Leeton, New South Wales

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Leeton
New South Wales
Leeton War Memorial.jpg
Leeton War Memorial
Leeton is located in New South Wales
Leeton
Leeton
Coordinates 34°34′0″S 146°24′0″E / 34.56667°S 146.40000°E / -34.56667; 146.40000Coordinates: 34°34′0″S 146°24′0″E / 34.56667°S 146.40000°E / -34.56667; 146.40000
Population 6,733 (2011)[1]
Established 2 April 1913
Postcode(s) 2705
Elevation 138.3 m (454 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Leeton Shire
County Cooper
Parish Willimbong
State electorate(s) Murrumbidgee
Federal Division(s) Riverina
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
23.0 °C
73 °F
10.3 °C
51 °F
432.0 mm
17 in

Leeton is a town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. Leeton is situated approximately 550 km west of Sydney and 450 km north of Melbourne in the productive Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area.[2] Leeton is administered by Leeton Shire Council. Leeton's urban population in 2011 was 6,733[1] and as of 2001, Leeton ranked as the 19th fastest growing local government area in New South Wales. Leeton is situated in one of the most productive farming regions in the state, with citrus, rice, grapes and wheat farms found throughout the Leeton Shire. Leeton is Australia's Rice Capital as it is home to the SunRice headquarters.[3] Other industry includes Freedom Foods, Berri Juices, Riverina Beef and Murrumbidgee Irrigation.

Leeton is renowned as The Heart of SunRice Country.[4]

Leeton holds a number of town landmarks, including the Roxy Theatre, War Memorial, Madonna Place, St Peter's Church, and the historic Hydro Motor Inn which are located in the centre of town. Leeton's areas are also based around large towers that store the town's water and provide a striking feature of each section of town.

Leeton is a purpose-built town designed by Walter Burley Griffin after the irrigation schemes were announced by the New South Wales Government in the early 1900s[2][5] The town has a unique[citation needed] circular road structure and streetscape. Leeton has distinct commercial, administrative, industrial, residential, educational, health, recreational and cultural areas and remains very organised today.[5] The unique design of Leeton (and nearby Griffith) is still considered a practical method of planning even though Leeton was founded over 90 years ago.[citation needed]

Leeton Shire Council is responsible for keeping the town neat and tidy. The town's appearance is comparable to that of coastal communities rather than one found in central New South Wales.[citation needed] Leeton's relatively recent history provides the town with a more modern appearance. In 2007 Leeton was the New South Wales overall state winner for tidiest town.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Burley Griffin Water Towers

The town is named after Charles Alfred Lee, a Minister for Public Works in New South Wales from 1904 to 1910.[6][7]

In 1912 a water tower was built to supply water to the then tent town.[8] Leeton Post Office opened on 6 September 1912.[9]

In 1913 when the Water Conservation and Irrigation Commission of New South Wales was formed Leeton was only a canvas town, the only houses being those built on farms by settlers and houses for its officers by the Commission.[10] On 3 April 1913 the first block of land was sold in the town. During 1913 a kurrajong tree which became known as the Pioneers' Tree, was planted as a feature in Kurrajong Avenue, and a butter factory was established in the town.[11]

In 1914 World War I broke out; of the town's population of 2000 people, 200 men were serving in the armed forces making it difficult to maintain the plantings in the irrigation area. During 1914 and 1915 an abattoirs and canning factory were established in the town.[11]

In August 1913 Walter Burley Griffin visited the town to complete its design.[8][12]

Historic Hydro

In 1919 the Hydro Hotel was constructed for Water Conservation and Irrigation Commission executives to stay whilst in Leeton but was not licensed to sell alcohol until 1924 when the alcohol prohibition in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area was lifted.[13]

During 1920 the Water Conservation and Irrigation Commission of New South Wales began to pressure the Government for relief for being responsible for providing civic and local government services with the Commission stating "revenue which comes mainly from rents and water charges, having remained unchanged, is insufficient to cover the cost of local government services now that the weekly wage is more than double the figure paid when the settlement started".[14] The Commission chose and appointed an Advisory Board which was made up of pioneer farmers which already had been in operation in the Yanco area since 1913. In June 1925 the Commission released its annual report stating that a Royal Commission recommended setting up of local government bodies within the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area but no date had been decided.[14]

On 1 January 1928 the Willimbong Shire was formed with the name "Willimbong" being retained until 19 July 1946 when it was renamed to the Leeton Shire.[15]

Roxy Theatre

In 1929 the Roxy Theatre was built on a large vacant block of land on the corner of Wade and Pine Avenue and was completed and opened in April 1930.[16]

