Legality of cannabis by country
The legality of cannabis for general or recreational use varies from country to country. Possession of cannabis is illegal in most countries as a result of the agreement about Indian hemp, also known as hashish, in the International Opium Convention (1925). However, many countries have decriminalized the possession of small quantities of cannabis; see the list below.
Some states in the US allow use of medical cannabis in state, territorial, Indian reservation, and Federal district laws, although the use is illegal by federal law. Federal agencies claim that federal law comes first.
As of January 2015, Bangladesh, Czech Republic, the Netherlands, North Korea, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Uruguay, the U.S. states of Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington, the U.S. cities of Portland, and South Portland, both in Maine, and District of Columbia have the least strict laws towards cannabis, while China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates have the strictest laws against cannabis.
|Albania||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal|| Albania is one of Europe's greatest producers of cannabis.|
|Algeria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal|
|Argentina||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Legal for personal use in small amounts and for consumption in private locations. Public consumption is generally accepted among young adults. Consumption for medical purposes is accepted but not legislated (only in private locations). Cultivating, selling and transporting large amounts is illegal and punishable by present laws.|
|Australia||Illegal (decriminalized in some states)||Illegal||Illegal||One or two plants may be privately grown for personal use in the Australian Capital Territory and South Australia. Personal grows of up to two plants are decriminalized in the Northern Territory.||
Main article: Cannabis in AustraliaDecriminalized for personal use in small amounts in the Australian Capital Territory, South Australia and the Northern Territory. It is a criminal offence in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. In SA a person can legally grow 1 non-hydroponic plant, and in the ACT 2 non-hydroponic plants may be grown on their own property for personal use, and in the N.T two non-hydroponic plants can be fined $200 with 28 days to pay rather than face criminal charge. Enforcement varies from state to state, though a criminal conviction for possession of a small amount is unlikely and diversion programs in these states aim to divert offenders into education, assessment and treatment programs. With the rapid expansion in hydroponically grown cannabis cultivation, the Australian Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act (1985) was amended in 2006, reducing the amount of cannabis grown indoors under hydroponic conditions that qualifies as a 'commercial quantity' or as a 'large quantity'
|Austria||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession (which includes the act of smoking) is punishable by prison time of up to 1 year (option of alternative therapy and subsequent waiving of sentence) If it was possessed for personal use the penalty is only up to half a year|
|Belgium||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized for 1 bedrocan female plant)||Since 2003 adults over the age of 18, in Belgium, were allowed to possess up to 3 grams. But since the 10th of October it has been made illegal again.|
|Belize||Illegal, but mostly tolerated||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis use in Belize is common and largely tolerated; however, possession can result in fines or imprisonment. In 2012, the Government of Belize announced that it was considering decriminalizing possession of 10 grams or less.|
|Bolivia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal.|
|Botswana||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis (or Dagga) is illegal, but this is often unenforced.|
|Brazil||Illegal, but mostly tolerated||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||The possession of illegal drugs in Brazil, for personal consumption, entails a warning, community service and education on the effects of drug use. The same applies for the planting and/or preparation of small amounts of any illegal drug.
