Leelanau County, Michigan

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"Leelanau" redirects here. For the Michigan wine region, see Leelanau Peninsula AVA.
Leelanau County, Michigan
Flag of Leelanau County, Michigan
Flag
Map of Michigan highlighting Leelanau County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840[1]
Seat Suttons Bay Township
Largest village Suttons Bay
Area
 • Total 2,532.38 sq mi (6,559 km2)
 • Land 348.47 sq mi (903 km2)
 • Water 2,183.91 sq mi (5,656 km2), 86.24%
Population
 • (2010) 21,708
 • Density 60/sq mi (23/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.leelanau.cc

Leelanau County (/ˈllənɔː/ LEE-lə-naw) is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,708.[2] The county seat was until recently the unincorporated community of Leland[3]. On August 3, 2004, county voters approved a proposal to move the county seat to Suttons Bay Township, closer to the county's geographic center. In 2008, the county offices completed their move to a new government center[4] built on 45 acres (180,000 m²) of county-owned land, one mile east of the unincorporated village of Lake Leelanau, where a new county law enforcement center was completed. In 2011, the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, located in the county, won the title of "Most Beautiful Place in America" in a poll by morning news show Good Morning America.

Leelanau County is included in the Traverse City, Michigan, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

The county was set off in 1840, and organized in 1863.[1]

The county's name is said to be a Native American word meaning "delight of life",[1] but it is a neologism made up by Indian agent and ethnographer Henry Schoolcraft, who sometimes gave the name "Leelinau" to Native American women in his tales. He created many faux Indian place names in Michigan, from syllables from Ojibwe, Latin and Arabic. This source contends that the Ojibwas did not use the letter "L".[7] See, List of Michigan county name etymologies.

More recently, however, scholars have established that Leelinau was first used as a pen name by Henry's wife, Jane Johnston Schoolcraft, in writings for The Literary Voyager, a family magazine which they wrote together in the 1820s.[8] Jane Johnston was of Ojibwa and Scots-Irish descent, and wrote in Ojibwe and English. While her writing was not published formally in her lifetime (except as Schoolcraft appropriated it under his own name), Jane Johnston Schoolcraft has been recognized as "the first Native American literary writer, the first known Indian woman writer, the first known Indian poet, the first known poet to write poems in a Native American language, and the first known American Indian to write out traditional Indian stories."[9] In 2008 Jane Johnston Schoolcraft was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,158
1870 4,576 112.0%
1880 6,253 36.6%
1890 7,944 27.0%
1900 10,556 32.9%
1910 10,608 0.5%
1920 9,061 −14.6%
1930 8,206 −9.4%
1940 8,436 2.8%
1950 8,647 2.5%
1960 9,321 7.8%
1970 10,872 16.6%
1980 14,007 28.8%
1990 16,527 18.0%
2000 21,119 27.8%
2010 21,708 2.8%
Est. 2012 21,607 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 21,119 people, 8,436 households, and 6,217 families residing in the county. The population density was 61 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 13,297 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.52% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 3.66% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.34% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 3.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.3% were of German, 11.5% English, 9.9% Polish, 9.0% Irish, 6.0% French and 5.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.1% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 8,436 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 28.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

Leelanau countryside

The median income for a household in the county was $47,062, and the median income for a family was $53,228. Males had a median income of $35,719 versus $25,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,686. About 3.30% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.40% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Famous author Jim Harrison was a long time resident of Leland Township; U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services and former governor of Kansas Kathleen Sebelius vacations at a summer home built by her grandfather in Leland.[13][14]

The northernmost village of Northport and surrounding Leelanau Township have achieved fame as an area where the rich and famous can live quietly and anonymously. According to the Leelanau Visitors Guide: "Chef Mario Batali lives north of town at Cathead point, and comedian and actor Tim Allen routinely spent summers in Northport until his divorce. Financier Mark Spitznagel summers in Northport Point, a posh community just outside the village."[15]

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Woolsey airport, near the tip of the Leelanau peninsula

Leelenau County recently completed construction of a new jail.

Leelanau County elected officials[edit]

Other affiliations[edit]

(information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Wineries[edit]

There are eighteen wineries on the peninsula. The Leelanau Peninsula sits close to the 45th parallel, a longitude known for growing prestigious grapes. The two Grand Traverse Bays provide the ideal maritime climate and the rich soil does the rest. Northern Michigan specializes in growing white grapes and is known for its rieslings which grow well in the summer months and late fall which Traverse City is known for. Every October the wineries host a harvest fest. Some riesling grapes are spared being picked in the fall to be picked when they freeze, from which Ice Wine is made. Wineries in the Leelanau Peninsula AVA include Leelanau Cellars, Silver Leaf Vineyard and Winery, Gill's Pier Vineyard and Winery, Raftshol Vineyards, Circa Estate Winery, Forty-Five North Vineyard and Winery, Good Harbor Vineyards, Chateau Fontaine, Boskydel Vineyards, Black Star Farms, L. Mawby Vineyards, Ciccone Vineyard and Winery, Willow Vineyards, Chateau de Leelanau Vineyard and Winery, Shady Lane Cellars, Cherry Republic Winery, Longview Winery, and Bel Lago Winery.[17]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "Bibliography on Leelanau County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  • Bogue, Margaret. Around the Shores of Lake Michigan: A Guide to Historic Sites. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.
  • Reed, Earl H. The Dune Country. Berrien Springs, MI: Hardscrabble Books, 1979. [Reprint of 1916 Edition].
  • Ruchhoft, Robert H. Exploring North Manitou, South Manitou, High and Garden Islands of the Lake Michigan Archipelago. Cincinnati, OH: Pucelle Press, 1991.
  • Wood, Mable C. Scooterville, U.S.A. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1962.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°08′N 86°02′W / 45.13°N 86.03°W / 45.13; -86.03