Left Front (magazine)

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Please see disambiguation page for Left Front

Left Front Magazine (1930?-1935) was an American magazine published by the Chicago chapter of the John Reed Club,[1] itself a Marxist club for writers, artists, and intellectuals, named after the American journalist, activist, and poet, John Reed. The magazine is most famous for being a major early publishing venue of American author Richard Wright.

Richard Wright[edit]

In 1933, Richard Wright joined the Chicago chapter of the John Reed Club at the urging of friend Abraham Aaron.[2] The same year, he is elected executive secretary of the chapter.[3] By early 1934, Wright began writing poetry for the chapter's magazine, Left Front.[4][5] He published poems "A Red Love Note" and "Rest for the Weary" in the January–February 1934 issue[6] and became co-editor of the magazine at the same time.[1][7] "Everywhere Burning Waters Rise" appeared in the May–June 1934 issue of Left Front.[8][9]

Demise[edit]

While some sources say the CPUSA shut down the magazine in 1935,[2][10] its demise most likely came in August 1934 during a Midwest Writers Congress, when publisher Alexander Trachtenberg proposed replacement of the John Reed Club with a new (i.e., Party-sanctioned) organization called the First American Writers Congress.[11]

See also[edit]

  • New Masses: magazine associated with the John Reed Club's New York chapter
  • Daily Worker: newspaper published by the CPUSA from headquarters in Chicago

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Richard Wright: John Reed Club". George Washington University. Retrieved May 30, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Wright, Richard (1940). "john+reed+club"+chicago&source=bl&ots=48gPJizneB&sig=NToZI3z1MyCtU7xPD81eekwoE78&hl=en&ei=5K8DTMDrFYP78Aa157HEDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CDQQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=%22john%20reed%20club%22%20chicago&f=false Native Son. Harper & Brothers. p. 468. 
  3. ^ "Richard Wright: Chronology 1931–1935". George Washington University. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Richard Wright". University of North Carolina: All American encyclopedia. Retrieved May 30, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Richard Wright: Chronology". University of Illinois at Champlain: Modern American Poetry. Retrieved May 30, 2010. 
  6. ^ "On Richard Wright's Poetry". University of Illinois at Champlain: Modern American Poetry. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Richard Wright: Life". University of Illinois at Champlain: Modern American Poetry. Retrieved May 30, 2010. 
  8. ^ | "Richard Wright: Chronology". Independent Television Service (ITVS). Retrieved May 31, 2010. 
  9. ^ | "Richard Wright: Primary (Poetry and Secondary Source Bibliographies". University of Illinois at Champlain: Modern American Poetry. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Richard N. Wright". Visit Natchez. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 
  11. ^ | Ward, Jerry Washington (2008). "left+front"+1934&source=bl&ots=INYyG_y6eq&sig=lY9HnTjU5MMdm3-VJaPtKZCQRsI&hl=en&ei=q9wDTKWrNYH48AaUxbD1DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CC4Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=richard%20wright%20%22left%20front%22%201934&f=false The Richard Wright Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-313-31239-7. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 

External links[edit]