Legality of cannabis by country
The legality of cannabis for general or recreational use varies from country to country. Possession of cannabis is illegal in most countries, and has been since the beginning of the widespread cannabis prohibition in the late 1930s. However, many countries have decriminalized the possession of small quantities of cannabis, particularly in North America, South America, and Europe. Furthermore, possession is legal or effectively legal in the Netherlands, North Korea (reportedly), and the U.S. states of Washington and Colorado at the state level (on 28 May 2013, Colorado became the world's first fully regulated recreational cannabis market for adults). A larger number of countries have decriminalized or legalized cannabis. On 10 December 2013, Uruguay became the first country in the world to fully legalize the sale, production and distribution of marijuana.
|Albania||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal|| Albania is one of Europe's greatest producers of cannabis.|
|Algeria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal|
|Argentina||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Legal for personal use in small amounts and for consumption in private locations. Public consumption is generally accepted among young adults. Consumption for medical purposes is accepted but not legislated (only in private locations). Cultivating, selling and transporting large amounts is illegal and punishable by present laws.|
|Australia||Illegal (decriminalized in some states)||Illegal||Illegal||One or two plants may be privately grown for personal use in the Australian Capital Territory and South Australia. Personal grows of up to two plants are decriminalized in the Northern Territory.||Australian Capital Territory, South Australia and the Northern Territory. It is a criminal offence in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. In SA a person can legally grow 1 non-hydroponic plant, and in the ACT 2 non-hydroponic plants may be grown on their own property for personal use, and in the N.T two non-hydroponic plants can be fined $200 with 28 days to pay rather than face criminal charge. Enforcement varies from state to state, though a criminal conviction for possession of a small amount is unlikely and diversion programs in these states aim to divert offenders into education, assessment and treatment programs. With the rapid expansion in hydroponically grown cannabis cultivation, the Australian Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act (1985) was amended in 2006, reducing the amount of cannabis grown indoors under hydroponic conditions that qualifies as a 'commercial quantity' or as a 'large quantity'Decriminalized for personal use in small amounts in the|
|Austria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession (which includes the act of smoking) is punishable by prison time of up to 1 year (option of alternative therapy and subsequent waiving of sentence) If it was possessed for personal use the penalty is only up to half a year|
|Belgium||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||For adults over the age of 18, in Belgium, consumption in one's home and possession of quantities of up to 3 grams or one female plant is tolerated.|
|Belize||Illegal, but mostly tolerated||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis use in Belize is common and largely tolerated; however, possession can result in fines or imprisonment. In 2012, the Government of Belize announced that it was considering decriminalizing possession of 10 grams or less.|
|Bolivia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal.|
|Botswana||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis (or Dagga) is illegal, but this is often unenforced.|
|Brazil||Illegal, but mostly tolerated||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||The possession of illegal drugs in Brazil, for personal consumption, entails a warning, community service and education on the effects of drug use. The same applies for the planting and/or preparation of small amounts of any illegal drug.
Selling and transportation of any illegal drugs, as well as the possession or cultivation of larger amounts is characterized as drug trafficking, a criminal act punished with 5 to 15 years in prison and a significant fine.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||All cannabis is illegal|
|Bulgaria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is class A (High-risk) drug, together with Heroin, Cocaine, Amphetamines and MDMA (ecstasy). Until 2004 a loosely defined "personal dose" existed. Since 2006, after the last amendment of the Penal Code, the penalty for possession is 1 to 6 years in prison and a fine between 1,000 and 5,000 euros. For possession with an aim of distribution (drug-dealing) the sentence can range from 2 to 8 years for small amounts, through 3 to 12 years for large amounts, up to 5 to 15 years when executed by an organized criminal group. In these cases the maximum fine to be determined together with the prison time is 50,000 euros. Growing is punishable by 2 to 5 years and a fine up to 5,000 euros. The organizer of a growers group can receive from 10 to 20 years and has to pay a fine up to 100,000 euros and a participant in such a group – 3 to 10 years in prison and a fine of 2,500 to 5,000 euros. Bulgarian Penal Code (translation requested)|
|Cambodia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||While technically illegal, the use of cannabis is widespread among the Khmer people and foreigners visiting the country. Marijuana can easily be purchased and smoked in public areas without the threat of arrest. Many "Happy" restaurants located in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville publicly offer food cooked with marijuana, or as a side garnish.|