In 1930 Willimbong Shire become the trustee of the Leeton Racecourse, established in 1912, when the land was gazetted as a reserve for racing, public recreation and aviation. In August 1931 Southern Cross became the first aircraft to officially landing at the aerodrome. During 1935 work was done at the aerodrome for it to be licensed to take aircraft including commercial aircraft.[17] In August 1935 Western and Southern Provincial (W.A.S.P.) Airlines commenced an air service between Leeton and Sydney however the service was ended in 1936 when a Tugan Gannet aircraft used by W.A.S.P. Airlines crashed on 26 February 1936 in the Cordeaux Dam area.[17]

In July 1938 it was proposed to the Willimbong Shire by the Civil Aviation Board that an area around Fivebough could be developed into an aerodrome since the Leeton Aerodrome at the race course was too small and could only operate on a restricted licence.[17] Willimbong Shire agreed to lease the land with preliminary work carried out on the site however the aerodrome was never used by any commercial airline.[17]

During World War II, the Royal Australian Air Force established a training school in the nearby town of Narrandera which was a large aerodrome. After this a report from the Department of Civil Aviation stated that Fivebough was eminently suitable as an aerodrome but strongly recommended that they should consider jointly operating the aerodrome with Narrandera Shire.[17]

During the early part of the 1930s Willimbong Shire took over the town water supply when it also became apparent that the town needed a second water tower which was constructed next to the first tower with the construction completed on 27 March 1937.[8]

Leeton & District Memorial Swimming Pool

The Swimming baths in Leeton was constructed by voluntary labour in 1931 and was completed on 24 February 1932.[18] The Leeton Swimming Club made a request that the swimming baths be replaced by a modern swimming complex. In 1959 money was raised though the Irrigana Festival, which was a biennial festival in the town, with the Leeton Shire obtaining a loan with construction starting on the complex.[18] On 17 November 1962 the Leeton & District Memorial Swimming Pool was opened.[18]

Irrigana Festival, the name "Irrigana" was chosen from a competition in the Murrumbidgee Irrigator, began in 1959 as a biennial festival but was short lived due to it lacking strong publicity value even though the festival was successful with fund raising.[19] In 1970 a biennial festival returned in the town known as the "Rice Bowl Festival". By 1988 the festival was renamed to "Sunwhite Rice Festival" with sponsorship from the Ricegrowers Co-Operative Limited.[19]

Education[edit]

War memorial

Leeton is the second largest educational centre in the Riverina after Wagga Wagga.

Leeton Shire has three secondary schools:

Leeton Shire has seven primary schools:

  • Leeton Public School
  • Parkview Public School
  • St Josephs Primary School
  • Wamoon Public School
  • Yanco Public School
  • Murrami Public School
  • Whitton Public School

Other education includes:

Climate[edit]

Leeton has a mild mediterranean climate, verging on semi-arid, with hot dry summers and cool winters.[20][21]

Climate data for Leeton Caravan Park
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.3
(111.7)
43.9
(111)
38.3
(100.9)
32.4
(90.3)
27.2
(81)
28.3
(82.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.0
(77)
33.5
(92.3)
36.0
(96.8)
41.4
(106.5)
42.2
(108)
44.3
(111.7)
Average high °C (°F) 31.9
(89.4)
31.2
(88.2)
28.2
(82.8)
22.9
(73.2)
18.1
(64.6)
14.7
(58.5)
13.9
(57)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
27.0
(80.6)
30.2
(86.4)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
17.2
(63)
14.6
(58.3)
10.4
(50.7)
7.0
(44.6)
4.6
(40.3)
3.7
(38.7)
4.6
(40.3)
6.6
(43.9)
9.7
(49.5)
12.7
(54.9)
15.6
(60.1)
10.3
(50.5)
Record low °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
7.8
(46)
3.9
(39)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
−3.9
(25)
−3.9
(25)
−3.2
(26.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.6
(33.1)
4.0
(39.2)
6.1
(43)
−3.9
(25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32.4
(1.276)
30.6
(1.205)
33.1
(1.303)
35.0
(1.378)
39.2
(1.543)
39.8
(1.567)
37.1
(1.461)
40.9
(1.61)
37.4
(1.472)
44.7
(1.76)
30.8
(1.213)
31.2
(1.228)
432.3
(17.02)
Avg. rainy days 4.0 3.7 4.0 5.1 7.2 8.6 9.6 9.6 7.7 7.3 5.0 4.7 76.5
Source: [22]

Transport[edit]

Leeton is connected very well to the surrounding regional centres and capital cities. Leeton is approximately 450 km from Melbourne along the Newell Highway, Goulburn Valley Highway and Hume Highway and 550 km from Sydney along the Sturt and Hume Highways. There are daily flights leaving Narrandera Airport, operated by Regional Express (REX). The airport is located near the shire boundary approximately 20 km from the CBD. There are coach services to Sydney and Adelaide, leaving Leeton Coach Terminal in Gidgee Street daily. NSW TrainLink also offers coach services to Wagga Wagga to link the SydneyMelbourne XPT daily. The Griffith Xplorer train to and from Sydney arrives at Leeton Railway Station on weekends.

