Leeds Bradford International Airport

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Leeds Bradford
International Airport
LeedsBradfordAirport.svg
LBIA terminal 1.jpg
IATA: LBAICAO: EGNM
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Bridgepoint Capital
Operator Leeds Bradford International Airport Limited
Serves West and North Yorkshire
Location Yeadon, West Yorkshire, England
Elevation AMSL 681 ft / 208 m
Coordinates 53°51′58″N 001°39′39″W / 53.86611°N 1.66083°W / 53.86611; -1.66083Coordinates: 53°51′58″N 001°39′39″W / 53.86611°N 1.66083°W / 53.86611; -1.66083
Website lbia.co.uk
Map
EGNM is located in West Yorkshire
EGNM
EGNM
Location in West Yorkshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 2,250 7,382 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 3,318,358
Passenger change 12-13 Increase11.0%
Air Transport Movements 31,057
Movements change 12-13 Increase2.8%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Leeds Bradford International Airport (IATA: LBAICAO: EGNM) is located at Yeadon, in the City of Leeds Metropolitan District in West Yorkshire, England, 6 nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) northwest of Leeds city centre itself.[1] It was opened in October 1931 as Yeadon Aerodrome,[3] It serves the cities of Leeds and Bradford, as well as the wider Yorkshire region including the cities of York and Wakefield, and is the largest airport within Yorkshire. The airport was in public ownership until May 2007, when it was sold for £145.5 million to Bridgepoint Capital.[4]

Leeds Bradford has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P800) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers and for flight training. The airport is also the highest in England at an elevation of 681 ft (208 m).[5] By the number of passengers handled in 2012, Leeds Bradford was the 16th busiest airport in the UK. It is a base for Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines and Ryanair. Thomson Airways are seasonally based at the airport.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The airport was opened as the "Leeds and Bradford Municipal Aerodrome" (Yeadon Aerodrome) on 17 October 1931 and was operated by the Yorkshire Aeroplane Club on behalf of Leeds and Bradford Corporations. In 1935 the aerodrome was expanded by 35 acres (140,000 m2) and scheduled flights began on 8 April 1935 with a service by North Eastern Airways from London (Heston Aerodrome) to Newcastle upon Tyne (Cramlington). The service was soon extended to Edinburgh (Turnhouse). In June 1935 Blackpool and West Coast Air Services started a service to the Isle of Man. By 1936 the London/Yeadon/Newcastle/Edinburgh service was flying three times a week and also stopped at Doncaster and carried on to Aberdeen (Dyce).

Seasonal flights between Yeadon and Liverpool commenced. Work also began on a terminal building, but progress was halted after only one section had been completed.

Wartime use[edit]

Civil aviation at Yeadon was halted in 1939, with the outbreak of the Second World War. Avro built a new shadow factory, to produce military aircraft, just to the north of the aerodrome; a taxiway connected the factory to the aerodrome and many of the aircraft first flew from Yeadon. Around 5,515 aircraft were produced and delivered from Yeadon of the following main types: Anson (over 4,500), Bristol Blenheim (250), Lancaster bomber (695), York (45) and the Lincoln (25).

Significant improvements were made to the aerodrome; the addition of two runways, taxiways and extra hangarage led to Yeadon becoming an important site for military aircraft test flying.

1947 to 1969[edit]

Civil flights recommenced at the airport in 1947, after Geoff Rennard fought for Leeds and Bradford to have an aerodrome, and eventually gained permission for an Aero Club. He was then appointed Airport Manager and stayed at the post for 5 years. Subsequently Yeadon Aviation Ltd was formed in 1953 to run the Airport and Aero Club. Two years later in 1955 flights to Belfast, Jersey, Ostend, Southend, the Isle of Wight and Düsseldorf were added to Yeadon's destination list. Scheduled flights to London began in 1960, and Dublin was added shortly after. A new runway was opened in 1965, and in that year the terminal building was destroyed by a fire, with a replacement terminal opened by 1968.

1970 to 1994[edit]

A British Airways Boeing 747-200 lands at the airport in 1984.

By the mid 1970s the package holiday had become popular in the UK and in 1976 the first holiday charter flight to the Iberian Peninsula departed Leeds Bradford.