(Legal for medical and industrial use with a government issued licence)
|Illegal||Illegal (Legal for medical and industrial deliveries to doctors)||Illegal (1 or more plants) unless in possession of a government issued licence to grow for medical purposes||
see Legislation: "Controlled Drugs and Substances Act"
|Chile||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Personal consumption, possession and cultivation (of any drug) is decriminalized when in private locations.|
|People's Republic of China||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is cultivated for its seeds and for fiber, and has a long medicinal history.|
|Colombia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Since 1994, cannabis has been decriminalized for possession of small amounts up to 22 gram for personal consumption, however sale and cultivation remains illegal.|
|Comoros||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis was legal during the Comorian historical period between January 1975 and May 1978, when president Ali Soilih legalized cannabis consumption among other measures|
|Costa Rica||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is illegal but there is a high tolerance of smoking marijuana throughout the country, a decriminalization system is implemented de facto since police officers do not detain people carrying enough for only personal consumption, yet no amount has been defined as a minimum for possession. Usage of Cannabis in Costa Rica is very high.|
|Croatia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||From 2013 there is distinction in the Croatian penal code between various illegal substances, they are now separated on heavy drugs and light drugs like Marijuana. According to the law, growing or selling cannabis is considered a felony punishable by a mandatory prison sentence (three years minimum) and from 2013 the possession of small amount of marijuana and other light drugs is a misdemeanor which leads to a fine of 5000–20000kn ($800–3500) depending on the case in question. In all cases the cannabis must be confiscated.|
|Cyprus||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Class B substance – life imprisonment is possible for use and maximum 8 years for possession (maximum 2 yrs for first offence for under 25 yr old). In practice, warning may be given to a minor unconscious first offender.|
|Czech Republic||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (purchase legal; sale of medical cannabis legal)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)|| Medical use of cannabis on prescription has been legal and regulated since 1 April 2013.Possession of up to fifteen grams for personal use or cultivation of up to five plants is merely a misdemeanor. Popular destination for smokers.|
|Denmark||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||As with all drugs, cannabis-related offences are punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years Freetown Christiania, a self-declared autonomous region, is known for its cannabis trade.|
|Dominica||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Class B drug to cultivate, sell or possess|
|Ecuador||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is not illegal, defined by Law 108. Possession of under 10 grams is considered personal use and it is legal and not punished.|
|Egypt||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Technically illegal. However, use is widespread and part of every day culture. Convictions are very rare for personal use . Formerly a plant of high status, with several documented medicinal uses in ancient times, cannabis was made illegal in 1925 with the League of Nations’ Geneva International Convention on Narcotic Control, and has been aggressively targeted at various points since then.|
|Estonia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Up to 10 grams is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine. Large amounts and distribution are criminal offences, and are punishable with a fine or by up to 5 years in prison.|
|Ethiopia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Despite being the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement, possession of cannabis can result in up to 6 months imprisonment.|
|Finland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Extremely limited group of medicinal users (12 people as of 31 January 2010) are permitted to purchase Sativex mouth spray from one special pharmacy in the city of Turku.|
|France||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cultivating, selling, owning or consuming cannabis is prohibited. However, legislation was enacted in June 2013 permitting the sale of medications containing cannabis derivatives.|
|Germany||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||The possession is illegal, while consumption itself is legal on the basis of it being considered self-harm, which is not considered a crime. The possession of small amounts is prosecuted, but charges are virtually always dropped. The definition of this "small amount" varies depending on the federal state, the state of Berlin being the most liberal, allowing 15 grams for personal use in most cases, while most states do not prosecute up to 6 grams.|
|Greece||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession or use of even small amounts is illegal in Greece. Individuals are arrested, although rarely convicted by court. Possession of large quantities may lead to several years in prison.
The Government was said to be preparing a bill that would decriminalize the use of drugs in August 2011, but finally the legislation was not changed at all.
