|Security class||detention center|
|Managed by||Ministry of Justice of the RF|
Lefortovo prison (Russian: Лефортовская тюрьма) is a prison in Moscow, Russia, which, since 2005, has been under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. It was built in 1881. It was named after the Lefortovo District of Moscow where it is located, which in turn took its name from Franz Lefort, a close associate of Tsar Peter I the Great.
Lefortovo was an infamous KGB prison and criminal investigation isolation ward (Russian: СИЗО, следственный изолятор) in the Soviet Union for detainment of political prisoners. In 1994 it was transferred to MVD and in years 1996 - 2005 it was handed back to secret police FSB, a successor of the KGB.
Famous prisoners 
- Vladimir Bukovsky
- Nicholas Daniloff
- Alexander Dolgun
- Hugo Eberlein
- Yevgenia Ginzburg
- Vasily Blyukher
- Nikolai Glushkov
- Zoya Krakhmalnikova - Soviet Christian dissident
- Platon Lebedev
- Eduard Limonov
- Alexander Litvinenko
- Vil Mirzayanov 
- Osip Piatnitsky
- Ian Rokotov
- Mathias Rust, the 18-year-old German who landed a Cessna 172 airplane near Red Square.
- Natan Sharansky
- Andrei Sinyavsky 
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
- Igor Sutyagin
- Raoul Wallenberg
- Nadezhda Ulanovskaya, wife of Alexander Ulanovsky
- Several members of the August Coup
- Chingiz Ildyrym, Azerbaijani Bolshevik and statesman
- Rashid Khan Gaplanov, Education and Finance Minister of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
- "Lefortovo" at globalsecurity.org
- article The Washington Post
- Hermann Weber, Hotel Lux - Die deutsche kommunistische Emigration in Moskau (PDF) Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung No. 443 (October 2006), p. 58. Retrieved November 12, 2011 (German)
- Bourdeaux, Michael (2008-05-13). "Zoya Krakhmalnikova, Christian writer jailed for her beliefs by the Soviet authorities". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
- "КАПЛАНОВ РАШИД ХАН" [Kaplanov Rashid Khan]. Retrieved 2011-11-28.