In 1978, it was decided that, with runway extensions, the airport could be upgraded to regional airport status. Work began in 1982, and was completed in November 1984. This included a significant extension to the main runway, including the construction of a tunnel to take the A658 Bradford to Harrogate road beneath the runway. The airport also underwent significant extensions and redevelopments to the Terminal building, the first phase of which was opened in 1985.

On 4 November 1984, the day the runway extension was officially opened, Wardair commenced transatlantic flights from Leeds Bradford to Toronto, using Boeing 747s, though these flights were later discontinued.

In August 1986, an Air France Concorde charter flight from Paris landed at Leeds Bradford for the first time, and an estimated 60,000 people were there to see it. Occasional Concorde charter flights, all of which used British Airways aircraft, continued until June 2000, just one month before the Concorde disaster in Paris.

Initially the airport had restricted operating hours, and this deterred many charter airlines, whose cheap fares depended on 'round-the-clock' use of their aircraft. In 1994, these restrictions were removed and flights could use the airport 24 hours a day,[6] so more airlines were attracted to Leeds Bradford.

1995 to date[edit]

A Monarch Airbus A330 at the airport in 2009. In 2013 Leeds became an operational base for the airline.
Street map of the airport site and surrounding areas.

Work on the airport terminal has been ongoing since 1996, and the result of this has been significant growth in terminal size and passenger facilities. In 2007 nearly 2.9 million passengers passed through the airport, an 88% increase in just seven years and more than twice as many compared with 1997 (1.2 million). Much of the growth in passenger numbers since 2003 has been due to the introduction of scheduled flights by the based low-cost airline Jet2.com.

Since 2000 the airport has been home to the Yorkshire Air Ambulance.

On 18 June 2005 scheduled flights to Lahore via Stockholm-Skavsta were introduced by Swe Fly operating a Boeing 767-200 however the service ceased on 2 September 2005 due to lack of funds. In 2008 Shaheen Air International introduced of scheduled flights to Islamabad. This service was introduced in February but ceased after only four months due to a shortage of aircraft.[7] The route was reinstated by Pakistan International Airlines in July 2008,[8][9] this too however was due to be suspended from June 2011 but it has been decided to continue the twice weekly service with an Airbus A310 aircraft but it is to be discontinued on 14 May 2014 [10]

The original runway (09/27) was closed on 6 October 2005, to be redeveloped as a taxiway and to provide additional apron space.

In 2006 Isle of Man based airline Manx2 re-opened the airport's oldest air route, to the Isle of Man.[11]

In November 2008 the early stages of the airport masterplan were clarified, with in-depth detailed plans for the expansion of the airport terminal being published, at an estimated cost of £28 million.

The airport lost its direct link with London in March 2009 when BMI ceased its route to London Heathrow. Flybe revived the link with a route to London Gatwick on 29 June 2009, but it only lasted until 31 March 2011, leaving the airport without an air link to London for the second time in two years.[12] However, British Airways announced in May 2012 an intention to reinstate flights to London Heathrow from Leeds/Bradford, as a consequence of International Airlines Group acquiring BMI and their slots at Heathrow.[13]

On 11 August 2009 Ryanair announced it would set up a new base at Leeds Bradford, initially basing two aircraft at the airport offering 17 routes from March 2010. Ryanair also said they would be interested in starting flights to Eastern Europe in the near future.[14]

In November 2009, Jet2 brought a US destination back to Leeds Bradford for the first time in over 15 years, introducing seasonal flights to Newark International. The flights have operated annually in the weeks running up to Christmas every year since, providing passengers a chance to go Christmas shopping in New York.

On 16 June 2011, Ryanair announced that they would start two new routes to Eastern Europe, meeting the pledge they made two years previously. The first route, Riga in Latvia commenced on 2 November 2011 as did the route to Kaunas, Lithuania. However on 27 March 2014 Ryanair terminated their route from Leeds Bradford to Riga.[15]

Leeds and Bradford Airport contains a memorial to its wartime heritage in the shape of a 609 Squadron Memorial.

In 2012, Monarch announced it would open an operation base at the airport in 2013. The base opened on 22 March 2013. Meanwhile, Thomas Cook Airlines will discontinue all services and close its base at Leeds Bradford. Instead, Thomas Cook holidaymakers will be carried by Monarch.

