Lefkoniko

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Lefkoniko
Λευκόνοικο (Greek) Geçitkale/Lefkonuk (Turkish)
Lefkoniko Church
Lefkoniko Church
Lefkoniko is located in Cyprus
Lefkoniko
Lefkoniko
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 35°15′36″N 33°43′54″E / 35.26000°N 33.73167°E / 35.26000; 33.73167Coordinates: 35°15′36″N 33°43′54″E / 35.26000°N 33.73167°E / 35.26000; 33.73167
Country De jure  Cyprus
De facto  Northern Cyprus
District De jure Famagusta District
De facto Gazimağusa District
Government
 • Mayor Turkish Cypriot: Kıvanç Buhara; Greek Cypriot: Michael Pilikos
Population (2011 Census[1])
 • Total 1,253 (village); 2,380 (municipality); 6,250 (subdistrict)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website Turkish Cypriot Municipality: www.gecitkalebelediyesi.com
Greek Cypriot: www.dimoslefkonikou.org

Lefkoniko (Greek: Λευκόνοικο, Turkish: Geçitkale/Lefkonuk) is a town in the Famagusta District of Northern Cyprus. According to Cyprus records, it is in Famagusta District of Cyprus.

History[edit]

During British administration Lefkoniko had a population around 4000 people, consisted of a Greek Cypriot majority and a Turkish Cypriot minority. In an anti-British demonstration schoolboys burned out the village post office. A collective fine was placed on the inhabitants of Lefkoniko. The governor of Cyprus ordered a 24-hour curfew on Lefkoniko until the fine was paid.[2]

In 1939, the municipality of Lefkoniko was established. The population of the town was 2,596 in 1946 and 2,358 in 1960.

As a result of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus the Greek Cypriot residents of Lefkoniko fled and since then the town has been repopulated by Turkish Cypriots, mainly people from Kophinou,[citation needed] as well as other villages. In order to discourage settlers from Turkey, a large number of mud-houses were knocked down by the local village-council between 1975-77. Thus to this day, the village has an odd look, with many concrete houses standing from the early 1970s, with large spaces separating them.

Lefkoniko is the birthplace of the national poet Vasilis Michaelides, while it is known for its Lefkoniko lace. It was in Lefkoniko that the first Co-Op was founded in 1909. With regard to its area, it is the 6th largest Municipality in Cyprus and the 4th largest settle ment in Famagusta district. With regard to its population, in 1960 it was the 8th largest settlement in Famagusta District and the 32nd largest in Cyprus.

Lefkoniko is also the location of Lefkoniko airport, with a 3400m run-way, the longest on the island, used mostly for military purposes. The United States also has the right to use this airport to fly over for Middle East operations.[citation needed] Along with Ercan, it is recognized as a legal port of entry only by Turkey.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Lefkoniko is twinned with:

References[edit]