer Distributor Other cast members Refs.
1929 Strange Cargo Diana Foster Benjamin Glazer, Arthur Gregor Benjamin Glazer Path George Barraud [30][32]
1935 The Casino Murder Case Nurse Edwin L. Marin Edwin L. Marin MGM Paul Lukas [33]
1937 Border Cafe Ellie Lew Landers RKO Harry Carey, Marjorie Lord [34]
You Can't Beat Love (scenes deleted) Christy Cabanne Robert Sisk RKO Preston Foster [30]
Music for Madame Nora Burns John G. Blystone Jesse L. Lasky RKO [[Nino Martini]k [30]
Danger Patrol Nancy Donovan Lew Landers Maury M. Cohen RKO Harry Carey [35]
1938 Crashing Hollywood Goldie Lew Landers Cliff Reid RKO Lee Tracy [36]
Night Spot Flo Bradley Christy Cabanne Robert Sisk RKO Allan Lane [37]
Maid's Night Out Kissing Milk Customer Ben Holmes Robert Sisk RKO Joan Fontaine, Allan Lane [30]
Condemned Women Anna 'Big Annie' Barry Lew Landers Robert Sisk RKO Louis Hayward [38]
Law of the Underworld Dorothy Palmer Lew Landers Robert Sisk RKO Chester Morris [39]
The Sisters Flora Gibbon Anatole Litvak Anatole Litvak WB Errol Flynn, Bette Davis [30]
1939 Fisherman's Wharf Stella Bernard Vorhaus Sol Lesser RKO Bobby Breen, Leo Carrillo [40]
Invisible Stripes Molly Lloyd Bacon Hal B. Wallis, Jack L. Warner WB George Raft, William Holden [41]
1940 Saturday's Children Florrie Sands Vincent Sherman Hal B. Wallis WB John Garfield, Anne Shirley, Claude Rains [42]
City for Conquest Gladys Anatole Litvak William Cagney WB James Cagney [43]
Ladies Must Live Mary Larrabee Noel M. Smith William Jacobs, Bryan Foy WB George Reeves, Roscoe Karns [44]
Money and the Woman Martha Church William K. Howard William Jacobs, Bryan Foy WB Jeffrey Lynn, Brenda Marshall, John Litel [45]
South of Suez Delia Snedeker Lewis Seiler Bryan Foy WB George Brent, George Tobias [46]
Father is a Prince Tess Haley Noel M. Smith William Jacobs, Bryan Foy WB Grant Mitchell, Nana Bryant [47]
1941 The Nurse's Secret Ruth Adams Noel M. Smith Bryan Foy WB Regis Toomey [31]
The Smiling Ghost Rose Fairchild Lewis Seiler Kenneth Gamet WB Alexis Smith [48]
The Maltese Falcon Effie Perine John Huston Hal B. Wallis WB Humphrey Bogart, Mary Astor, Gladys George, Peter Lorre, Sydney Greenstreet [30][49]
Honeymoon for Three Mrs. Pettijohn Lloyd Bacon Hal B. Wallis WB Ann Sheridan [50]
Footsteps in the Dark Blondie White Lloyd Bacon Hal B. Wallis WB Errol Flynn [51]
Million Dollar Baby Josie La Rue Curtis Bernhardt Hal B. Wallis WB Ronald Reagan [52]
Kisses for Breakfast Betty Trent Lewis Seiler Harlan Thompson WB Jane Wyatt [53]
Dangerously They Live Nurse Johnson Robert Florey Bryan Foy WB John Garfield [54]
1942 A Night to Remember Polly Franklin Richard Wallace Samuel Bischoff CP Loretta Young, Brian Aherne [55]
Now, Voyager 'Deb' McIntyre Irving Rapper Hal B. Wallis WB Bette Davis, Paul Henreid. Claude Rains, Gladys Cooper [30][56]
George Washington Slept Here Rina Leslie William Keighley Jerry Wald WB Jack Benny, Ann Sheridan [57]
In This Our Life Betty Wilmoth John Huston Hal B. Wallis WB Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland [58][30]
Somewhere I'll Find You Eve "Evie" Manning Wesley Ruggles Pandro S. Berman MGM Clark Gable, Lana Turner [30]
1943 Jitterbugs Dorcas Malcolm St. Clair Sol M. Wurtzel 20th Stan Laurel, Oliver Hardy [59]
Nobody's Darling Miss Pennington Anthony Mann Harry Grey RP Louis Calhern [60]
Larceny With Music Agatha Parkinson Edward C. Lilley Edward C. Lilley Uni Leo Carrillo, Kitty Carlisle, William Frawley [61]