Selling and transportation of any illegal drugs, as well as the possession or cultivation of larger amounts is characterized as drug trafficking, a criminal act punished with 5 to 15 years in prison and a significant fine.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||All cannabis is illegal|
|Bulgaria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is class A (High-risk) drug, together with Heroin, Cocaine, Amphetamines and MDMA (ecstasy). Until 2004 a loosely defined "personal dose" existed. Since 2006, after the last amendment of the Penal Code, the penalty for possession is 1 to 6 years in prison and a fine between 1,000 and 5,000 euros. For possession with an aim of distribution (drug-dealing) the sentence can range from 2 to 8 years for small amounts, through 3 to 12 years for large amounts, up to 5 to 15 years when executed by an organized criminal group. In these cases the maximum fine to be determined together with the prison time is 50,000 euros. Growing is punishable by 2 to 5 years and a fine up to 5,000 euros. The organizer of a growers group can receive from 10 to 20 years and has to pay a fine up to 100,000 euros and a participant in such a group – 3 to 10 years in prison and a fine of 2,500 to 5,000 euros. Bulgarian Penal Code (translation requested)|
|Cambodia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||While technically illegal, the use of cannabis is widespread among the Khmer people and foreigners visiting the country. Marijuana can easily be purchased and smoked in public areas without the threat of arrest. Many "Happy" restaurants located in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville publicly offer food cooked with marijuana, or as a side garnish.|
|Canada||Illegal (decriminalized for personal use)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Legal with government issued licence for medical or industrial purposes. See Legislation: "Controlled Drugs and Substances Act"
Main article: Legal history of cannabis in Canada
|Chile||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal (Chile plants cannabis for medicinal use)||Personal consumption, possession and cultivation (of any drug) is decriminalized when in private locations. Chilean authorities permits the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes only. In 2014, the Chilean authorities have given a local woman permission to import drugs made from cannabis.|
|People's Republic of China||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is cultivated for its seeds and for fiber, and has a long medicinal history.|
|Colombia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal (Legal up to 20 plants for personal consumption)||Since 1994, cannabis has been decriminalized for possession of small amounts up to 22 grams for personal consumption, however sale remains illegal. It is legal to possess up to 20 plants for personal consumption |
|Comoros||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis was legal during the Comorian historical period between January 1975 and May 1978, when president Ali Soilih legalized cannabis consumption among other measures|
|Costa Rica||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Cannabis is illegal but there is a high tolerance of smoking marijuana throughout the country, a decriminalization system is implemented de facto since police officers do not detain people carrying enough for only personal consumption, yet no amount has been defined as a minimum for possession. Usage of Cannabis in Costa Rica is very high.|
|Croatia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||From 2013 there is distinction in the Croatian penal code between various illegal substances, they are now separated on heavy drugs and light drugs like Marijuana. According to the law, growing or selling cannabis is considered a felony punishable by a mandatory prison sentence (three years minimum) and from 2013 the possession of small amount of marijuana and other light drugs is a misdemeanor which leads to a fine of 5000–20000kn ($800–3500) depending on the case in question. In all cases the cannabis must be confiscated.|
|Cyprus||Illegal (small amount decriminalized for medical uses)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized for some farms to grow Hemp)||Class B substance – life imprisonment is possible for use and maximum 8 years for possession (maximum 2 yrs for first offence for under 25 yr old). In practice, warning may be given to a minor unconscious first offender.|
|Czech Republic||Illegal (possession of up to 15g decriminalized)||Illegal (purchase of up to 15g legal; sale of medical cannabis legal, otherwise sale illegal)||Illegal (up to 15g decriminalized/Medical subject to license legal)||Illegal (cultivation of up to 5 bushes decriminalized/Cultivation for medical purposes subject to license legal)||
Main article: Drug policy of the Czech RepublicPossession of up to fifteen grams for personal use or cultivation of up to five plants is merely a misdemeanor. Popular destination for smokers. Medical use of cannabis on prescription has been legal and regulated since 1 April 2013.
|Denmark||Illegal, but mostly tolerated||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||As with all drugs, cannabis-related offences are punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years Freetown Christiania, a self-declared autonomous region, is known for its cannabis trade.|
|Dominica||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Class B drug to cultivate, sell or possess|
|Ecuador||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is not illegal, defined by Law 108. Possession of under 10 grams is considered personal use and it is legal and not punished.|
|Egypt||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Technically illegal. However, use is widespread and part of every day culture. Convictions are very rare for personal use . Formerly a plant of high status, with several documented medicinal uses in ancient times, cannabis was made illegal in 1925 with the League of Nations’ Geneva International Convention on Narcotic Control, and has been aggressively targeted at various points since then.|
|Estonia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Up to 7.5 grams is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine. Large amounts and distribution are criminal offences, and are punishable with a fine or by up to 5 years in prison.|
|Ethiopia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Despite being the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement, possession of cannabis can result in up to 6 months imprisonment.|
|Finland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Extremely limited group of medicinal users (12 people as of 31 January 2010) are permitted to purchase Sativex mouth spray from one special pharmacy in the city of Turku.|
|France||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cultivating, selling, owning or consuming cannabis is prohibited. However, legislation was enacted in June 2013 permitting the sale of medications containing cannabis derivatives.|
(Legal if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
(Legal if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
(Legal if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
(Legal if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
|The possession is illegal, while consumption itself is legal on the basis of it being considered self-harm, which is not considered a crime. The possession of small amounts is prosecuted, but charges are virtually always dropped. The definition of this "small amount" varies depending on the federal state, the state of Berlin being the most liberal, allowing 15 grams for personal use in most cases, while most states do not prosecute up to 6 grams.