|Honduras||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||The possession, sale, transportation and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in Honduras.|
|Hungary||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||There is no distinction in Hungarian law between illicit drugs according to dangers. Heroin use has the same legal consequences as cannabis use. Hungarian law prohibits the distribution, and any use (including medical use). However the Penal code distinguishes the punishment between sale and personal use. 283. § (1) paragraph (a) states that "One cannot be punished for drug misuse; if a small, personal amount is produced, acquired, or in possession..." and continues to state that "... provided that before final verdict is determined a verification is provided that continuous 6-month therapy has taken place" The law determines that a "personal quantity" is defined as 1 gram of active substance (i.e. THC), therefore this equates to 12–100 grams of marijuana if calculated that marijuana contains 1–8% THC per unit mass. Possession of larger amounts can lead to a 5–10-year prison sentence.|
|Iceland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Consumption is illegal even in small amounts. Possession, sale, transportation and cultivation could result in jail time. Possession is not strictly enforced. Heavy fines are given.|
|Indonesia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Minimum sentence of four years in prison (additional fines may apply) if caught in possession. However, if the user voluntarily reports himself/herself to the police, or is reported by his/her family, the charges will be dropped in accordance to 2009 Narcotics Act, article 24 paragraph 2, 3, 4.|
|India||Illegal/Legal (Regulated by Government)||Illegal (Legal with government permission/licence)||Illegal||Illegal (Legal with government permission/licence)||Used during observance of certain Hindu rituals. Government-owned shops in holy cities like Varanasi sell cannabis in the form of bhang. Despite the high prevalent usage, the law makes it illegal to possess any form of the psychoactive. However, this law is rarely enforced and treated as a low priority across India. Further, large tracts of cannabis grow unchecked in the wild in many parts of northern and southern India in many states such as West Bengal, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamilnadu. Many states such as West Bengal, Tripura, and the North East have their own laws allowing cannabis, locally known as ganja.|
|Iran||Illegal (decriminalized)||Regulated: Legal, Unregulated: Illegal||Illegal||Legal||Growing cannabis is legal if planted for food purposes as the seeds are eaten by the Iranian people, and companies often draw oil from the seeds which is sold legally.[unreliable source?] Use of cannabis remains relatively low, at about 2 percent.|
|Ireland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||In October 2013 a bill was presented to the Irish government by TD Luke 'Ming' Flanagan to legalize Cannabis in the country. However the Cannabis Regulation Bill 2013 was defeated by a margin of 111–8 in Dáil Éireann on 6 November.|
|Israel||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Very small scale of legal usage of medicinal cannabis. However, personal use is relatively decriminalized with little to no penalties for convicted first time violators.|
|Italy||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession of small amounts for personal use is a misdemeanor subject to fines and the suspension of documents (passports and/or drivers licenses). The sale of cannabis products is illegal and punishable by imprisonment; cultivation is likewise punishable by imprisonment, even if in small amounts and for exclusive personal use. Licensed cultivation for medical and industrial use is strictly regulated.|
|Jamaica||Illegal (tentatively decriminalized)||Illegal (tentatively decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Cultivation, retail and consumption is illegal. However this is often overlooked and cannabis is sold openly. As of 8 October 2013, the House of Representatives has passed a motion to decriminalise the drug.|
|Japan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is punishable by up to five years in prison. Importing or selling cannabis is punishable by up to 10 years imprisonment and up to 30 million yen.|
|Jordan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal and may be punishable by prison sentence.|
|Laos||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||As of 2009, a mandatory death penalty is applied for certain cases.|
|Latvia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is illegal in Latvia. Possession of larger quantities can be punished with up to 15 years in prison.|
|Lebanon||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is illegal. However, large amounts are grown within the country and personal use, as long as not in public is not a major issue.|
|Luxembourg||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession, transportation and consumption are illegal. Prosecution depends on the amount of cannabis one possesses. Since 2001, prison penalty has been substituted by a monetary fine ranging from 250 to 2500 Euros.|
|Macedonia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||If one possesses a larger amount, a jail sentence of anywhere from three months to five years could possibly be given.|
|Malaysia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Malaysian legislation provides for a mandatory death penalty for convicted drug traffickers. Individuals arrested in possession of 15 grams (1/2 ounce) of heroin or 200 grams (seven ounces) of marijuana are presumed by law to be trafficking in drugs.|
|Malta||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Chapter 101 of Maltese law (Dangerous Drugs Ordinance) does not specify amounts considered to indicated differences between possession and trafficking (persons with as little as three grammes of cannabis have been charged with dealing) and treats all illegal drugs the same. Penalties for trafficking any illegal drug range between four years and a life sentence and a fine between 2,329.37 Euro and 116,468.67 Euro. Penalties for possession are between 12 months to ten years imprisonment and 465.87 Euro and 23,293.73 Euro in fines. Although prosecution is unlikely, the sale and consumption of cannabis is widely found in Malta.|
|Mexico||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal|| Growing and selling Cannabis is illegal.On 21 August 2009 Mexico decriminalized "personal use" possession of up to five grams of Cannabis.|
|Nepal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Marijuana and its derivatives, such as Hashish, are widely available throughout Nepal.|
|Netherlands||Legal (the police have the right to confiscate)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (but for coffee shops and pubs not enforced)||Illegal (exceptions for personal use)||"coffeeshops", other types of sales and possession are not permitted, although the general legal approach toward cannabis was before de facto decriminalization.Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local|
Cultivation, possession or sale of cannabis is illegal. The fruit, seeds, and any other part of the plant are scheduled as Class C substances. Hashish, hash oil, THC, and any other preparations containing THC made by processing the plant are scheduled as Class B substances. In July 2009, a bill promoted by Green Party co-leader Metiria Turei amending the law to permit the use of medicinal cannabis was defeated 84–34 at its first reading, with all members of the ruling National Party voting against it.