1944 Faces in the Fog Cora Elliott John English Armand Schaefer RP Jane Withers [62]
Moon Over Las Vegas Mrs. Blake Jean Yarbrough Jean Yarbrough Uni Anne Gwynne, David Bruce [63]
Gambler's Choice Fay Lawrence Frank McDonald William H. Pine, William C. Thomas Par Chester Morris, Nancy Kelly [64]
Mrs. Parkington Madeleine Parkington Swann Tay Garnett Leon Gordon MGM Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon [30][65]
1945 Mildred Pierce Maggie Binderhof Michael Curtiz Jerry Wald WB Joan Crawford [30][66]
Keep Your Power Dry Gladys Hopkins Edward Buzzell George Haight MGM Lana Turner, Agnes Moorehead, Natalie Schafer [67]
See My Lawyer Sally Evans Edward F. Cline Edmund L. Hartmann Uni Ole Olsen [68]
Over 21 Mrs. Foley Charles Vidor Sidney Buchman CP Irene Dunne [69]
1946 The Walls Came Tumbling Down Susan Lothar Mendes Albert J. Cohen CP Edgar Buchanan [70]
Strange Journey Mrs. Lathrop James Tinling Sol M. Wurtzel 20th Paul Kelly [71]
Wake Up and Dream The Blonde Lloyd Bacon Walter Morosco 20th John Payne, June Haver [72]
1947 Mother Wore Tights Lil Walter Lang Lamar Trotti 20th Betty Grable [73]
1948 Big Sister Blues cast member Alvin Ganzer Harry Grey Par John Ridgely
Inner Sanctum Ruth Bennett Lew Landers Richard B. Morros, Samuel Rheiner, Walter Shenson FC Charles Russell [74]
The Snake Pit Asylum inmate Anatole Litvak Robert Bassler, Anatole Litvak, Darryl F. Zanuck 20th Olivia de Havilland [30]
Singin' Spurs Clarissa Bloomsbury Ray Nazarro Colbert Clark CP Hoosier Hot Shots, Jay Silverheels [75]
1949 The Doolins of Oklahoma Melissa Price Gordon Douglas Harry Joe Brown CP Randolph Scott [76]
1950 The Lawless Jan Dawson Joseph Losey William H. Pine, William C. Thomas Par Macdonald Carey [77]
Caged Elvira Powell John Cromwell Jerry Wald WB Eleanor Parker, Agnes Moorehead, Ellen Corby, Hope Emerson [30]
The Fuller Brush Girl Claire Simpson Lloyd Bacon S. Sylvan Simon CP Lucille Ball [78]
1951 Tomorrow Is Another Day Janet Higgins Felix E. Feist Henry Blanke WB Ruth Roman [79]
1953 Take Me to Town Rose Douglas Sirk Leonard Goldstein, Ross Hunter Uni Ann Sheridan [80]
1954 There's No Business Like Show Business Marge Walter Lang Sol C. Siegel 20th Ethel Merman, Donald O'Connor, Marilyn Monroe [81]
1958 Vertigo Car Owner Mistaken for Madeleine Alfred Hitchcock Alfred Hitchcock Par James Stewart, Kim Novak [30]
Auntie Mame Doris Upson Morton DaCosta Morton DaCosta WB Rosalind Russell [30][82]
1959 Pillow Talk Mrs Walters Michael Gordon Ross Hunter, Martin Melcher Uni Rock Hudson, Doris Day [30]
1960 Visit to a Small Planet Rheba Spelding Norman Taurog Norman Taurog Pat Jerry Lewis [83]
1961 Summer and Smoke Mrs Ewell Peter Glenville Paul Nathan, Hal B. Wallis Par Laurence Harvey, Geraldine Page [30]
Goodbye Again Mme Fleury Anatole Litvak Anatole Litvak UA Ingrid Bergman, Anthony Perkins [84]
1962 A Girl Named Tamiko Mary Hatten John Sturges Joseph H. Hazen, Hal B. Wallis Par Laurence Harvey, France Nuyen [85]
1963 7 Faces of Dr. Lao Mrs. Howard T. Cassan George Pal George Pal MGM Tony Randall [30][86]
Wives and Lovers Mrs. Swenson John Rich Edward Anhalt Par Janet Leigh [87]
1964 The New Interns Housekeeper John Rich Robert Cohn CP Michael Callan, Barbara Eden [87]
1975 The Black Bird Effie David Giler George Segal, Ray Stark, Lou Lombardo, Michael Levee CP George Segal, Stéphane Audran [30][88]