It is also possible to obtain a special permission by the "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices" to obtain, possess and consume cannabis as a part of medically supervised and accompanied self-therapy. By January 2015, 241 patients have obtained such a permission. Furthermore Cannabis cultivation and possession can be permitted to scientific institutions or administrative bodies. Pharmacies can obtain a special permission to sell cannabis or cannabis based medication to patients with a permission.
|Greece||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession or use of even small amounts is illegal in Greece. Individuals are arrested, although rarely convicted by court. Possession of large quantities may lead to several years in prison.
The Government was said to be preparing a bill that would decriminalize the use of drugs in August 2011, but finally the legislation was not changed at all.
|Honduras||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||The possession, sale, transportation and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in Honduras.|
|Hong Kong||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||The possession, sale, transportation, cultivation of cannabis is illegal under the Dangerous Drug Ordinance (Chapter 134 of the Law of Hong Kong).|
|Hungary||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||There is no distinction in Hungarian law between illicit drugs according to dangers. Heroin use has the same legal consequences as cannabis use. Hungarian law prohibits the distribution, and any use (including medical use). However the Penal code distinguishes the punishment between sale and personal use. 283. § (1) paragraph (a) states that "One cannot be punished for drug misuse; if a small, personal amount is produced, acquired, or in possession..." and continues to state that "... provided that before final verdict is determined a verification is provided that continuous 6-month therapy has taken place" The law determines that a "personal quantity" is defined as 1 gram of active substance (i.e. THC), therefore this equates to 12–100 grams of marijuana if calculated that marijuana contains 1–8% THC per unit mass. Possession of larger amounts can lead to a 5–10-year prison sentence.|
|Iceland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Consumption is illegal even in small amounts. Possession, sale, transportation and cultivation could result in jail time. Possession is not strictly enforced. Heavy fines are given.|
|Indonesia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Minimum sentence of four years in prison (additional fines may apply) if caught in possession. However, if the user voluntarily reports himself/herself to the police, or is reported by his/her family, the charges will be dropped in accordance to 2009 Narcotics Act, article 24 paragraph 2, 3, 4.|
|India||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Used during observance of certain Hindu rituals. Government-owned shops in holy cities like Varanasi sell cannabis in the form of bhang. Despite the high prevalent usage, this law is Illegal but rarely enforced and treated as a low priority across India. Tourist may often be searched by police officers, but usually in the goal of being bribed and not punished. Further, large tracts of cannabis grow unchecked in the wild in many parts of northern and southern India in many states such as West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Many states such as West Bengal, Tripura, and the North East have their own laws allowing cannabis, locally known as ganja.|
|Ireland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||In November 2013 a bill was presented to the Irish government by TD Luke 'Ming' Flanagan to legalize Cannabis in the country. However the Cannabis Regulation Bill 2013 was defeated by a margin of 111–8 in Dáil Éireann on 6 November. It was the first bill of its kind in a National Parliament in Europe.|
|Israel||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Small scale of legal usage of medicinal cannabis. However, personal use is relatively decriminalized with little to no penalties for convicted first time violators.|
