Lefkoniko

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Lefkoniko
Λευκόνοικο (Greek) Geçitkale/Lefkonuk (Turkish)
Lefkoniko Church
Lefkoniko Church
Lefkoniko is located in Cyprus
Lefkoniko
Lefkoniko
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 35°15′36″N 33°43′54″E / 35.26000°N 33.73167°E / 35.26000; 33.73167Coordinates: 35°15′36″N 33°43′54″E / 35.26000°N 33.73167°E / 35.26000; 33.73167
Country de jure  Cyprus
de facto  Northern Cyprus
District de jure Famagusta District
de facto Gazimağusa District
Government
 • Mayor Kıvanç Buhara (Tr. Cyp.)
 • Mayor-in-exile Michael Pilikos (Gr. Cyp.)
Population (2011 Census[1])
 • Total 1,253 (village); 2,380 (municipality); 6,250 (subdistrict)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website Turkish Cypriot Municipality
Greek Cypriot municipality

Lefkoniko (Greek: Λευκόνοικο, Turkish: Geçitkale/Lefkonuk) is a town in Northern Cyprus.

History[edit]

During British administration Lefkoniko had a population around 4000 people, consisted of a Greek Cypriot majority and a Turkish Cypriot minority. In an anti-British demonstration schoolboys burned out the village post office. A collective fine was placed on the inhabitants of Lefkoniko. The governor of Cyprus ordered a 24-hour curfew on Lefkoniko until the fine was paid.[2]

In 1939, the municipality of Lefkoniko was established. The population of the town was 2,596 in 1946 and 2,358 in 1960.

After the hostilities in 1974, population transfers were made in accordance with the population exchange agreement between Turkish and Greek Cypriots (Third Vienna Agreement) under the auspices of United Nations on 2 August 1975; [3] the Orthodox Greek Cypriots in Lefkoniko did not agree to live under Turkish Cypriot administration and moved to the north. Turkish Cypriots, mainly people from Kophinou,[citation needed] as well as other villages settled in Lefkoniko.

Lefkoniko is the birthplace of the national poet Vasilis Michaelides, while it is known for its Lefkoniko lace. It was in Lefkoniko that the first Co-Op was founded in 1909. With regard to its area, it is the 6th largest Municipality in Cyprus and the 4th largest settle ment in Famagusta district. With regard to its population, in 1960 it was the 8th largest settlement in Famagusta District and the 32nd largest in Cyprus.

Lefkoniko is also the location of Lefkoniko airport, with a 3400m run-way, the longest on the island, used mostly for military purposes. The United States also has the right to use this airport to fly over for Middle East operations.[citation needed] Along with Ercan, it is recognized as a legal port of entry only by Turkey.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Lefkoniko is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ census
  2. ^ VILLAGE PAYS UP - British Pathé
  3. ^ United Nations, Cyprus Population Exchange Agreement 02.08.1975 United Nations, Cyprus Population Exchange Agreement 2 August 1975.
  4. ^ "Mahalli İdareler Genel Müdürlüğü'". © Yalova. Retrieved 2013-10-20.