In 2013, BMI Regional ceased all flights from Leeds/Bradford, it is said the airport are looking for a replacement airline to operate the Brussels route.

In May 2014, Pakistan International Airlines ceased their flights from Islamabad to Leeds, leaving the flight without any long-haul operations.

RAF Yeadon[edit]

Royal Air Force Station Yeadon

Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg

Type Military airfield
Site information
Controlled by Royal Air Force
Site history
Built 1931
In use 1936-1939, 1946-1957
Garrison information
Garrison RAF Fighter Command

609 (West Riding) Squadron formation on 10 February 1936 until 27 August 1939 when they moved to Catterick (not returning again until 1946). On reforming in May 1946, 609 returned to Yeadon with their Mosquito MK.XXX aircraft, which proved difficult due to the runways being too short to comfortably operate these aircraft. Safety speed (that which the aircraft needs to be flown and controlled on a single engine) was not reached until over flying central Leeds if taking off in that direction - with obviously drastic results should things go wrong on take-off. In addition, the airfield sloped downhill, meaning that it was necessary to land at RAF Linton-on-Ouse (20 miles away) if the wind was coming from the wrong direction. Eventually the Air Ministry re-equipped 609 with Spitfire LFXVIs This was sufficient as a short-term measure, but the grass airstrip was not ideally suited to Spitfire operations, and so it was decided that 609 Squadron should move to the hard runways of RAF Church Fenton in October 1950.

Yeadon was requisitioned by the Royal Air Force and became part of firstly 13 Group, then 12 Group at a later date. Once 609 (West Riding) Squadron left for Catterick, Yeadon served as a Flying Training School, bomber maintenance unit, and a scatter airfield. In January 1942 it was transferred to the Ministry of Aircraft Production, whereupon Avro built a shadow factory for the production of Albermarles, Anson's, Lancasters, Yorks, and Lincolns. It was also used by Hawker Aircraft for development work on its Tornado design. The Royal Air Force remained a part of Yeadons life until 1957, operating Austers, Supermarine Spitfires, De Havilland Mosquitoes out of here. RAF Yeadon finally closed in 1959.

  • 609 (West Riding) Squadron 1936-1939, 1946–1950
  • 23 Gliding School 1946-1950
  • Leeds University Air Squadron 1955-1960
  • 1970 Flight 1952-1957

Aircraft that would have been based at Yeadon.

Future[edit]

The Airfield area at Leeds Bradford Airport, much of which may be subject to further airport development as set out in the masterplan

In line with government recommendations, Leeds Bradford Airport published a masterplan. However since then the airport has been privatised and the new plans of Bridgepoint Capital deviate in areas from the masterplan. The plans that Bridgepoint Capital published were approved by Leeds City Council in July 2009, despite much criticism from protesters. The plans were originally rejected by Leeds City Council on the grounds of further traffic generated from an enlarged airport. The revised plans included the provision of further bus services, however no commitment was made to invest in a rail or light rail link, although the plan continues to be considered. Incidentally, neither the previously proposed Leeds Supertram or the currently proposed Leeds Trolleybus go to Leeds Bradford International Airport, although each would have a terminus a few miles away at Bodington Hall, Lawnswood.

The Masterplan[edit]

In 2004 the airport published a master plan in line with government recommendations. The master plan set out the following proposals for future development:[16][17][18]

  • Expansion of the terminal buildings, with new gates added including airbridge boarding tunnels.
  • New aircraft parking areas (there are currently 24 stands, this would increase to 31).
  • A change to the runway configuration (part of which has already been carried out). This includes building a taxiway parallel to the main runway. This would allow aircraft movements to increase from 26 to 34 per hour.
  • New airfield equipment and buildings (including aircraft hangars, new flight catering facilities and a new fuel farm).
  • Hotel and office space (the first phase of which is now complete).
  • A railway station from a spur near Horsforth.
  • New car parking areas.
  • A new link road from the A65, to the airport and then to the A658.

The master plan sets out the stages of development for Leeds Bradford Airport over the next 10 years and outlines general proposals for the period from 2016 to 2030. It is estimated that by 2016 the airport will handle in excess of 5.1 million passengers per year as well as seeing a significant increase in freight traffic. Both Flybe and Ryanair have expressed an interest in expanding their routes at the airport, with Ryanair announcing intentions to base aircraft there.[19] By 2010 Ryanair had made good this pledge and had Boeing 737-800 aircraft based at the airport operating new routes.