|Italy||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession of small amounts for personal use is a misdemeanor subject to fines and the suspension of documents (passports and/or drivers licenses). The sale of cannabis products is illegal and punishable by imprisonment; cultivation is likewise punishable by imprisonment, even if in small amounts and for exclusive personal use. Licensed cultivation for medical and industrial use is strictly regulated.|
|Jamaica||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Legal (up to five plants)||On 25 February 2015, the Jamaican House of Representatives passed a law decriminalizing possession of up to 2 ounces of cannabis. The new law includes provisions legalizing the cultivation for personal use of up to 5 plants, as well as setting up regulations for the cultivation and distribution of cannabis for medical and religious purposes|
|Japan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is punishable by up to five years in prison. Importing or selling cannabis is punishable by up to 10 years imprisonment and up to 30 million yen.|
|Jordan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal and may be punishable by prison sentence.|
|Laos||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||As of 2009, a mandatory death penalty is applied for certain cases.|
|Latvia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is illegal in Latvia. Possession of larger quantities can be punished with up to 15 years in prison. Possession of quantities up to 1g are fined up to 280 euro, for second offences within a year period criminal charges are applied.|
|Lebanon||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal. However, large amounts are grown within the country and personal use, as long as not in public is not a major issue.|
|Luxembourg||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession, transportation and consumption are illegal. Prosecution depends on the amount of cannabis one possesses. Since 2001, prison penalty has been substituted by a monetary fine ranging from 250 to 2500 Euros.|
|Macedonia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||If one possesses a larger amount, a jail sentence of anywhere from three months to five years could possibly be given.|
|Malaysia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Malaysian legislation provides for a mandatory death penalty for convicted drug traffickers. Individuals arrested in possession of 15 grams (1/2 ounce) of heroin or 200 grams (seven ounces) of marijuana are presumed by law to be trafficking in drugs.|
|Malta||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Chapter 101 of Maltese law (Dangerous Drugs Ordinance) does not specify amounts considered to indicated differences between possession and trafficking (persons with as little as three grammes of cannabis have been charged with dealing) and treats all illegal drugs the same. Penalties for trafficking any illegal drug range between four years and a life sentence and a fine between 2,329.37 Euro and 116,468.67 Euro. Penalties for possession are between 12 months to ten years imprisonment and 465.87 Euro and 23,293.73 Euro in fines. Although prosecution is unlikely, the sale and consumption of cannabis is widely found in Malta.|
Main article: Mexican Drug WarOn 21 August 2009 Mexico decriminalized "personal use" possession of up to five grams of Cannabis. Growing and selling Cannabis is illegal.
|Nepal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Marijuana and its derivatives, such as Hashish, are widely available throughout Nepal.|
|Netherlands||Legal in smoking areas, decriminalized for personal use||Legal (only for coffeeshops)||Illegal (but for coffee shops not enforced)||Illegal (exceptions for personal use)||
Main article: Drug policy of the NetherlandsCannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams for personal use is decriminalized. Other types of sales and transportation are not permitted, although the general legal approach toward cannabis was before de facto decriminalization.
See also: Cannabis in New Zealand
Cultivation, possession or sale of cannabis is illegal. The fruit, seeds, and any other part of the plant are scheduled as Class C substances. Hashish, hash oil, THC, and any other preparations containing THC made by processing the plant are scheduled as Class B substances. In July 2009, a bill promoted by Green Party co-leader Metiria Turei amending the law to permit the use of medicinal cannabis was defeated 84–34 at its first reading, with all members of the ruling National Party voting against it.
