Lee Richmond

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Lee Richmond
Lee Richmond.jpg
Pitcher / Outfielder
Born: (1857-05-05)May 5, 1857
Sheffield, Ohio
Died: October 1, 1929(1929-10-01) (aged 72)
Toledo, Ohio
Batted: Unknown Threw: Left
MLB debut
September 27, 1879 for the Boston Red Stockings
Last MLB appearance
October 4, 1886 for the Cincinnati Red Stockings
Career statistics
Win–loss record 75–100
Earned run average 3.06
Strikeouts 552
Batting average .257
Home runs 3
Runs batted in 113
Career highlights and awards

J. Lee Richmond (May 5, 1857 – October 1, 1929) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. He played for the Boston Red Stockings, Worcester Worcesters, Providence Grays, and Cincinnati Red Stockings, and is best known for pitching the first perfect game. After retiring from baseball, he became a teacher.

Early life[edit]

Richmond was born in Sheffield, Ohio, in 1857. He started attending Brown University in 1876 and was an outfielder and pitcher on the school's baseball team.[1]

Professional baseball career[edit]

On June 2, 1879, Richmond was paid $10 to pitch for Worcester of the National Baseball Association in an exhibition game against the Chicago White Stockings. He pitched a seven-inning no-hitter and signed with Worcester after the game. On July 28, he pitched a no-hitter against Springfield.[1]

Worcester joined the National League in 1880, and Richmond signed with the team for $2,400 that season. Before a game against Cleveland on June 12, Richmond was up all night taking part in college graduation events, and he went to bed at 6:30 AM. He caught the 11:30 AM train for Worcester so he could pitch in the afternoon contest and then pitched a perfect game to beat Cleveland, 1–0. According to the Chicago Tribune, "The Clevelands were utterly helpless before Richmond's puzzling curves, retiring in every inning in one, two, three order, without a base hit. The Worcesters played a perfect fielding game." Cleveland pitcher Jim McCormick allowed three hits, and the only run was scored on a double error by Fred Dunlap.[1]

Richmond graduated from Brown University four days after the perfect game, and he finished the year with a win–loss record of 32–32, a 2.15 earned run average, and 243 strikeouts in 590.2 innings pitched. He was the first left-handed pitcher to win 30 games in a season.[1][2]

Richmond pitched over 400 innings in both 1881 and 1882. After the 1882 season, the Worcester franchise disbanded, and Richmond played for the NL's Providence Grays in 1883. He experienced arm problems and was primarily an outfielder that year. He finished his MLB career with a record of 75–100, a 3.06 ERA, and 552 strikeouts.[1][2]

Later life[edit]

After the 1883 baseball season, Richmond established a medical practice. He then changed careers, and from 1890 to 1921, he was a high school teacher in Toledo, Ohio. Richmond married Mary Naomi Chapin, his former student, in 1892, and had three children: Ruth, Dorothy, and Jane. He died in Toledo in 1929.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Husman, John R. "Lee Richmond". sabr.org. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Lee Richmond Statistics and History". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved January 28, 2014.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
George Bradley
No-hitter pitcher
June 12, 1880
Succeeded by
John Montgomery Ward