|North Korea||Unknown (apparently widely tolerated or legal)||Unknown (apparently widely tolerated or legal)||Unknown (apparently widely tolerated or legal)||Unknown (apparently widely tolerated or legal)||Numerous reports and experts state that Cannabis is not treated as an illegal drug by the North Korean government. It is unclear if Cannabis is actually legal in North Korea, but the use, sale, and cultivation of Cannabis appears to be widespread and conducted openly without prosecution. However little is certain about Cannabis prosecutions, or lack thereof, in the country.|
|Norway||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Up to 15 grams is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine of 1500-15000 kroner in the case of first-time offenders; possessing more is considered dealing and punished more harshly. Repeat offenders or dealers face prison charges. It's the same punishment with between 6 months and 2 years for personal use, and between 6 months and 21 years for selling in prison for all narcotics.|
|Pakistan||Illegal, but mostly tolerated||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Laws prohibiting the sale and misuse of cannabis exist, but are very rarely enforced. As with hash, the occasional use of cannabis in community gatherings is broadly tolerated as a centuries old custom, despite its association with lower-income groups. The open use of cannabis by Sufis and Hindus as a means to induce euphoria has never been challenged by the state. Further, large tracts of cannabis grow unchecked in the wild.|
Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Panama are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
|Peru||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession is not illegal, defined by Art. 299. Possession of under 8 grams is considered personal use and it is legal and not punished.|
|Philippines||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002, makes provision for restricted medical use.|
|Poland||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||On 26 May 2011, Poland introduced legislation to terminate the prosecution for possession of small amounts of drugs for personal use. The law introduces the possibility when a person has negligible amounts of drugs for personal use and is not a dealer. But this is only theory, in practice it's still illegal. The legislation raised the maximum possible penalty for placing a large number of drugs from 10 to 12 years in prison. However, for possession of large quantities of drugs would result up to 10 years in prison (previously up to 8 years).|
|Portugal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||In 2001, Portugal became the first country in the world to decriminalize the use of all drugs, and started treating drug users as sick people, instead of criminals, although you can be arrested or assigned mandatory rehab if caught several times in possession. See Drug policy of Portugal|
|Puerto Rico||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||See United States|
|Romania||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Romania was (before 1990) a leader in hemp fiber, second only to China. However, possession of small quantities of drug preparations is punishable by a small fine of about $150–200 USD. Possession of large amounts may result in 3–6 years of jail time, and sale may result in more than 6 years jail time. Decriminalization proposed. Medical use is legal under certain conditions.|
|Russia||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal (decriminalized)||Possession or transport of up to 6 grams (dry weight) of cannabis or 2 grams of hashish with no sale intent is punishable by fine. Possession or transport of more than this amount is punishable by prison term.
Cultivation of less than 20 cannabis plants is decriminalized (punishable by fine) since 2010. Plant itself is illegal. Cannabis seeds contain no controlled substances and are not regulated.
|Saudi Arabia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Use and possession for personal use of any kind of recreational drugs is punishable by imprisonment if caught. Imprisonment for personal use could go up to six months jail time or more. Dealing and smuggling of high amounts of drugs usually result in harsher prison time or even execution, although recently executions are rare. Foreigners who use drugs might be deported.|
|Singapore||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is a Class A drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act, making it illegal to cultivate, sell or possess.|
|Slovakia||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Possession or use of small amounts of Cannabis is punishable by up to three years in prison. In April 2012, The Wall Street Journal reported that Robert Fico, the incoming Slovak prime minister, might push for partial legalisation of Cannabis possession, and has argued for the legalisation of possession of up to three doses of Cannabis for personal use.|
|South Korea||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis "is illegal in South Korea." South Koreans can be prosecuted in South Korea for use of cannabis in other countries as well, as happened to a South Korean-American hip hop artist who will "spend eight long months in a [South] Korean prison" for his cannabis use while in the U.S.|
|Spain||Illegal (decriminalized)||Illegal||Illegal||Legal||Selling cannabis is a criminal offence punishable by law at any quantity. Buying anywhere, possession and consumption at a public place constitutes a misdemeanour and is penalized with a fine and confiscation. Growing the plant on private property for personal use, and consumption by adults in a private space is legal.|
|Sri Lanka||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is illegal in Sri Lanka though it is commonly used in Ayurvedic traditional medicines.|
|Sweden||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Though regionally and in certain circles "street legal" it is still illegal to sell, transfer, purchase, use or possess any quantity of cannabis in Sweden. Social stigmatisation through social rejection and exclusion from the labourmarket and social services are the most common sanctions in matters regarding personal use. The national police runs a "disturb and annoy" program aimed at users supported by the national "zero tolerance" policy. .|
Cannabis is decriminalized for possession, sale or transport is Illegal but cultivation is legal in a private property only. However, usually only the minimum penalty is imposed for possession and personal use, even for larger amounts. The federal council has committed to implement changes as to decriminalization of personal use and possession already in 2001, and the parliament is currently tasked to tender concrete approaches. As nothing is coming forth on a parliamentary basis, a referendum was launched in 2008.