|North Korea||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal||Although several drugs are illegal in North Korea, Cannabis is not one of them.|
|Northern Mariana Islands||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal|||
|Norway||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Up to 15 grams is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine of 1500-15000 kroner in the case of first-time offenders; possessing more is considered dealing and punished more harshly. Repeat offenders or dealers face prison charges. It's the same punishment with between 6 months and 2 years for personal use, and between 6 months and 21 years for selling in prison for all narcotics.|
|Pakistan||Illegal, but mostly tolerated||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized for personal use)||Laws prohibiting the sale and misuse of cannabis exist, but are very rarely enforced. As with hash, the occasional use of cannabis in community gatherings is broadly tolerated as a centuries old custom, despite its association with lower-income groups. The open use of cannabis by Sufis and Hindus as a means to induce euphoria has never been challenged by the state. Further, large tracts of cannabis grow unchecked in the wild.|
Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Panama are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
|Peru||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Possession is not illegal, defined by Art. 299. Possession of under 8 grams is considered personal use and it is legal and not punished.|
|Philippines||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002, makes provision for restricted medical use.|
|Poland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||On 26 May 2011, Poland introduced legislation to terminate the prosecution for possession of small amounts of drugs for personal use. The law introduces the possibility when a person has negligible amounts of drugs for personal use and is not a dealer. But this is only theory, in practice it's still illegal. The legislation raised the maximum possible penalty for placing a large number of drugs from 10 to 12 years in prison. However, for possession of large quantities of drugs would result up to 10 years in prison (previously up to 8 years).|
|Portugal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||In 2001, Portugal became the first country in the world to decriminalize the use of all drugs, and started treating drug users as sick people, instead of criminals, although you can be arrested or assigned mandatory rehab if caught several times in possession. See Drug policy of Portugal|
Main article: Legal history of cannabis in the United StatesThe Puerto Rican government is considering to decrimalize cannabis for medical use
|Romania||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Romania was (before 1990) a leader in hemp fiber, second only to China. However, possession of small quantities of drug preparations is punishable by a small fine of about $150–200 USD. Possession of large amounts may result in 3–6 years of jail time, and sale may result in more than 6 years jail time. Decriminalization proposed. Medical use is legal under certain conditions.|
|Russia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Possession or transport of up to 6 grams (dry weight) of cannabis or 2 grams of hashish with no sale intent is punishable by fine. Possession or transport of more than this amount is punishable by prison term.
Cultivation of less than 20 cannabis plants is decriminalized (punishable by fine) since 2010. Plant itself is illegal. Cannabis seeds contain no controlled substances and are not regulated.
|Saudi Arabia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession for personal use of any kind of recreational drugs is punishable by imprisonment if caught. Imprisonment for personal use could go up to six months jail time or more. Dealing and smuggling of high amounts of drugs usually result in harsher prison time or even execution, although recently executions are rare. Foreigners who use drugs might be deported.|
|Serbia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||The Criminal Code of Serbia outlaws possession (article 246a), sale, transport and cultivation (article 246) of all psychoactive substances.|
|Singapore||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is a Class A drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act, making it illegal to cultivate, sell or possess.|
|Slovakia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession or use of small amounts of Cannabis is punishable by up to three years in prison. In April 2012, The Wall Street Journal reported that Robert Fico, the incoming Slovak prime minister, might push for partial legalisation of Cannabis possession, and has argued for the legalisation of possession of up to three doses of Cannabis for personal use.|
|Slovenia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis cultivation is not illegal for cannabis growers, growing cannabis with ≤ 0.2 % THC on a ≤ 0.1 ha surface, or ≥ 0.1 ha surface with a governmental permit for cannabis cultivation.||There was a proposal of 2012 that would decriminalise medical cannabis, failed with not enough support. The petition for support for medical marijuana decriminalisation for was re-proposed in 2013, succeeded in gaining enough public support for legal cannabis, but the Slovenian government rather re-classified cannabis from Class B to Class A illegal drugs, designated fines for small quantity possetion and declared it "decriminalisation" of medical marijuana in 2014.|
|South Africa||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||There is a proposal of 2014 that would decriminalise medical cannabis |
|South Korea||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis "is illegal in South Korea." South Koreans can be prosecuted in South Korea for use of cannabis in other countries as well, as happened to a South Korean-American hip hop artist who will "spend eight long months in a [South] Korean prison" for his cannabis use while in the U.S.|
|Spain||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Buying or selling any quantity of cannabis is a criminal offence. Possession and consumption in a public place constitutes a misdemeanour and is penalized with a fine and confiscation. Growing the plant on private property for personal use, and consumption by adults in a private space, is legal. About 500 private "cannabis clubs" exist in Spain, 200 of them in Barcelona, and Spain is spoken of as the "new Amsterdam," a destination for marijuana tourists.|
|Sri Lanka||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is illegal in Sri Lanka though it is commonly used in Ayurvedic traditional medicines.|
Main article: Cannabis in Switzerland
Cannabis is decriminalized for possession, sale or transport is Illegal but cultivation is legal in a private property only. However, usually only the minimum penalty is imposed for possession and personal use, even for larger amounts. The federal council has committed to implement changes as to decriminalization of personal use and possession already in 2001, and the parliament is currently tasked to tender concrete approaches. As nothing is coming forth on a parliamentary basis, a referendum was launched in 2008.