Television[edit]

Patrick appeared on television in the CBS situation comedy Topper (1953–1955) with Leo G. Carroll, Anne Jeffreys, and Robert Sterling.

She made several appearances as the mother of Ida Lupino in the CBS sitcom Mr. Adams and Eve (1957–1958), also starring Howard Duff.

In 1963, she appeared as Aunt Wilma Howard in the episode "Skeleton in the Closet" of Walter Brennan's CBS sitcom The Real McCoys.

In 1965, she appeared as Mrs. Ashton Durham in the episode "It's a Dog's World" of Hazel and as Cora Prichard in an episode entitled "Noblesse Oblige" during the show's final season.

She also turned in a hilarious voice performance as "Mrs. Frumpington" in an episode of the CBS animated series "The Alvin Show," which may also be heard on the soundtrack LP by David Seville and The Chipmunks.

Ms. Patrick also made three appearances in the TV series, "I Married Joan." (which, due to lack of copyright renewal, have been in the public domain). They are entitled "Artist Show," "Neighbors," and "Broken Toe," and can be found on YouTube.


Cast of Topper Standing-Anne Jeffreys, Robert Sterling. Seated-Leo G. Carroll, Buck (the dog who played Neil), Lee Patrick
Television episode and film work of Lee Patrick (38 credits)
Year Title Role Notes Refs.
1948 Public Prosecutor Mrs. Farrell The Case of the Comic Strip Murder [89]
1949 Your Show Time The Tenor [90]
1951 Racket Squad Virginia Langley The Case of the Vain Woman
1952 Mark Saber Mrs. Gaunt The Case of the Midnight Murder
Boss Lady Aggie Recurring role, all 12 episodes [91]
1953 The Backbone of America Ethel TV film [92]
I Married Joan Miss Everett Broken Toe [93]
I Married Joan Mrs. Murdock (uncredited) Neighbors [94]
The Abbott and Costello Show Grocery Store Customer Hillary's Birthday
Mr. and Mrs. North Maggie McGinness The Man Who Came to Murder
General Electric Theater Hired Mother
1953–1955 Topper Henrietta Topper Recurring role, run of the series [95]
1955 Kings Row Mrs. Johnson Mail Order Bride
1957 Matinee Theatre Aesop and Rhodope [96]
The Lineup Julia Wyatt The Honolulu Treasure Case
Those Whiting Girls Dolly What Price Publicity?
The 20th Century-Fox Hour Emmie Wasey The Marriage Broker
Mr. Adams and Eve Connie Drake That Magazine [97]
Mr. Adams and Eve Connie Drake The Mothers [97]
Mr. Adams and Eve Connie Drake This Is Your Life [97]
Circus Boy Minerva Murdock Counterfeit Clown
The Adventures of Hiram Holliday Mrs. Primrose Hiram's Holiday
1958 The Thin Man Eva Clark Jittery Juror
1959 Hawaiian Eye Pearl Blake Second Day of Infamy
Wagon Train Mrs. Elliot Swinbourne Steele The Steele Family Story
Lawman The Chef Mary Young
1960 Lawman Bess Harper The Old War Horse
The Untouchables Lelah Dolan Jack 'Legs' Diamond
The Chevy Mystery Show Mrs. Endicott The Machine Calls It Murder
The Dennis O'Keefe Show Aunt Millie Go Home Aunt Millie
1961 Pete and Gladys Phoebe Lover Go Away
77 Sunset Strip Nona Rumson Strange Bedfellows
Harrigan and Son Alice Finley Shall We Dance?
The Real McCoys Clarissa Webster George's Housekeeper
1961–1962 The Alvin Show Various character voices
1962 The Rifleman Mrs. Leota Carreway Guilty Conscience
Follow the Sun Phyllis Curran Run, Clown, Run
Follow the Sun Lila Chicago Style
Adventures in Paradise Millicent The Baby Sitters
1963 The Real McCoys Aunt Wilma Skeleton in the Closet
1964 The Farmer's Daughter Geraldine Addison Scandal in Washington
Summer Playhouse Miss Birch August 29, 1964
1965 The Donna Reed Show Maudie Baker The Gladiators
Hazel Cora Noblesse Oblige [98]
Hazel Mrs. Durham It's a Dog's Life [98]