As of 1 January 2012, the cantons Vaud, Neuchatel, Geneva and Fribourg have allowed the growing and cultivation of up to 4 cannabis plants per person, in an attempt to curb illegal street trafficking.
|Syria||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Under the policies of the government of Bashar al-Assad, many cannabis offences, from simple use to trafficking, reportedly often carried a sentence of life imprisonment. As the country has become destabilised as a result of civil war, people living in areas controlled by Kurdish separatists have begun growing cannabis as a way of making money to fight poverty.|
|Republic of China (Taiwan)||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Cannabis is a schedule 2 narcotic in the ROC, and possession can result in up to three years imprisonment.|
|Turkey||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Consuming any drug (personal use or not) is illegal and requires juridical process. Possessing, purchasing or receiving any illegal drug, including Cannabis, is punishable by 1–2 years in prison; there is also the option of treatment and/or probation for up to three years. If users refuse treatment or do not comply with probation requirements, the courts can decide on sentencing. Sale and supply is punishable by a prison term of 5–10 years, and production or trafficking by a minimum term of 10 years.|
|United Arab Emirates||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Even the smallest amounts of the drug can lead to a mandatory four-year prison sentence.|
Cannabis is a Class B drug (moderate risk) in the UK. Police enforcement actions vary from county to county but possession of less than 3 grams is unlikely to result in any more than a mere confiscation and a written warning for the first two cannabis possession offences.
|United States||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level in Colorado and Washington decriminalized in 14 states, medicinal legal in 20 states and DC)||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level with a state issued license in Colorado and will be legal mid-2014 in Washington . Legal medicinal sales in several additional states.)||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level within the states of Colorado, and Washington. Legal for medicinal patients in several additional states. )||Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level for individuals/commercial in Colorado and commercially in Washington mid-2014. Medicinal growing is legal in several states as well.)||
Laws vary by state. Federal law classifies cannabis as a Schedule I substance, the same classification as heroin. The United States Supreme Court has ruled in Gonzales v. Raich that the federal government has the power to regulate and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes.
|Ukraine||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||"Cannabis is a schedule 2 narcotic in Ukraine, and possession can result in up to 3 years imprisonment."|
Possession for personal use not penalized; law does not specify quantity for "personal amount".
As of 10 December 2013, the House of Representatives and Senate passed a bill legalizing and regulating the production and sale of the drug. The law will go into effect in 120 days from its passing.
|Uzbekistan||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Opiates, cannabis and other plants containing psychotropic substances are illegal.|
|Venezuela||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||Illegal||As of 15 September 2010 possession of up to 20 grams of Marijuana or 5 grams of genetically modified Marijuana, if proven not to be for medical or personal consumption, is punishable by 1 to 2 years in prison at judge's discretion. If deemed to be for personal consumption, the user is subject to security measures involving rehabilitation and detoxification procedures. Articulos 131 y 153 de la Ley Organica de Drogas.|
- Illegal drug trade
- Legal and medical status of cannabis
- Legality of cannabis
- Annual cannabis use by country
- International Narcotics Control Board
- 1946 Lake Success Protocol
- Victimless crime
- Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
- "Why is Marijuana Illegal?". drugwarrant.com. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
- Stuart, Hunter (10 October 2013). "When It Comes To Marijuana, North Korea Appears To Have Liberal Policy Of Tolerance". Huffington Post (New York, NY: HuffingtonPost.com, Inc.). OCLC 268958614.