As of 1 January 2012, the cantons Vaud, Neuchatel, Geneva and Fribourg have allowed the growing and cultivation of up to 4 cannabis plants per person, in an attempt to curb illegal street trafficking, but this cantonal law was unvalidated in October 2012, as federal law must prevail on cantonal law.
|Syria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Under the policies of the government of Bashar al-Assad, many cannabis offences, from simple use to trafficking, reportedly often carried a sentence of life imprisonment. As the country has become destabilised as a result of civil war, people living in areas controlled by Kurdish separatists have begun growing cannabis as a way of making money to fight poverty.|
|Republic of China (Taiwan)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is a schedule 2 narcotic in the ROC, and possession can result in up to three years imprisonment.|
|Turkey||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Consuming any drug (personal use or not) is illegal and requires juridical process. Possessing, purchasing or receiving any illegal drug, including Cannabis, is punishable by 1–2 years in prison; there is also the option of treatment and/or probation for up to three years. If users refuse treatment or do not comply with probation requirements, the courts can decide on sentencing. Sale and supply is punishable by a prison term of 5–10 years, and production or trafficking by a minimum term of 10 years.|
|United Arab Emirates||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Even the smallest amounts of the drug can lead to a mandatory four-year prison sentence.|
Main article: Cannabis reclassification in the United Kingdom
Cannabis is a Class B drug (moderate risk) in the UK. Police enforcement actions vary.
|United States||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level in Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska and the cities of Portland and South Portland, Maine and in Washington DC; decriminalized in 14 states, medicinal legal in 20 states and Guam. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws, Laws varies by reservation.)||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level with a state issued license in Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska. Legal medicinal sales in several additional states. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws, Laws varies by reservation. )||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level within the states of Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska. Legal for medicinal patients in several additional states. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws, Laws varies by reservation.)||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level for individuals/commercial in Colorado, Alaska and Oregon, individual but not commercial in Washington DC, and only commercially in Washington. Medicinal growing is legal in several states as well. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws, Laws varies by reservation.)||
Laws vary by state, Territory, Indian Reservation, and the Federal District. Federal law classifies cannabis as a Schedule I substance, the same classification as heroin. The United States Supreme Court has ruled in Gonzales v. Raich that the federal government has the power to regulate and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes. The Department of Justice recently allowed recognized Indian reservations to regulate marijuana within their reservation.
|Ukraine||Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to 5 grams||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to 5 grams||Illegal (decriminalized) up to 10 plants||"Aspects of cannabis laws in Ukraine"|
Main article: Legality of cannabis in Uruguay
Jose Mujica has fully legalized any use of Cannabis in Uruguay; law does not specify quantity for "personal amount". As of 10 December 2013, the House of Representatives and Senate passed a bill legalizing and regulating the production and sale of the drug. But the president has postponed the implementation to 2015 and parts of the opposition claim that the new law will never be implemented. The new law says that buyers must be 18 or older, residents of Uruguay, and must register with the authorities. Authorities will grow the cannabis that can be sold legal.
|Uzbekistan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Opiates, cannabis and other plants containing psychotropic substances are illegal.|
|Venezuela||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||As of 15 September 2010 possession of up to 20 grams of Marijuana or 5 grams of genetically modified Marijuana, if proven not to be for medical or personal consumption, is punishable by 1 to 2 years in prison at judge's discretion. If deemed to be for personal consumption, the user is subject to security measures involving rehabilitation and detoxification procedures. Articulos 131 y 153 de la Ley Organica de Drogas.|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to an ounce||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal|||
- Illegal drug trade
- Legal and medical status of cannabis
- Legality of cannabis
- Annual cannabis use by country
- International Narcotics Control Board
- 1946 Lake Success Protocol
- Victimless crime
- Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
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