Legal intoxicant

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Legal intoxicants, also known as legal highs, are intoxicating drugs which are not prohibited by drug laws. The most commonly used intoxicant is alcohol but many others are used including native intoxicating plants historically used by indigenous cultures and modern chemical intoxicating substances that have not been defined as illegal.

Stimulants[edit]

Mephedrone[edit]

Mephedrone a dopaminergic, serotonergic, and adrenergic stimulant. It is legal to possess in some countries.

Caffeine[edit]

A mild stimulant used most commonly via coffee, tea, and soft drinks also similar to cocaine in but different enough that it is not as addictive. In high doses, it can cause euphoria.

Nicotine[edit]

Stimulant drug most commonly found in tobacco products.

Ephedrine[edit]

Ephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine that is an adrenergic receptor agonist and is used as a stimulant. Although it is legal to possess and to purchase as an over-the-counter drug in the United States, the US Food and Drug Administration banned its sale as an herbal supplement in 2004.[1]

Betel[edit]

Chewed nut popular in Asia.

Calamus Root[edit]

This herb has traditionally been smoked, eaten, or brewed into a tea.The Cree say that they can take Calamus root and 'travel great distances without touching the ground'. Calamus was also widely used by Canadian trappers working for the Hudson Bay Company, using it as a stimulant, chewing a small piece whenever tired. Today the FDA defines calamus as 'not intended for human consumption.' This is due to the fact that massive doses of isolated beta-Asarone given to lab rats over extended time periods have proven to be carcinogen. Calamus Root is known to be "The closest thing to Viagra that nature has to offer".

Khat[edit]

Khat is a chewed leaf native to Africa with similar effects to coffee. The nations of America and Britian have begun regulation against it but in most other nations it remains unregulated.

Psychedelics[edit]

Magic Truffles[edit]

These species of Truffles carry psilocybin and psilocin and have similar effects to Magic Mushrooms. The law does not specifically outlaw truffles (only mushrooms) thus making them legal. Most are farmed in the Netherlands by the "Magic Truffles" company.

Mexican Calea[edit]

Produces vivid dreams after smoking. It is also employed by the Chontal people as a medicinal herb against gastrointestinal disorders, and is used as an appetizer, cathartic anti-dysentery remedy, and as a fever-reducing agent. Its psychedelic properties do not become apparent until the user is asleep.

Hawaiian baby woodrose[edit]

Hawaiian Baby Woodrose (Argyreia nervosa) is a perennial climbing vine, also known as Elephant Creeper and Woolly Morning Glory. The seeds of the plant contain the alkaloid LSA (ergine), which is a chemical analog of LSD. As such, they are sometimes used as a "legal" psychedelic. Ipomea Morning Glory seeds also contain LSA, but at a lower level. However, as LSA is a DEA Schedule III substance in the USA, the ingestion of LSA-containing plants could be prosecutable. In most countries in the EU however, it is unregulated.

Peruvian Torch Cactus[edit]

This cactus contains the psychedelic chemical mescaline. Most western nations have ban pure Mescaline but in cacti it remains legal. In the U.S. although illegal in many states, this cactus is still sold openly at many gardening stores. Some states like Utah allow it only for religious practices.

San Pedro cactus[edit]

San Pedro cactus contains mescaline which is illegal in most countries when isolated. This is the same active substance in the peyote cactus which can only be used legally by some native American tribes which have a history of using the plant. San Pedro can be bought and sold and the tissues can also be bought (primary container) from online shops. In many countries, however, it is a serious crime to buy, sell or consume the cactus for reasons of intoxication (any other reason besides ornamental use), because the active ingredient in the cactus, mescaline, is a scheduled substance in those countries.

Peruvian torch and Peyote are both very similar to San Pedro, both being cacti that contain mescaline, and are used as entheogens.

NMT[edit]

Orally administered NMT appears to produce no psychoactive effects, likely as a result of extensive first-pass metabolism.[4] However, it may become active upon combination with a MAOA inhibitor (MAOI).By vaporization NMT shows activity at 50–100 mg, with a duration of 45–70 minutes; duration of visual effects 15–30 seconds. Found in a wide variety of plants.

Blue Egyptian Water Lily[edit]

Recent studies have shown Nymphaea caerulea to have psychedelic properties, and may have been used as a sacrament in ancient Egypt and certain ancient South American cultures. Dosages of 5 to 10 grams of the flowers induces slight stimulation, a shift in thought processes, enhanced visual perception, and mild closed-eye visuals. Nymphaea caerulea is related to, and possesses similar activity as Nelumbo nucifera, the Sacred Lotus. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and apomorphine, which have been recently isolated by independent labs.[citation needed] These psychoactive effects make Nymphaea caerulea a likely candidate (among several) for the lotus plant eaten by the mythical Lotophagi in Homer's Odyssey. Used in aromatherapy, Nymphaea caerulea is purported to have a "divine" essence, bringing euphoria, heightened awareness and tranquility.[citation needed] Other sources cite anti-spasmodic and sedative, purifying and calming properties.