- David Knowles (28 May 2013). "Colorado becomes world's first legal, fully regulated market for recreational marijuana as it anticipates millions in tax revenues". New York Daily News. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- Information on the official web site of the Hong Kong Police Force, Police.gov.hk, retrieved 2011-12-14
- Uruguay legalizes sale and production of Marijuana, rt.com, 2013-12-11, retrieved 2013-12-11
- Cannabis laws: Learn about the legal status of cannabis in countries around the world, Everyone does it, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Growing marijuana is an increasing regional problem, SETimes.com, 7 August 2012, retrieved 2013-04-18
- Report Says Albania Cannabis Growth Mounting, balkaninsight.com, 7 March 2013, retrieved 2013-04-18
- Albanian Police Seize Cannabis Shipment, balkaninsight.com
- Cannabis Resin Seizures in Algeria
- "Argentina court ruling decriminalizes marijuana and makes personal use a constitutional right", Daily News (New York: nydailynews.com), 26 August 2009, retrieved 2010-03-04
- "Australia's cannabis laws". The Age (Melbourne). 23 May 2003.
- NCPIC Cannabis and the Law Factsheet, ncpic.org.au
- Suchtmittelgesetz §27, Rechtsinformationssystem des Bundeskanzleramts, retrieved 2009-05-17
- Cannabis legal status vault – Belgium, Erowid.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Hubbard, Kirsten. "Drug Laws and Penalties in Central America". About.com. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Decriminalization of Marijuana". Government of Belize. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- Cannabis South American laws, Erowid.org, March 1995
- Drugs and related substances act no. 18 of 1992, Government of Botswana, retrieved 2013-10-03
- Is dagga the healing of a nation?, Sunday Standard, retrieved 2013-10-03
- Law 11.343, planalto.gov.br
- Ясен Люцканов, Еднократна доза закони, Segabg.com, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Cannabis Cambodia: smoker's paradise, Cannabisculture.com, 1 November 1998, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Siem Reap marijuana prices, and where to buy weed in Cambodia, Webehigh.com, 26 May 2009, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Happy Restuarants (sic) in Sihanoukville, GoSihanoukville.com, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, retrieved 2011-10-01
- Taxonomic studies of Cannabis in China, Hempfood.com, archived from the original on 9 August 2012, retrieved 2011-02-17
- La dosis mínima no podrá ser penalizada, dice Corte Constitucional, noticiascaracol.com, 28 June 2012
- Dossiers sur les 30 Chefs d'Etat ou de Gouvernements tués(French)
- Transition, 73 – The Mercenary Position, jstor.org
- Chinchilla ve complicado legalizar la marihuana – EL PAÍS – La Nación, Nacion.com, 24 August 2010, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Puerto Viejo, Cahuita Marijuana prices and where to buy weed in Costa Rica, Webehigh.com, retrieved 2011-02-17
- http://www.zakon.hr/z/293/Zakon-o-suzbijanju-zlouporabe-droga Violation Law
- Cuban Penal Code, Florida State University, retrieved 2012-11-05
- "Legal topic overviews: possession of cannabis for personal use", EMCCDA, retrieved 3 December 2012
- The Next Amsterdam – Culture Magazine, Ireadculture.com, retrieved 2011-12-14
- Carney, Sean (8 December 2009), Wall Street Journal. Czech Govt Allows 5 Cannabis Plants For Personal Use From 2010. 8th December 2009, Blogs.wsj.com, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "Czech Republic Pharmacies Began Selling Medical Cannabis". The420times.com. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Czech Republic Legalizes Medical Marijuana Use". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- Denmark marijuana laws – cannabis growing and marijuana seeds, 1stmarijuanagrowerspage.com, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Drugs (Prevention of Misuse) Act, Chapter 40:07 (PDF), retrieved 2011-02-17
- Ecuador, Drug Law Reform in Latin America, retrieved 2011-01-31
- Law 108 – Ecuador, retrieved 2011-01-31
- US Embassy, Ecuador – Information for American Citizens, retrieved 2011-01-31
- [dead link]
- Lama Hasan (5 May 2010), Egypt's Pot Problem? A Marijuana Shortage, ABC News, retrieved 2011-01-31
- Seshata, Cannabis in Egypt, The Sensi Seed Bank, retrieved 2014-01-20
- Europe Guide : Maps of Europe by language, religion, population density, hair & eye color, etc, Eupedia.com, 19 April 1994, retrieved 2011-02-17
- US warns American Rastas about Ethiopian laws, iol.co.za, 29 January 2005, retrieved 2011-10-08
- Lääkekannabiksen käyttö puhuttaa | Turku, yle.fi, 30 March 2010, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Code de la santé publique (in French), Legifrance.gouv.fr, 29 July 2004, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Marie Jamet (6 November 2013). "Legalising or decriminalizing cannabis in France: not that easy". Euronews. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- Ann Törnkvist (10 June 2013). "French law on pot-based medicine takes effect". The Local. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Bundesland-Vergleich der Richtlinien zur Anwendung des § 31a BtMG". Hanfverband.de. 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
- Ελληνική νομοθεσία για κάνναβη (Greek Law on cannabis) (in Greek), mastouria.informe.com, 27 May 2007, retrieved 2011-08-10
- Bill to decriminalize use of drugs, ekathimerini.com, 3 August 2011, retrieved 2011-08-10
- LEY SOBRE USO INDEBIDO Y TRAFICO ILICITO DE DROGAS Y SUSTANCIAS PSICOTROPICAS
- Minstrel, Társaság a Szabadságjogokért: Drogjog 1999VOTED VOTE D2ID : 62, Daath.hu, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Lög um ávana- og fíkniefni 1974 nr. 65 21. maí, www.althingi.is, retrieved 2009-02-09
- "Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. 35 Tahun 2009 tentang Narkotika". BNN RI. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- Sharma, Anil (4 November 2007). "Starting the day with the cup that kicks". Udaipur: Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2008-03-24. "At six in the morning, people begin slowly trooping into government-run bhang shops in the district for the drink, made from the leaves of cannabis that grows wild in many parts of northern India."