Citations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=191&dat=19821123&id=83NaAAAAIBAJ&sjid=my4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=3332,5573089
  2. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1310&dat=19821126&id=gBVWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=JuIDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6716,6309215
  3. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=oKPy-RAh3O8C&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&dq=actress+lee+patrick+dead&source=bl&ots=aU67XhgO8Z&sig=wZnCZMkC4Y5vRl5f3CxGLnv3-uE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=XX_6U66aENO7ogTD-YHoDg&ved=0CEoQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=actress%20lee%20patrick%20dead&f=false
  4. ^ "The Bunch and Judy". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  5. ^ "The Green Beetle". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Undercurrent". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  7. ^ "The Backslapper". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Bachelors' Brides". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  9. ^ "It All Depends". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  10. ^ "A Kiss in a Taxi". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Shelf". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Baby Mine". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  13. ^ "The Matrimonial Bed". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Nightstick". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  15. ^ "The Common Sin". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  16. ^ "June Moon". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Room of Dreams". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Privilege Car". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Friendship". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Little Women". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Blessed Event". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  22. ^ "The Girl Outside". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  23. ^ "June Moon". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  24. ^ "Shooting Star". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  25. ^ "Slightly Delirious". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Knock on Wood". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Abide With Me". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Stage Door". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Michael Drops In". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Nissen (2006), pp. 146–152
  31. ^ a b Gates (2011) p. 158
  32. ^ Fleming (2009), p. 132
  33. ^ "The Casino Murder Case". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  34. ^ Pitts (2013), p.38
  35. ^ Pitts (2013), p.76
  36. ^ "Crashing Hollywood". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  37. ^ "Night Spot". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  38. ^ "Condemned Women". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Law of the Underworld". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  40. ^ "Fisherman's Wharf". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  41. ^ Asker (2013), pp. 87–89
  42. ^ Sherman (1996), p.307
  43. ^ Romano (2004), pp. 32–34
  44. ^ Roberts (2003), p. 103
  45. ^ "Money and the Woman". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  46. ^ "South of Suez". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  47. ^ "Father is a Prince". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  48. ^ Bubbeo (2013), pp. 225
  49. ^ Hischak (2012), p.135
  50. ^ Bubbeo (2013), pp. 244
  51. ^ Maltin (2008), p. 475
  52. ^ Bubbeo (2013), pp. 140
  53. ^ Verswijver (2003), p. 225
  54. ^ Bubbeo (2013), pp. 29
  55. ^ Dick (2011), p. 122
  56. ^ Bubbeo (2013), pp. 52
  57. ^ Maltin (2008), p. 514
  58. ^ Maltin (2008), p. 683
  59. ^ Maltin (2008), p. 713
  60. ^ Darby (2009), p. 267
  61. ^ "Larceny With Music". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  62. ^ Verswijver (2003), p. 215
  63. ^ "Moon Over Las Vegas". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  64. ^ "Gambler's Choice". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  65. ^ Troyan (2010), pp. 390–391
  66. ^ Maltin (2008), p. 909
  67. ^ "Keep Your Power Dry". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  68. ^ "See My Lawyer". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  69. ^ Roberts (2003) p. 193
  70. ^ "The Walls Came Tumbling Down". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  71. ^ "Strange Journey". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  72. ^ "Wake Up and Dream". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  73. ^ "Mother Wore Tights". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  74. ^ "Inner Sanctum". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  75. ^ Pitts (2013), p. 317
  76. ^ "The Doolins of Oklahoma". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  77. ^ "The Lawless". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  78. ^ Maltin (2008), p. 501
  79. ^ "Tomorrow Is Another Day". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  80. ^ Pitts (2013), p. 342
  81. ^ "There's No Business Like Show Business". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  82. ^ Maltin (2008), p. 69
  83. ^ "Visit to a Small Planet". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  84. ^ "Goodbye Again". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  85. ^ "A Girl Named Tamiko". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  86. ^ Pitts (2013), p. 305
  87. ^ a b Rich (2006), p. 205
  88. ^ Bleiler (2003), p. 63
  89. ^ "Public Prosecutor – Case of the Comic Strip Murder". Internet Archive. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  90. ^ "Your Showtime – The Tenor". CTVA. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  91. ^ Brooks, Marsh (2009), p. 169
  92. ^ Terrace (2013), p. 39
  93. ^ "1950's Television: – Broken Toe – I Married Joan (1953)". Internet Arvhive. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  94. ^ "EP 79 Neighbors". Internet Archive. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  95. ^ Brooks, Marsh (2009), pp. 1411–1412
  96. ^ "Your Showtime – Matinee Theatre Season 3 (NBC Daytime) (1957–58)". CTVA. Retrieved February 28, 2015. 
  97. ^ a b c Tucker (2010), p. 136
  98. ^ a b Tucker (2008), pp. 116, 190

