First Direct Arena
|First Direct Arena|
|Former names||Leeds Arena|
|Broke ground||February 2011|
|Owner||Leeds City Council|
|Project manager||Davis Langdon, An AECOM Company|
The First Direct Arena (formerly known as the Leeds Arena) is a 13,500 capacity entertainment focused arena in Leeds, West Yorkshire. It is the first in the United Kingdom to have a fan-shaped orientation.
The arena officially opened its doors on 4 September 2013 with Sir Elton John, playing to an audience of 12,000. Bruce Springsteen had, however, held the first concert on 24 July 2013, with an audience of 13,000. The arena's opening season in 2013 later included acts including Kaiser Chiefs and Rod Stewart.
Public demand for an arena in Leeds
Leeds has been the largest city in the United Kingdom without a major venue to hold music or indoor sporting events. As of February 2010[update], Bristol and Leeds were the only major cities without an arena style venue. Previously, the Queen's Hall was used for popular music concerts but this was demolished in 1989. Since 1989, there have been a number of failed attempts at building a major venue in Leeds.
An arena has been long requested by residents in Leeds. The consultation on the Vision for Leeds 2004 to 2020 showed a strong demand from the public for a new arena, and the project became one of the city's 12 priorities. The Leeds Initiative formed a Cultural facilities task group to consider options. It appointed PMP consultants whose report outlined the viability of a Leeds Arena,and other potential projects such as a concert hall. The task group recommended that the Council proceed with the development of a 12,500 seat arena.
Whilst this study was taking place, campaigners including the Yorkshire Evening Post lobbied for a new arena to be built in the city. This resulted in a widescale 'Leeds needs an arena' campaign that had endorsements from local artists including the Kaiser Chiefs as well as local businesses and residents. The campaign was well publicised in local media, and included popular Myspace and Facebook groups.
Developer and operator competition
Following this, competitions began to find an operator and developer for an arena. In March 2008, SMG were chosen as the future operators of the First Direct Arena, following world wide interest from potential operators in the scheme. SMG also operate arenas in Newcastle, Belfast and Manchester and operate over 200 venues worldwide. The addition of Leeds strengthens their position in the UK Arena market. SMG's European managing director has stated that Leeds will be its "flagship venue" in Europe and that they expect First Direct Arena "to be in the top 10 in the world within two to three years of opening".
Two main bidders were involved in the competition to develop the arena. These were the Council owned land at Elland Road as one location which would have been developed by GMI and land owned by Montpellier Estates in Sweet Street, Holbeck with Montpellier Estates being developer of the latter site. However in November 2008, Leeds City Council announced they had terminated the developer competition and chosen Claypit Lane as the site for the new arena and would proceed as the developer. This resulted in a legal challenge from Montpellier Estates. Montpellier's claim for more than £43.5m was rejected by Justice Supperstone in a Judgement handed down on 6 February 2013.
The arena's location, on Claypit Lane is situated at the Northern Quarter of Leeds city centre, behind the Merrion Centre. The land the arena is being built on is the Claypit Lane Council car park and land formerly owned by Leeds Metropolitan University. Demolition of the former Leeds Metropolitan building was completed in 2009.
Independent economic impact assessments conducted by Yorkshire Forward show that the new arena will bring over £25 million to the local economy every year and bring 300 full-time jobs. The money provided by Leeds City Council will come from part of the proceeds from their sale of Leeds Bradford International Airport in October 2007, Yorkshire Forward grant support and revenues from rent and commercial activities. The total scheme costs are estimated to be in the region of £80 million including land costs.
The arena will be constructed in a super theatre fan shaped format as opposed to the more conventional bowl or horse-shoe seating arrangement commonly used by most arenas in the United Kingdom. The arena promises 'perfect sightlines' from each seat and the longest distance from the stage will be 68 metres as opposed to 95–110 metres at a traditionally designed Arena. According to the City Council, flat floor seating and 15 rows of retractable seating can be removed to create a huge floor area holding thousands of standing spectators. The interior design is flexible and the First Direct Arena will be able to accommodate a range of events including:
- Music concerts in various configurations
- Comedy events
- Family shows, such as "Walking with Dinosaurs"
- Ice dance shows and family dance shows
- Boxing/ Wrestling/ UFC
- Shows ranging from 1,500 capacity to 13,500 capacity
The external design was announced in August 2010. The external design has a honeycomb design. This design uses – a voronoi diagram – to create cellular shapes that are visible on key approaches to the arena.
On an evening, the front of the building will have the ability to change colour or pattern dependant on the show or mood of the arena at the time.
On 2 May 2013, telephone and internet bank First Direct were announced as the sponsor of the arena, with the name officially becoming the First Direct Arena. The naming rights will expire in 2018.