Bridgepoint Capital and Leeds City Council hope that by redeveloping the airport, it will attract even more companies, jobs and people to the area which already has a population of 2.9 million.[16]

Bridgepoint Capital development plan of 2008[edit]

On 5 November 2008, Bridgepoint Capital announced their £28 million plans to redevelop the airport terminal.[20] Planning permission was submitted to Leeds City Council in late November 2008. The plans involve building in front of the current terminal building, effectively turning the current crescent-shaped building into a semicircle. As the current terminal buildings are the product of 40 years of extensions, there is no continuity to the layout and the buildings can become very congested. The extension would be set over two stories and would facilitate new departure and arrival facilities. The ground floor will house new check-in halls, while on the first floor there will be a large departure lounge, featuring a glass roof.[21] Both arrival and departure facilities will benefit from new retail facilities as the management claimed that current facilities were 'inadequate and unenticing'. It is estimated that with the completion of the airport extension and the forecast new flights, an extra 2,000 jobs will be generated at the airport.[22]

Post-2008[edit]

Since 2008 the redevelopment plans have remained largely unchanged, however the proposed external appearance of the building has changed, being clad in black instead of the white cladding that had initially been proposed.[23]

The current front to the terminal buildings.  The space in this arc will be filled under expansion plans.
The current front to the terminal buildings. The space in this arc will be filled under expansion plans.

Completed developments since 2010[edit]

Since 2010 the airport terminal has been remodeled with adoption of a more conventional layout with arrivals on the ground floor (with the exception of passport control) and departures on the first floor (with the exception of both check-in halls, security and gates 1-5 which are served by a sports bar, Camden Food Company and a WH Smiths, also on the ground floor. The first floor area encompassing Burger King has been moved from land-side to air-side. A new shopping and dining area has been created on the first floor. New self-park car parking areas have been built to the North East of the site and are linked to the terminal by shuttle buses.

Airport ownership[edit]

Leeds and Bradford councils jointly bought the airport site at Yeadon in 1930,[24] which opened as Yeadon Aerodrome in 1931.

The airport became a limited company in 1987, and was shared between the five surrounding boroughs of Leeds (40%), Bradford (40%) and Wakefield, Calderdale and Kirklees (together sharing the remaining 20%).

In October 2006 plans to privatise the airport were confirmed when Bradford Council became the last of the five controlling councils to agree to sell off the airport to the private sector.

On 4 April 2007 the five controlling councils announced that Bridgepoint Capital had been selected as the preferred bidder.[25] On 3 May 2007 Bridgepoint was confirmed as the buyer.[26]

On 4 May 2007 Bridgepoint Capital acquired the airport from Leeds, Bradford, Wakefield, Calderdale and Kirklees councils for £145.5 million. Although Bridgepoint Capital own the airport 100% financially, the councils hold a "special share" in the airport, to protect its name and continued operation as an air transport gateway for the Yorkshire region. The new owners said they were to implement a £70 million capital expenditure plan, to focus on improving passenger and retail infrastructure in order to increase passenger capacity to 7 million per annum by 2015.[4]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Dublin
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal charter: Innsbruck
BH Air Seasonal: Burgas
British Airways London-Heathrow
Eastern Airways Aberdeen, Southampton
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Geneva
Flybe Aberdeen, Belfast-City, Jersey, Southampton
Seasonal charter: Innsbruck
Flybe
operated by Loganair
Glasgow-International
Jet2.com Alicante, Amsterdam, Antalya (begins 21 May 2015), Barcelona, Budapest,[27] Düsseldorf, Enfidha (begins 27 May 2015),[28] Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga, Murcia, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Tenerife-South
Summer seasonal: Bergerac, Bodrum, Cephalonia (begins 27 May 2015), Chambéry, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Geneva, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jersey, Kos, Larnaca, Malta (begins 22 May 2015), Menorca, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pisa, Pula, Rhodes, Reus, Salzburg, Split, Toulouse, Verona, Venice-Marco Polo, Zakynthos
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Monarch Airlines Alicante (begin 29 March 2015), Barcelona, Faro, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Gran Canaria (begins 8 November 2014), Grenoble, Heraklion, Menorca, Naples (begins 30 March 2015), Palma de Mallorca
Ryanair Alicante, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Kraków, Girona, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malta, Riga, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Bergamo, Chania, Corfu, Dinard, Faro, Gdańsk, Girona, Ibiza, Kos, Limoges, Montpellier, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Treviso
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Thomson Airways Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha, Ibiza, Rhodes, Palma de Mallorca