- Tehran, Iran, Webehigh.com, retrieved 2013-04-18
- Iranian Youth Gets The Facts About Drugs, UNODC, 7 November 2010, retrieved 2013-04-18
- "Ireland ‘ready for legalisation of cannabis’". Irish Times. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- Drug Offences, Dublin: Citizens Information Board, 2 June 2011, retrieved 2011-06-02
- "Legalisation of cannabis motion defeated in Dáil". RTE. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- Cannabis legal status vault – Israel, Erowid.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Results of popular referendum (in Italian)
- Lawmakers Give Nod To Decriminalisation Of Ganja –, The Gleaner, retrieved 2013-10-25
- 大麻取締法, Nco.go.jp, retrieved 2011-02-17
- When marijuana is legal, Jordan Times, 15 October 2010, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Human Rights Watch (22 June 2009). "End the Death Penalty for Drug-Related Offenses". Cannabis Culture. Cannabis Culture Magazine. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- James Meikle (20 January 2010). "Briton returned to UK after Laos drug sentence loses battle to be freed". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- "Par Krimināllikuma spēkā stāšanās un piemērošanas kārtību" (in Latvian). likumi.lv. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- In Lebanon, a comeback for cannabis / The Christian Science Monitor, CSMonitor.com, 16 October 2007, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Lithuania's marijuana cannabis law, 1stmarijuanagrowerspage.com, 23 April 2003, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "Art. 7 and Art. 8 refer to the usage of narcotics", Excerpt of the "Mémorial A" of the Luxembourgish legislation
- European Coalition for Just and Effective Drug Policies, Encod.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Malaysia, Travel.state.gov, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Laws of Malta, Dangerous Drugs Ordinance, Malta Ministry of Justice
- "Mexico Legalizes Drug Possession". The New York Times. 21 August 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- Projekti – Zakonodavstvo, Stop drogama, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Use drop-down menu on site to view Netherlands entry.), Eldd.emcdda.europa.eu, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Drugs Policy in the Netherlands, Ukcia.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "Amsterdam Will Ban Tourists from Pot Coffee Shops". Atlantic Wire. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-23.
- Cannabis legal status vault – New Zealand, Erowid.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "Schedule 3: Class C controlled drugs", Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 No 116 (as at 08 September 2011), Public Act (Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office/Te Tari Tohutohu Pāremata), 8 September 2011, Part 1 clause 1, retrieved 26 February 2012
- "Schedule 2: Class B controlled drugs", Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 No 116 (as at 08 September 2011), Public Act (Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office/Te Tari Tohutohu Pāremata), 8 September 2011, Part 1 clause 1, retrieved 26 February 2012
- "Medicinal use of cannabis bill defeated". New Zealand: TVNZ. NZPA. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Amendment Bill – First Reading". Hansard (Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand House of Representatives) 655: 4850. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "Mildere straff for hasjbesittelse" (in Norwegian). Norway: VG Nett. 2006-07-20.
- Cannabis legal status vault – Pakistan/Peshawar, Erowid.org
- "Panama". Travel.state.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
- "Modificando el Código Penal en materia de Tráfico Ilícito de Drogas". Instituto de Defensa Legal – Seguridad Ciudadana. Archived from the original on 2012-10-15.
- "Ley Nº 28002".
- "Código Penal. Decreto Legislativo Nº 635".