Opposition from South Yorkshire
Yorkshire Forward's support and intended £18 million funding has gained much publicity and has been subject to fierce political fighting. Some critics outlined that public funding is common on most recent Arena developments as seen in the Manchester, Nottingham and Liverpool developments. Each arena gained public funding and this was not protested by other established arenas. However, there was some opposition to the Leeds Arena from the owners of Sheffield Arena and Clive Betts, MP for Sheffield Attercliffe, who believe that the arena would adversely affect Sheffield Arena especially as the Leeds Arena would acquire funding from Yorkshire Forward. However, Yorkshire Forward stated that they fully support the development of an arena in Leeds and that an independent economic impact assessment also showed that a Leeds Arena would be of benefit to the entire region. Subsequently, Yorkshire Forward reaffirmed support to provide funding to the scheme. However, following a decision by BIS, central government initially did not authorise Yorkshire Forward to provide funding to the scheme. Soon after, it was announced that £9.9 million funding was authorised by central government. This was met with fierce criticism from Sheffield MPs, but received positive responses in the Leeds City Region.
The first event in the arena was a concert by Bruce Springsteen on 24 July 2013 although the arena officially opened in September 2013. A wide variety of events have already taken place or been scheduled, including:
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2013)|
|24 July 2013||Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band||Wrecking Ball World Tour||First ever concert at the venue|
|4 September 2013||Elton John||The Diving Board Tour||Official opening of the arena|
|7 September 2013||Leonard Cohen||Old Ideas World Tour|
|13 September 2013||Kaiser Chiefs||First local act to perform at the venue|
|24 September 2013||Rod Stewart||Live the Life Tour|
|13 November 2013||Depeche Mode||The Delta Machine Tour|
|15 November 2013||Stereophonics|
|16 November 2013||Vampire Weekend|
|24 November 2013||Andrea Bocelli||First classical act to play the venue|
|27 November 2013||Nickelback||Here and Now Tour|
|9 December 2013||Boyzone||BZ20: 20th Anniversary Tour|
|17 December 2013||Status Quo & 10CC||Bula Quo! UK Tour|
|18 December 2013||Wet Wet Wet||Greatest Hits Tour 2013|
|20 December 2013||JLS||The Greatest Hits Tour 2013|
|28 February 2014||Australian Pink Floyd||Set The Controls...|
|15 March 2014||Caro Emerald|
|28 March 2014||Manic Street Preachers||Futurology Tour|
|10 May 2014||Miley Cyrus||The Bangerz World Tour|
|20 June 2014||Dolly Parton||Blue Smoke World Tour|
|8 July 2014||Pearl Jam||Lightning Bolt Tour|
|11 October 2014||Ed Sheeran||UK Tour|
The arena is located in Leeds city centre, on Claypit Lane. There are over 7500 car parking spaces within a 15 minute walk of the arena, and Leeds railway station and Leeds City bus station are each a 15 minute walk away. There are bus stands nearby on Woodhouse Lane. The proposed Next Generation Transport trolleybus will run close to the arena.
- O2 Academy Leeds, Leeds second concert venue
- Queens Hall, Leeds, the largest concert venue in Leeds until its demolition in 1989
- Motorpoint Arena Sheffield, the nearest comparable arena
- "First Direct Arena". Leeds City Council. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- Elton John opens the First Direct Arena in grand style
- "first direct arena". Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- Vision for Leeds 2004-2020 - Leeds Initiative p. 32
- Robinson, Paul (2008-05-15). "Council picks arena operator". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "SMG Europe". SMG Europe. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "SMG boss promises Leeds arena will be 'world class'". Yorkshire Evening Post. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "Two tycoons in race to build Leeds arena". Yorkshire Evening Post. 2008-10-29. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "Leader defiant over Leeds arena 'challenge'". Yorkshire Evening Post. 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "Leeds Arena construction work starts". BBC News. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- "first direct arena - Public Open Day - 25th May 2013". Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- "First Direct Arena". First Direct Arena. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "First Direct Arena". Facebook. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "First Direct unveiled as Leeds Arena sponsor". Yorkshire Evening Post. 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "Sheffield fury as Leeds Arena goes ahead with £10m funding package". Yorkshire Post. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "Springsteen tour trucks given parking tickets in Leeds". BBC News. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
- CITY CENTRE LOCATION CHOSEN FOR NEW LEEDS ARENA
- "Backing for Leeds Arena plan". Yorkshire Evening Post. 2008-11-07.
- POPULOUS CHOSEN AS NEW MAIN ARCHITECTS
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leeds Arena.|
- Official website for the First Direct Arena
- Elton John opens the First Direct Arena
- Official First Direct Arena Project website
- Local Paper Website
- First Direct Arena thread on Skyscrapercity.com
- Google Map showing approximate location and area for development of the First Direct Arena