Statistics[edit]

Jet2.com Boeing 757-200 at Leeds Bradford
KLM Cityhopper Fokker 70 at Leeds Bradford
Ryanair Boeing 737-800 at Leeds Bradford

Passengers and movements[edit]

Number of
Passengers[2]
Number of
Movements[29]
Leeds Bradford Airport Passenger Totals
1997-2013 (millions)
1997 1,254,853 26,123
1998 1,406,948 25,615
1999 1,462,497 26,185
2000 1,585,039 29,263
2001 1,530,227 28,397
2002 1,530,019 28,566
2003 2,017,649 29,397
2004 2,368,604 31,493
2005 2,609,638 35,949
2006 2,792,686 37,251
2007 2,881,539 39,603
2008 2,873,321 37,604
2009 2,574,426 32,531
2010 2,755,110 33,911
2011 2,976,881 33,069
2012 2,990,517 30,223
2013 3,318,358 31,057
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Routes[edit]

Busiest routes by country (2013)
Rank
Country
Passengers
handled
% change
2012-13
1  Spain 1,331,110 Increase013.3
2  United Kingdom 357,975 Increase030.3
3  Netherlands 218,149 Decrease00.3
4  Ireland 187,221 Decrease01.7
5  Portugal 175,396 Increase024.9
6  France 160,639 Increase01.4
7  Italy 132,848 Decrease015.4
8  Greece 114,125 Increase055.0
9  Turkey 101,883 Increase0122.8
10  Germany 90,689 Decrease08.5
11  Poland 89,967 Decrease02.0
12  Cyprus 56,879 Increase031.8
13   Switzerland 47,773 Decrease02.1
14  Czech Republic 45,508 Decrease05.7
15  Malta 34,512 Increase09.3
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]
20 Busiest Routes to and from Leeds Bradford Airport (2013)
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change
2010 / 11
Airlines that operate this route
1 Flag of Spain.svg Málaga 240,080 Increase5 Jet2.com, Ryanair
2 Flag of Spain.svg Palma de Mallorca 231,404 Increase14 Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines, Ryanair, Thomson Airways
3 Flag of Spain.svg Alicante 231,361 Increase13 Jet2.com, Ryanair
4 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam 218,049 Increase0 Jet2.com, KLM Cityhopper
5 Flag of Ireland.svg Dublin 187,221 Increase1 Aer Lingus Regional/Stobart Air, Ryanair
6 Flag of Portugal.svg Faro 161,182 Increase24 Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines, Ryanair
7 Flag of Spain.svg Tenerife South 152,626 Increase20 Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines, Ryanair, Thomson Airways
8 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Belfast City 130,904 Increase31 Flybe
9 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Heathrow 118,717 Increase2028 British Airways
10 Flag of Spain.svg Lanzarote 104,436 Increase26 Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines, Ryanair
11 Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona 101,488 Increase12 Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines
12 Flag of Turkey.svg Dalaman 67,900 Increase111 Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines, Thomson Airways
13 Flag of France.svg Paris Charles de Gaulle 63,544 Decrease1 Jet2.com
14 Flag of Poland.svg Krakow 63,322 Decrease15 Ryanair
15 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Southampton 59,650 Decrease15 Eastern Airways, Flybe (begins 26 October 2014)
16 Flag of Germany.svg Dusseldorf 56,379 Increase4 Jet2.com
17 Flag of Italy.svg Rome-Fiumicino 52,037 Increase26 Jet2.com
18 Flag of Switzerland.svg Geneva 48,976 Increase3 easyJet Switzerland, Jet2.com
19 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Prague 47,773 Decrease2 Jet2.com
20 Flag of Greece.svg Heraklion 40,538 Increase177 Jet2.com, Monarch Airlines
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority [2]

Other facilities[edit]