References[edit]

  • Asker, Everett (2013). George Raft The Films. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6646-7. 
  • Bleiler, David (2003). TLA Video & DVD Guide 2004: The Discerning Film Lover's Guide. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 978-0312316860. 
  • Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle F. The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-307-48320-1. 
  • Bubbeo, Daniel (2002). The Women of Warner Brothers: The Lives and Careers of 15 Leading Ladies, with Filmographies for Each. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6236-0. 
  • Darby, William (2009). Anthony Mann The Film Career. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3839-6. 
  • Dick, Bernard (2011). Hollywood Madonna: Loretta Young. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1617030796. 
  • Fleming, E. J. (2009). Paul Bern. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3963-8. 
  • Gates, Phillippa (2011). Detecting Women Gender and the Hollywood Detective Film. SUNY Press. ISBN 978-1-4384-3405-6. 
  • Hischak, Thomas S. (2012). American Literature on Stage and Screen 525 Works and Their Adaptations. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6842-3. 
  • Maltin, Leonard (2008). Leonard Maltin's 2009 Movie Guide. Plume. ISBN 978-0452289789. 
  • Nissan, Axel (2006). Actresses of a Certain Character: Forty Familiar Hollywood Faces from the Thirties to the Fifties. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0786427468. 
  • Pitts, Michael R. (2013). Western Movies. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6372-5. 
  • Rich, John (2006). Warm Up the Snake: A Hollywood Memoir. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0472115785. 
  • Roberts, Jerry (2003). The Great American Playwrights on the Screen: A Critical Guide to Film, TV, Video and DVD. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. ISBN 978-1557835123. 
  • Romano, Frederick V. (2004). The Boxing Filmography American Features, 1920–2003. MacFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-1058-0. 
  • Sherman, Vincent (1996). Studio Affairs: My Life as a Film Director. The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813119755. 
  • Terrace, Vincent (2013). Television Specials 5,336 Entertainment Programs, 1936–2012, 2d ed. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-7444-8. 
  • Troyan, Michael (2010). A Rose for Mrs. Miniver: The Life of Greer Garson. The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2094-2. 
  • Tucker, David C. (2008). Shirley Booth: A Biography and Career Record. MacFarland. ISBN 9780786436002. 
  • Tucker, David C. (2010). Lost Laughs of '50s and '60s Television: Thirty Sitcoms That Faded Off Screen. MacFarland. ISBN 9780786455829. 
  • Verswijver, Leo (2003). “Movies Were Always Magical” Interviews with 19 Actors, Directors, and Producers from the Hollywood of the 1930s through the 1950s. MacFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-1129-0. 

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