Lee Quiñones

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Lee Quiñones
Born 1960 (age 53–54)
Ponce, Puerto Rico[1]
Nationality Puerto Rican
Field Graffiti, Painting
Movement Subway Graffiti
Works ”Honest George” (2009)
Patrons El Museo del Barrio
Whitney Museum of Art
Museum of the City New York
Groninger Museum (Groningen, Netherlands)
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam, Netherlands)[2]

George Lee Quiñones (born 1960)[3] is an American artist and actor of Puerto Rican ancestry.[4] He is one of the several artists rising from the New York City Subway graffiti movement.[5]

Quiñones' style is rooted in popular culture, often with political messages, along with Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat. Quiñones was one of the innovators of New York’s street-art movement and is considered the single most influential artist to emerge from the graffiti era.[6]

Early life[edit]

Quiñones was born in Ponce, Puerto Rico,[7][8] to Puerto Rican parents but raised in the Lower East Side section of Manhattan. Lee started drawing at the age of five.[9]

Career[edit]

He started with Subway Graffiti in 1974. By 1976, Lee was a legend, working in the shadow, leaving huge pieces of graffiti art across the subway system. As a subway graffiti artist, Lee almost exclusively painted whole cars, all together about 125 cars. Lee was a major contributor to the first-ever whole-train, along with DOC, MONO and SLAVE.[10]

In November 1976, ten subway cars were painted with a range of colorful murals and set a new benchmark for the scale of graffiti works. This is documented in an interview with Quiñones in the book "Getting up" by Craig Castleman, MIT Press (MA) (October 1982). Quiñones appearad with several pieces in one of the most sold art books ever, Subway Art. He became an influence for youths worldwide. Several of Quiñones whole cars made in the 70's and 80's has earned iconic status by graffiti writers all over the world, many of the pieces are only documented in cheap instamatic photos. "The Hell Express", "Earth is Hell, Heaven is Life", "Stop the Bomb" are some of Quiñones paintings that ran for months. Quiñones pieces were left untouched by other writers and some of them ran for years. Thousands of writers were painting on subway cars at that time.[11]

Quiñones often added poetic messages in his pieces. "Graffiti is art and if art is a crime, please God, forgive me" is one of his most famous quotes. Except for subway cars, Lee also painted huge handball court murals in his neighbourhood, i e “Howard the Duck,” the first whole handball court mural, in the spring of 1978 outside of his old High School.

As part of one of the most respected writing crews, The Fabolous 5, Lee shared the philosophy of whole car bombing with the other members; DIRTY SLUG, MONO, DOC109, PROF 165, OG 2, BLUD, SONY, BOB, SLAVE and DEL. The most prolific members were DIRTY SLUG, MONO, DOC109, SLAVE and LEE (the youngest member of the crew). Along with SLAVE, LEE would keep the FAB 5 name alive long after the others retired.

Quiñones was one of the first street artists to transition away from creating murals on trains and begin creating canvas-based paintings. The 1979 exhibition of his canvases at Claudio Bruni’s Galleria Medusa in Rome introduced street art to the rest of the world.

Today, Quiñones is a well accepted artist. Recently, at an exhibition, all paintings were sold to guitar legend Eric Clapton. Quiñones raised money for the survivors of Katrina, by a bicycling tour from NYC to Florida. He also has hold lectures at universities in Europe as well as in the USA.

Quiñones' paintings are housed in the permanent collections of the Whitney Museum of Art, the Museum of the City New York, the Groninger Museum (Groningen, Netherlands) and the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam, Netherlands, and have been exhibited at the New Museum Of Contemporary Art (New York City), the Museum of National Monuments (Paris, France) and the Staatliche Museum (Germany). Pictures of his years as graffiti writer are featured in the books Subway Art,[12] Spraycan Art.,[13] "The Birth of Graffiti", "Getting up" and "Graffiti Kings: New York City Mass Transit Art of the 1970s".

He appeared as Raymond Zoro in Charlie Ahearn's film Wild Style (1983)[14] and appears in Blondie's promo video of the song "Rapture."[15] He played Sammy in Rosemary Rodriguez's Acts of Worship (2001). He plays himself in Adam Bhala Lough's Bomb the System (2002).[16] He also appears in Videograf 10.

In 2013 he appeared on BET's series The Artist's Way to discuss his evolving style.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Art Review: Artists Whose Vitality Flows From the Streets. Holland Cotter. The New York Times. "Art & Design." 16 June 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  2. ^ About. Lee Quiñones. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  3. ^ About. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  4. ^ Damon Darlin. "Cincinnati's Art Work is Excited by Manhattan's 'Raw Nozzle' Style." The Wall Street Journal. March 23, 1983. Page 23.
  5. ^ About. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  6. ^ About. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  7. ^ About. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  8. ^ George Lee Quiñones IMDB database. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  9. ^ George Lee Quiñones IMDB database. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  10. ^ George Lee Quiñones. IMDB database. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  11. ^ George Lee Quiñones. IMDB database. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  12. ^ New York: Henry Holt & Co, 1984
  13. ^ London: Thames and Hudson, 1987, Chalfant and Prigoff.
  14. ^ Scott, A. O. (October 5, 1983), "On the Edge of the Neo-70’s", New York Times .
  15. ^ George Lee Quiñones. IMDB database. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  16. ^ Burr, Ty (August 26, 2005), "'Bomb' flickers but fails to ignite", Boston Globe .
  17. ^ http://www.bet.com/video/lifestyle/2013/the-artist-s-way-lee-quinones.html

External links[edit]