Lefkoniko

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Lefkoniko
Lefkoniko Church
Lefkoniko Church
Lefkoniko is located in Cyprus
Lefkoniko
Lefkoniko
Coordinates: 35°15′36″N 33°43′54″E / 35.26000°N 33.73167°E / 35.26000; 33.73167Coordinates: 35°15′36″N 33°43′54″E / 35.26000°N 33.73167°E / 35.26000; 33.73167
Country  Cyprus
 • District Famagusta District
Country (controlled by)  Northern Cyprus
 • District Gazimağusa District
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 1,253
 • Municipality 2,380

Lefkoniko (Greek: Λευκόνοικο; Turkish: Lefkonuk or Geçitkale) is a town in the Mesaoria Plain of Cyprus. It is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus. Lefkoniko is the birthplace of Cypriot national poet Vasilis Michaelides and is known for its lace.

Geçitkale Air Base of the Turkish Air Force is near Lefkoniko.

History[edit]

In 1909, the first co-op in Cyprus was founded in Lefkoniko and, in 1939, the municipality of Lefkoniko was established.

In a 1955 anti-British demonstration, schoolboys burned the town post office. A collective fine of $2,000 was placed on the inhabitants of Lefkoniko and the Governor of Cyprus ordered a 24-hour curfew on Lefkoniko until it was paid.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Before 1960, Lefkoniko was inhabited both by Greek- and Turkish Cypriots. The latter were the minority. In 1960, Lefkoniko had a population of 2,358.[3] With the exception of a family of three, all Turkish Cypriots fled the town in the Emergency years.

After the hostilities[4] and the division of the island in 1974, population transfers were made in accordance with the population exchange agreement between Turkish and Greek Cypriots (Third Vienna Agreement) under the auspices of United Nations on 2 August 1975; [5] the Greek Cypriots in Lefkoniko moved to the south. In response, the Turkish Cypriots in the south of the island (Kofinou and nearby Artemi) moved to the north, some of which located to Lefkoniko.

Lefkoniko was the 8th most populous settlement in Famagusta District and 32nd in the whole of Cyprus. As of 2011, its population was 1,253.

Gecitkale municipality building

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Lefkoniko is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KKTC 2011 Nüfus ve Konut Sayımı" [TRNC 2011 Population and Housing Census] (PDF) (in Turkish). TRNC State Planning Organization. 6 August 2013. 
  2. ^ VILLAGE PAYS UP - British Pathé
  3. ^ "LEFKONOIKO". Internal Displacement in Cyprus. PRIO Cyprus Centre. Retrieved 3 January 2015. 
  4. ^ UN official website UNFICYP Mandate
  5. ^ United Nations, Cyprus Population Exchange Agreement 02.08.1975 United Nations, Cyprus Population Exchange Agreement 2 August 1975.
  6. ^ "Mahalli İdareler Genel Müdürlüğü'". © Yalova. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 

External links[edit]