Legal status of cocaine

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The production, distribution and sale of cocaine is restricted (and/or illegal) under most jurisdictions.




  • Czech Republic: Cocaine is legal to 1 gram for personal use.
  • Germany: Possession of cocaine without a medical prescription is illegal. Small amounts for own consumption may go unpunished for first-time or non-regular offenders. This also varies by state. Usually revocation of a driving license will follow up confiscation of any drug except marijuana, since drug users are considered a risk to road traffic.[citation needed]
  • Netherlands: Cocaine is considered an illegal hard-drug. Possession, production and trade are not allowed as stated in the Opium Law of 1928. Although technically illegal, possession of less than half a gram usually goes unpunished.[1][2]
  • Portugal: Personal use of cocaine is decriminalized. Drug abuse is dealt with by administrative and medical intervention. Trafficking is illegal.[3]
  • Switzerland: personal use of cocaine is sentenced by a fine. Trafficking is sentenced by jail.
  • United Kingdom: Cocaine is a Class A drug, controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. However medical use by doctors for controlling pain is permitted.[4]

North America[edit]


  • Australia: Cocaine is a Schedule 8 (controlled) drug permitting some medical use, but is otherwise outlawed.[citation needed]
  • New Zealand: Cocaine is a Class A drug. The coca leaf and preparations of cocaine containing no more than 0.1% cocaine base, in such a way that the cocaine cannot be recovered, are both classified as Class C.[12]

South America[edit]

  • Bolivia: Limited cultivation of coca is legal in Bolivia, where chewing the leaves and drinking coca tea are considered cultural practices, in particular in the mountainous regions. Processed cocaine is illegal.[citation needed]
  • Brazil: consumption and selling of cocaine are crimes. Consumption: warning on drug effects, community service (5 to 10 months) and educational measures - attending course or program. Selling: 5 to 15 years of jail and R$ 500-1.500 fine and course or program attendance. The decision on which purpose the aprehended drug had is based on judge decision.[13]
  • Colombia: In 1994, possession of 1 gram of cocaine was legalized for personal use.[14][15] Sale remains illegal, but personal production or gifts of cocaine are permitted.
  • Peru: Cultivation of coca plants is legal, coca leaves are sold openly on markets. Similarly to Bolivia, chewing leaves and drinking coca tea belong to cultural practices. Possession of up to 2 grams of cocaine or up to 5 grams of cocaine basic paste is legal for personal use in Peru per Article 299 of Peruvian Penal Code.[16] However, the reality how police treats it might be very different.[17] Important part of Article 299 is that person may not possess two or more kinds of drugs at the same time - this would make it criminal offense.


  2. ^ Drugsverbod juridisch ontmaskeren?
  3. ^ Greenwald, Glenn; Peter Reuter; Tim Lynch (2009-04-03). "Lessons for Creating Fair and Successful Drug Policies". Drug Decriminalization in Portugal. Cato Institute. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  4. ^ Home Office: Life in the United Kingdom: A Journey to Citizenship, 2007, p 121
  5. ^ "SCHEDULE I DRUGS". Department of Justice Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  6. ^ "Mexico votes to legalize small amounts of cocaine, heroin and marijuana". USA Today. 2006-04-28. 
  7. ^ "Mexico's Congress Legalizes Drugs for Personal Use". Fox News. 2011-12-07. 
  8. ^ "Mexico Considers Legalizing Drug Use". CBS News. 
  9. ^ "Mexico Poised To Legalize Some Drugs". CBS News. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ "DEA, Drug Scheduling". US Drug Enforcement Agency. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  12. ^ "Misuse of Drugs Act 1975". New Zealand Legislation. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "LEI Nº 11.343, DE 23 DE AGOSTO DE 2006.". Palácio do Planalto. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  14. ^ Housego, Kim (2004-04-05). "As addiction rises, Colombia weighs rolling back decade-old drug legalization". Associated Press (The San Diego Union-Tribune). Retrieved 2009-08-09. 
  15. ^ Murphy, Jarrett (2004-04-05). "Colombia sinks in sea of legal cocaine, heroin". CBS News. Retrieved 2009-08-09. 
  16. ^ "Overview of drug laws and legislative trends in Peru". Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  17. ^ "Drugs in Peru: Laws of Possession". Retrieved 2014-04-12.