Leelanau Township, Michigan

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Leelanau Township, Michigan
Township
Fire department
Fire department
Leelanau Township, Michigan is located in Michigan
Leelanau Township, Michigan
Leelanau Township, Michigan
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 45°5′0″N 85°38′30″W / 45.08333°N 85.64167°W / 45.08333; -85.64167Coordinates: 45°5′0″N 85°38′30″W / 45.08333°N 85.64167°W / 45.08333; -85.64167
Country United States
State Michigan
County Leelanau
Area
 • Total 227.6 sq mi (589.4 km2)
 • Land 49.2 sq mi (127.5 km2)
 • Water 178.3 sq mi (461.9 km2)
Elevation 909 ft (277 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,139
 • Density 43.5/sq mi (16.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 49670 (Northport),
49674 (Omena P.O. Box),
49682 (Suttons Bay)
FIPS code 26-46700[1]
GNIS feature ID 1626601[2]

Leelanau Township is a civil township of Leelanau County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 2,139 at the 2000 census.

Communities and landmarks[edit]

  • Cherry Home, in the center of the township's cherry orchards had a post office from 1919 until 1931.[3]
  • Gill's Pier, or Gills Pier was a settlement at 45°05′20″N 85°41′02″W / 45.08889°N 85.68389°W / 45.08889; -85.68389 (Gills Pier) along Lake Michigan in the southwest of the township. The community took its name from the William Gill and Son lumber mill. A post office operated from January 22, 1883 until January 15, 1908.[4][5] At its peak, in the 1890s, Gill's Pier had 12 houses, a post office, and a general store. The community, now mostly a memory, has been replaced by more vacation and year-round houses overlooking the lake. However, the name still appears on maps and lives on in the Gill's Pier Vineyard and Winery.[6]
  • Northport is a village on the Grand Traverse Bay side of the township. The Northport post office with ZIP Code 49670 also serves most of Leelanau Township.[7]
  • Omena is an unincorporated community in the southeast part of township on the Grand Traverse Bay.
  • St. Wenceslaus Church, named for Wenceslas I, Duke of Bohemia, a Roman Catholic Church founded nearby by immigrants from Bohemia who worked at the Leland Lake Superior Iron Foundry and at the Gills Pier sawmill also remains. After the Holy Trinity Church in Leland burned down in 1880, the first wood-frame church was built in 1890 and the cemetery was established. Church membership had doubled by 1908 and a brick structure replaced it in 1914. The two church buildings stood side by side until the autumn of 1963 when the frame structure was razed.[8]
  • The village of Suttons Bay is to the south and the Suttons Bay post office with ZIP code 49682 also serves small areas in southern Leelanau Township.[9]

Geography[edit]

  • According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 227.6 square miles (589 km2), of which 49.2 square miles (127 km2) is land and 178.4 square miles (462 km2) (78.37%) is water.
  • Leelenau has been part to substantial efforts to protect itself from growth and to foster a nature conservancy.[10]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,139 people, 903 households, and 634 families residing in the township. The population density was 43.5 per square mile (16.8/km²). There were 1,737 housing units at an average density of 35.3 per square mile (13.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 92.85% White, 0.28% African American, 3.13% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 2.52% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.01% of the population.

There were 903 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the township the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 18.5% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 26.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $42,112, and the median income for a family was $50,962. Males had a median income of $30,726 versus $24,671 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,799. About 5.0% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

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