Peyote[edit]

Peyote is a cactus found in North America used by Native cultures. It gives similar effects to LSD. This drug is regulated under U.N. law but the only nation to ban and enforce the ban has been Canada. In the U.S., after a major legal trial, Peyote was deemed legal as long as it was used in Native American churches (it is not required to be Native American or a church member to use it in the said church).

Colorado River toad[edit]

The venom of the toad species Bufo alvarius contains 5-MeO-DMT and bufotenin, which is smoked once extracted from the toad. Several other toad species in the Bufo genus and a few other toad genera contain 5-MeO-DMT and bufotenin, but not in noticeably psychoactive quantities.[2]

Cannabinoids[edit]

Synthetic Marijuana[edit]

These substances are most commonly found in incense products most commonly used for smoking, and are legal in most (but not all) circumstances. Some commonly known names are Rasta Weed, Spice and Herbal Incense. The legality of synthetic cannabinoids vary between different states and countries. Some of them are as potent (if not more) than THC, the main psychoactive ingredient found in marijuana. Herbal mixes have varying effects depending on the cannabinoids in the mix and the amount of those. Herbs listed on the packaging of Spice include Canavalia maritima, Nymphaea caerulea, Scutellaria nana, Pedicularis densiflora, Leonotis leonurus, Zornia latifolia, Nelumbo nucifera, and Leonurus sibiricus. Each one of the Since synthetic cannabinoids is a relatively new drug there is little (if any at all) research on effects from longer periods of use. Mainly became popular because governments worldwide can't manage to ban the chemicals for juridical reasons in the same pace as they are discovered, but also because almost no knowledge and material (except the active substance) is needed to dilute the substance into more easily dosable amounts. A common strength on the smokable final product is 2 grams of the cannabinoid on 100 grams of smoking material, usually solved in Acetone and sprayed over the herb. Of course, this may vary depending on if it's for commercial distribution or personal use.

Hybrid Marijuana[edit]

There have also been new species of hybrid cannabis plants which are not technically regulated due to a legal loophole. The said loophole is the fact that most nations regulate THC not Cannabis itself, (some do actually regulate the plant). These said species do not have THC but have other cannabinoids which give a light buzz. These hybrid species are...

  • Blueberry Haze
  • Hawaiian Haze
  • Panama Red

Marijuana Alternatives[edit]

Some plants have been rumored to give highs similar to Marijuana but most differ slightly, whether not having the same intensity of the high, sexual excitement, or minor hallucinogenic effects. These plants include...

Dissociatives[edit]

Salvia divinorum[edit]

Salvia Divinorum Plant

Salvia divinorum is a psychoactive plant which can induce dissociative effects and hallucinations which may last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. It is commonly reported that there is a threshold dose, below which the plant likely won't produce any effects in the user, so a high dose is sometimes required. It has been linked to long usage as an entheogen by the indigenous Mazatec shamans for healing during spirit journeys. Salvia divinorum remains legal in most countries and, within the United States, is legal in the majority of states. There have not been many publicized prosecutions of individuals violating anti-salvia laws in the few countries and states in which it has been made illegal. The effects are very powerful and can be quite terrifying to the user.

Mugwort[edit]

The specific species is Artemisia vulgaris, which has known to be used in "Dream Quests" for ages.

African Dream Root[edit]

S. undulata is regarded by the Xhosa people as a sacred plant. Its root is traditionally used to induce vivid (and according to the Xhosa, prophetic) lucid dreams during the initiation process of shamans, classifying it a naturally occurring oneirogen similar to the more well-known dream herb Calea zacatechichi.

DXM[edit]

Dextromethorphan is an antitussive (cough-suppressant) drug found in many over-the-counter cold and cough medicines. When taken at doses higher than are medically recommended, dextromethorphan is classified as a dissociative hallucinogenic drug. It can produce effects similar to those of the controlled substances PCP and ketamine.

Nitrous oxide[edit]

Also known as "Laughing Gas". One of the most common inhalants, nitrous oxide is also known as "whippits", after the common brand-name of the charging cartridges used in food service whipped-cream dispensers, or NOS after the brand-name Nitrous Oxide Systems which produce Nitrous Oxide-based power enhancement systems for internal combustion engines (commonly used by drag racers). Most inhalants are directly neurotoxic, except for nitrous, amyl nitrate, and ether to an extent. Although nitrous depletes vitamin B12 from the body, this isn't a concern for the occasional user since most animal foods have the vitamin, particularly beef, lamb, and pork. However, chronic use can cause a severe B12 deficiency, which can cause psychological, neurological, and other physiological harm. Nitrous Oxide is commonly administered by using a charging cartridge and whipped cream dispenser to inflate a balloon, the contents of which is then inhaled in and out until the balloon is empty. The 'high' can be extremely intense, often causing the user to laugh uncontrollably and producing a dissociative ( or 'spaced out') sensation, but this typically lasts no more than 2 minutes.