Jet2.com's headquarters

Jet2.com's head office is located in the Low Fare Finder House,[30] a building on the grounds of Leeds Bradford Airport. As of 2006 the facility was under construction, meant to accommodate pilots, cabin crew, and "behind the scenes" employees.[31] Jet2.com's parent company, Dart Group, has its head office in the same building.[32]

Ground transportation[edit]

Bus interchange

Bus services that link the airport include the 757 flying tiger operated by Yorkshire Tiger which operates every 20 minutes. The 737 extends on to connect with Harrogate. Yorkshire Tiger also operate service 737/ 747 to Bradford interchange. Other local surrounding areas which include, Pool, Otley and Yeadon are connected by service 967 which is operated by TLC Travel. A service is planned to be restarted to York in the near future. Services to Leeds and Bradford link the airport with the National Rail network via Leeds railway station Bradford Interchange and Bradford Forster Square and connects with long distance coach services at Leeds City bus station and Bradford Interchange.

As part of both the airport and Metro's long-term strategies, there are proposals for the construction of a direct rail link to the airport on a branch from the Harrogate Line, however no firm commitments or timescales have been announced.[16]

The two nearest railway stations are Guiseley and Horsforth. There is a direct link by the 737 Bradford - Airport bus from the airport to Guiseley, and there is service 757 from Leeds - Airport which provides a service between the Airport and New Road side in Horsforth where further changes can be made with service(s) 31, 32 to connect with Horsforth railway station on a Monday to Saturday daytime.

The airport has connections to the local road network and is signposted on a large number of routes in the region. For arriving passengers, there is no longer a taxi rank as such, although the airport management has been urged by Leeds City Council to reinstate it. Instead, a single taxi company has an office just outside the main terminal, where passengers can book and pay for their taxi in advance. Alternatively, these taxis can be booked in advance online or by phone. For departing passengers brought by other taxi companies, they have the alternative of paying an additional £2 for the drop-off fee outside the terminal, or alternatively being dropped off at a nearby roundabout.[33]

The airport charges a parking fee for cars that are dropping off and picking up passengers momentarily at the terminal front.[34] There is however free drop off and pick up parking [35] provision available for up to an hour in long stay car parks with a free shuttle bus to the terminal front.[36]

Flight Training and General Aviation[edit]

Multiflight aircraft hangar.

The airport is home to Multiflight, a flight training and aircraft engineering organisation. They are also the dedicated FBO at the airfield and provide helicopter and fixed wing charter flights as well as aircraft sales and management. General Aviation operations are confined to the south-side of the airport, in order to maintain separation from commercial traffic utilising the main terminal.

In addition to numerous privately owned aircraft hangared on the south-side, a fleet of around 18 training aircraft are based at the airport. These include Cessna 152s, Piper PA28s and Beechcraft BE-76 Duchess twin engine trainers, And Robinson R22 and R44 helicopters

During 2005 two new hangars capable of housing 4 x B737-800's were constructed, as well as a new apron and direct taxiway to the runway. A dedicated southside fuel farm was also installed. In the past decade, over £10m has been invested into infrastructure on the South Side by Multiflight.

The Aviation Academy is also located in a hangar at Leeds Bradford Airport, in conjunction with the University of Leeds and University of Bradford. The Academy trains and prepares students to work in the Aviation Industry.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Prior to 1985, there were two recorded incidents of runway overruns at Leeds Bradford Airport, both involving British Midland Airways Viscount aircraft, and both showing evidence of hydroplaning.[37]