- R.a. 9165, Lawphil.net, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Drugs in small quantity and for personal use with no punishment – Poland, Interia.pl, 26 May 2011, retrieved 2011-05-29
- EMCDDA:Drug policy profiles, Portugal, Emcdda.europa.eu, 17 August 2011, retrieved 2011-12-14
- Cannabis legal status vault – Romania, Erowid.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Raport pentru EBA: Comisia prezidenţială susţine dezincriminarea consumului de droguri şi sexul comercial, Antena3.ro, 22 September 2009, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "ANM: Nu avem nicio cerere de punere pe piaţă a canabisului medicinal; dacă ar fi, am aproba-o". Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Criminal code of Russia, article 228
- Chronicles From Moscow: The Drug Situation in Russia, Cannabisculture.com, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Постановление Правительства РФ от 01.10.2012 N 1002 "Об утверждении значительного, крупного и особо крупного размеров наркотических средств и психотропных веществ, а также значительного, крупного и особо крупного размеров для растений, содержащих наркотические средства или психотропные вещества, либо их частей, содержащих наркотические средства или психотропные вещества, для целей статей 228, 228.1, 229 и 229.1 Уголовного кодекса Российской Федерации"
- Федеральный закон от 19 мая 2010 г. N 87-ФЗ "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации по вопросу культивирования растений, содержащих наркотические средства или психотропные вещества либо их прекурсоры"
- Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации от 3 сентября 2004 г. N 454 "О запрещении культивирования на территории Российской Федерации растений, содержащих наркотические вещества"
- Ст. 231 УК РФ
- Статья 10.5.1 КОАП РФ
- US Department of State – International Travel – Saudi Arabia, Travel.state.gov, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Marihuana Zakon – Srbija i Crna Gora, Vutra.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Cannabis legal status vault – Singapore, Erowid.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "High contrast". The Economist (London: Economist Newspaper). 26 August 2010. ISSN 0013-0613. OCLC 60625410. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Rousek, Leos (3 April 2012). "Slovakia's Incoming Leftist Premier Wants to Relax Tough Cannabis Laws". The Wall Street Journal (New York, NY: Dow Jones). ISSN 0099-9660. OCLC 43638285. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "Drugs and Drug Trafficking Act, 1992" (PDF). Government Gazette (Pretoria: South Africa State Library) 329 (14143): 3–71. 15 July 1992. ISSN 0250-4391. OCLC 5351746. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- South Korean Pro Gamer Arrested in a Drug Bust
- Korean Rapper Gets Prison Sentence for Smoking Marijuana in the US
- "Is Cannabis Legal in Spain?". Gospain.about.com. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- Marijuana Should be Allowed; Sri Lanka Indigenous Medicine Minister Says :: NIDAHASA News, News.nidahasa.com, 2 July 2009, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Swedish drug control FINAL_14feb_merged (PDF), retrieved 2011-02-17
- RättsPM 2009:1 (in Swedish), Åklagarmyndighetens Utvecklngscentrum, 2009
- Bundesgesetz vom 3. Oktober 1951 über die Betäubungsmittel und die psychotropen Stoffe (Betäubungsmittelgesetz, BetmG), Admin.ch, 12 June 1981, retrieved 2011-02-17
- de:Eidgenössische Volksinitiative «für eine vernünftige Hanf-Politik mit wirksamem Jugendschutz»
- Ian Sparks (17 November 2011), Swiss cannabis smokers to be allowed to grow four marijuana plants each (to stop them buying drugs illegally), Dailymail.co.uk, retrieved 2012-02-26
- Ahmad, Rozh (24 August 2012). "http://www.rudaw.net/english/news/syria/5123.html". Rudaw. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
- Cannabis legal status vault – Taiwan, Erowid.org, retrieved 2011-02-17
- The Rough Guide to Tunisia – Daniel Jacobs, Peter Morris – Google grâmatas. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Tunisia accuses 'missing' Maltese of smuggling cannabis". timesofmalta.com. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (31 January 2012), Country overview: Turkey, Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, OCLC 527925326
- "UAE Drug Laws". BBC News. 8 February 2008. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- Легалізуй себе! | тут змінюється наркополітика, Legalize.in.ua, 20 April 2008, retrieved 2011-02-17
- "The experiment: Another blow against prohibition". The Economist. 1 August 2013.
- "Uruguay becomes first country to legalize marijuana trade". Reuters. 10 December 2013.
- "Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek). The national database of legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Ley Orgánica de Drogas – Sept.10 (PDF), retrieved 2011-02-17
- Vietnam police seize eight tons of marijuana, The China Post, 16 May 2008, retrieved 2011-02-17
- Zimbabwe: Police Intercept Four Tonnes of Marijuana, All Africa, 16 January 2013, retrieved 2013-09-11
- Where marijuana is grown and smoked freely, News Day, 9 March 2013, retrieved 2013-09-11