Methoxetamine[edit]

Methoxetamine is a near chemical analog of ketamine and PCP. Its use was first publicly reported in 2010. Methoxetamine's effects are described by some as similar to ketamine or high-dose DXM, while others report not finding it similar to those substances.[citation needed]

Deliriants[edit]

Mandrake[edit]

Mandragora officinarum is a species of the plant genus mandrake. Historically, it has been associated with a variety of superstitious practices. It's deliriant effects have been well documented and famed.

Diphenhydramine and dimenhydrinate[edit]

Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine and a sedative and is available over-the-counter for allergy relief and for use as a sleep aid and dimenhydrinate is available over-the-counter for alleviation of motion sickness. Recreational users take many times (>250 mg) the therapeutic dose to achieve a state of delusional delirium.

Datura[edit]

Datura species (especially Datura stramonium, commonly known as Jimson weed) are common poisonous weeds in the Solanaceae (nightshade) family. They contain tropane alkaloids that are sometimes used as a hallucinogen. The active ingredients are atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine which are classified as deliriants. It can be smoked, eaten or made into a tea. The seeds are extremely potent and should be avoided.

Datura use has been associated with hospital visits and death in cases of overdose, and it has earned a reputation of being a rather dangerous substance due to the possible loss of control over ones self.[citation needed]

Nutmeg[edit]

Nutmeg contains myristicin and elemicin which were both considered psychoactive chemicals. Myristicin, along with being a deliriant, is also a weak monoamine oxidase inhibitor.[3]

Depressants[edit]

Alcohol[edit]

Wine has been used to create the condition of drunkenness for millennia

Alcoholic beverages contain the psychoactive drug ethanol (grain alcohol, C2H5OH), with a depressant effect. They are legal in most of the world (except some Muslim countries), although their use is restricted almost everywhere. Alcohol is considered a legal class A drug in most jurisdictions (Bufton, 2007).

Kava (Kavalactone)[edit]

Young Kava Plant

Kava (Piper methysticum) is an ancient crop of the western Pacific. The onset of a moderate potency kava drink is 20–30 minutes, with effects usually lasting for two hours but effects can be felt up to eight hours after ingestion.[citation needed]

Diethyl ether[edit]

A solvent sedative used medically as an anesthetic and recreationally for its effects similar to alcohol. It is more potent than alcohol and has less "hang over" effect. It is generally legal due its wide use as lab chemical and solvent for industry.

Inhalants[edit]

Inhalants are commonly used in many parts of the world for their powerful but short lived psychoactive effects; the most common group to use inhalants are young people.[citation needed]

Nitrites[edit]

Also known as Poppers. Nitrites include Amyl, Butyl, Methyl, Isopropol, Isobutal, Ethyl, Alkyl and the newer "US" formula containing Cyclohexyl Nitrite (the only nitrite to not currently require a prescription). Originally used as anti-anginal heart medication to lower blood pressure and even as an antidote to Cyanide Poisoning. Products are advertised as odorisers, leather cleaner and video head cleaner. Combination with Nitrous Oxide is referred to as 'Space Surfing' because of the intense synergistic effect of the two inhalants.

Sweetbay Magnolia[edit]

Magnolia virginiana, most commonly known as sweetbay magnolia, or merely sweetbay (also swampbay, swamp magnolia, whitebay, or beaver tree), is a member of the magnolia family, Magnoliaceae. It was the first magnolia to be scientifically described under modern rules of botanical nomenclature, and is the type species of the genus Magnolia; as Magnolia is also the type genus of all flowering plants (magnoliophytes), this species in a sense typifies all flowering plants. The leaves or bark have been placed in cupped hands over the nose and inhaled as a mild hallucinogen.

Opioids[edit]

An opioid is a chemical substance that has a morphine-like action in the body. Most opioids are not legal for over the counter purchase; However, some products that are legal (poppy seeds, poppy pods, and poppy plant material) contain morphine, codeine, and other analgesic opiates. Many of these products may be purchased legally but it is illegal to use them for anything other than cooking and decorative purposes. Codeine can be purchased over the counter in some jurisdictions,[4] but it's usually mixed with Paracetamol to discourage abuse. The paracetamol, however, can be removed fairly easily by manipulation of the different solubility of paracetamol and codeine in cold water.[citation needed]

  • Kratom is a legal opioid. Kratom is illegal in Tennessee as of July 1, 2013.
  • Lettuce Opium known as the milky substance between lettuce plants, specifically Lactucarium, it was once a common medicinal substitute for Opium in 1800s, England. It is believed to give effects and a high similar to Opium.
  • California Poppy is a legal smoking poppy that has similar effects to Opium but no addictive qualities.
  • Mexican prickly poppy,This plant was once smoked by Chinese immigrants to mexico as a legal opium substitute, today it is a substitute for Marijuana.
  • Calandine other wise known as Chelidonium majus is a poppy species smoked in the middle ages.

See also[edit]

References[edit]