British Airtours Lockheed Tristar at end of runway 14, 1985
  • On 27 May 1985, a Lockheed Tristar operated by British Airtours, registration G-BBAI, overran the runway surface on landing from Palma after a rain shower. The aircraft was evacuated, with only minor injuries sustained by the 14 crew and 398 passengers. The nose landing gear strut folded backwards during the overrun, leading to severe damage to the underside of the forward fuselage. The undersides of both wing-mounted engines were flattened and both engines suffered ingestion damage. The main wheels of the aircraft also dug deep troughs in the area beyond the end of the runway, damaging the buried airfield lighting cables. The accident report concluded that the overrun was caused by the inability of the aircraft to achieve the appropriate level of braking effectiveness and recommended that both the scheduled wet runway performance of the TriStar and the condition of the surface of runway 14 at Leeds Bradford Airport should be re-examined.[37][38]
  • On 24 May 1995, an Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante aircraft, registration G-OEAA operated by Knight Air on a flight between Leeds Bradford and Aberdeen (see Knight Air Flight 816) entered a steeply descending spiral dive, broke up in flight and crashed into farmland at Dunkeswick Moor near Leeds. All 12 occupants were killed. The probable cause of the accident was the failure of one or both artificial horizon instruments. There was no standby artificial horizon installed (as there was no airworthiness requirement for one on this aircraft) and the accident report concluded that this left the crew without a single instrument available for assured attitude reference or simple means of determining which flight instruments had failed. The aircraft entered a spiral dive from which the pilot, who was likely to have become spatially disoriented, was unable to recover.[39][40]
  • On 18 May 2005, a Jordanian Airbus A320, registration JY-JAR operating for Spanish charter airline LTE suffered a braking malfunction on landing at Leeds Bradford Airport following a flight from Fuerteventura. The aircraft touched down on runway 14 just beyond the touchdown zone, approximately 400 m (1,300 ft) beyond the aiming point. The pilots determined that the rate of deceleration was inadequate and applied full reverse thrust and full manual braking in an effort to stop the aircraft, however the normal braking system malfunctioned and the Captain turned the aircraft onto a level grassed area to the right of the runway where it came to rest. There were no injuries to the passengers or crew, however the Air Accidents Investigation Branch made seven safety recommendations in the final accident report.[41][42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Leeds Bradford - EGNM". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "UK Annual Airport Statistics". CAA. 31 October 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "History & Developments". Leeds Bradford International Airport Company. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  4. ^ a b LBIA - Bridgepoint acquires Leeds Bradford International Airport[dead link]
  5. ^ Leeds Bradford International Airport - Airfield Information[dead link]
  6. ^ LBIA - History & Developments[dead link]
  7. ^ LBIA Announcements - Shaheen Air International cease of service[dead link]
  8. ^ LBIA - PAKISTAN INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES (PIA) TO START DIRECT FLIGHTS[dead link]
  9. ^ LBIA - Direct Flights To Islamabad Take Off[dead link]
  10. ^ "Airline may quit Leeds Bradford (From Bradford Telegraph and Argus)". Thetelegraphandargus.co.uk. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "New flight destination for Manx2". BBC News. 3 March 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Leeds Bradford Airport: Flybe axes London Gatwick service". BBC. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Business and tourist chiefs hail return of direct Heathrow links". Yorkshire Post. 12 May 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "Ryanair Announces 34th Base at Leeds Bradford". Ryanair.com. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  15. ^ Ryanair Announces 2 new routes; Riga and Kaunas[dead link]
  16. ^ a b c LBIA Master Plan 2005-2016[dead link]
  17. ^ LBIA - Airport Masterplan[dead link]
  18. ^ Leeds Bradford International Airport, Masterplan 2005-2016 Summary[dead link]
  19. ^ "Flybe's pledge to airport". Yorkshire Post. 9 September 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  20. ^ Building a better airport for you[dead link]
  21. ^ "Airport reveals £28m revamp plan". BBC News. 4 November 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  22. ^ "£28m Leeds Bradford airport plan ready for take-off". Yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk. 4 November 2008. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  23. ^ [1][dead link]
  24. ^ Firth, Gary (1997). A History of Bradford. Phillimore. ISBN 1-86077-057-6. 
  25. ^ LBIA - Preferred Bidder Press Release[dead link]
  26. ^ "Airport Sold For 145 Million To Bridgepoint (from Bradford Telegraph and Argus)". Thetelegraphandargus.co.uk. 3 May 2007. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  27. ^ JL (5 July 2013). "Jet2.com resumes Leeds/Bradford-Budapest service from April 2014". Airlineroute.net. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  28. ^ Jet2.com begin service to Enfidha from May 2015
  29. ^ Number of Movements represents total air transport takeoffs and landings during that year.
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{Aircraft in British Military Service: British Service Aircraft Since 1946} (ISBN 1 85310 891 X), Airlife Publishing, First Published-1998

External links[edit]

Media related to Leeds Bradford International Airport at Wikimedia Commons