Industry[edit]

Leeton is a very industrial town. Ricegrowers Limited is by far Leeton's largest employer as its international headquarters are located in the town. Other large industry includes Berri Juices and Rockdale Beef which are both among the largest producers in their respective fields of juice and meat products in Australia. Smaller industry includes Toorak Wines, Lillypilly Wines, CopRice (a subsidiary of Ricegrowers Limited), Southern Central Engineering, Pacific Fresh, Murrumbidgee Irrigation and AJ Bush and Sons Abbatoir. The extensive Vance Industrial Estate houses many smaller scale industrial companies. Leeton is also home to a call centre for Country Energy, which is one of only four in New South Wales (others being located in the larger towns of Port Macquarie, Bathurst and Queanbeyan)[citation needed]

Commercial scene[edit]

Pine Avenue forms part of the main street of Leeton

Leeton's main shopping areas include Pine Avenue and Kurrajong Avenue which include the town's two shopping complexes, Leeton Market Plaza and the Woolworths Complex. The streets offers a wide range of small and major retailers, both local and national. Some of these include: Go-Lo, Best and Less, Eagle Boys, Woolworths, The Reject Shop, Red Rooster, IGA, Target and McDonalds.

Media[edit]

Leeton has its own newspaper known as The Irrigator (formerly known as The Murrumbidgee Irrigator) which is released throughout the region on Tuesday and Friday.[4] Leeton also has influences on Star FM (99.7) and 2RG radio stations which are based in Griffith. WIN Television also broadcasts the local news of the Riverina during week nights.

Events[edit]

  • The Leeton SunRice Festival, which is held biennially for ten days at Easter.
  • Leeton Agricultural Show, which is held annually in October.
  • Leeton Art Deco Festival, which is held biennially in April.

Future for Leeton[edit]

St Peter's Anglican Church

Leeton's growth rate has slowed in recent years.

Most of Leeton's growth has occurred in the residential sector. New housing estates include: Golf Club Estate, Noble Park Estate and Letona Estate.

The shire's first fully enclosed shopping centre Leeton Market Plaza, was opened in October 2006.[citation needed].

Leeton is very community based, and many new community projects occur. Recent projects include the establishment of sections of the new town bike track network, regional skate park, indoor recreation centre and the federation stage in Mountford Park.

Notable citizens[edit]

Notable citizens originating from Leeton include Deputy Leader of the NSW Labor Party Linda Burney, Australian Labor Party Senator John Faulkner; Country Women's Association founder Lorna Gill; poet and writer Henry Lawson;[23] National Rugby League footballer Rod Maybon; professional road bicycle racer Robert McLachlan; National Rugby League footballer and commentator Peter Peters; current National Rugby League players Jeff Robson, Clint Halden and Mark Nicholls (rugby league), cricketer and commentator Mark Taylor: former captain of the Australia national cricket team; consumer advocate Helen Wellings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Leeton (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Leeton". Walkabout. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  3. ^ "Fine Food & Wine". Riverina Regional Tourism. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  4. ^ a b "The Irrigator". Fairfax Media. Riverina Media Group. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  5. ^ a b "About the Shire". Leeton Shire Council. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  6. ^ "Place names". The Australian Women's Weekly (1932-1982) (1932-1982: National Library of Australia). 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  7. ^ Leeton Tourism: Charles Alfred Lee, accessed 22 February 2011.
  8. ^ a b c Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 14. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  9. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  10. ^ Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 7. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  11. ^ a b Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 8. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  12. ^ Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 21. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  13. ^ "Leeton". Australian Heritage magazine. Hallmark Editions. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  14. ^ a b Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 9. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  15. ^ Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 10. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  16. ^ Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 41. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  17. ^ a b c d e Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 39. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  18. ^ a b c Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 35. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  19. ^ a b Maguire, Marie (1988). Local Government in Leeton 1928 - 1988. Leeton Shire Council. p. 47. ISBN 0 959916 1 1 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  20. ^ "Leeton". C Change Bureau. Retrieved 2 February 2009. 
  21. ^ "Australian climatic zones". Australian Government. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 21 December 2008. 
  22. ^ "Summary statistics Leeton Caravan Park". Bureau of Meteorology. Commonwealth of Australia. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  23. ^ "Images of Henry Lawson". University of Sydney Library. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 

External links[edit]