Campaign history of the Roman military
|Active||- August 476|
|Part of||Roman Legion|
|Equipment||Gladius, Scutum, Galea|
|Senatus popolusque romanus and
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|Titles and honours|
|Precedent and law|
From Augustus, the emperor gave the title of legatus legionis to senior commanders (former Tribunes) of a legion, except in Egypt and Mesopotamia, where the legions were commanded by a praefectus legionis of an equestrian rank. The legatus legionis was under the supreme command of Legatus Augusti pro praetore of senatorial rank. If the province was defended by a single legion, the Legatus Augusti pro praetor was also in direct command of the legion.
The senatorial legatus legionis was removed from the Roman army by Gallienus, who preferred to entrust the command of a legionary unit to a leader chosen from within the equestrian order who had a long military career.
In popular culture
- Most famously, on Maximus' left arm in the movie Gladiator. As a slave, he removes it using a sharp instrument (possibly a sharpened stone) as he feels betrayed by the leaders of Legatus legionis.
- The book Voluptas by Jonathan Shane O'Brien contains a character, Vincent, who is a legatus legionis.
- The book When the Eagle Hunts by Simon Scarrow features General Vespasian (who became Emperor in 69 AD), when he served as legatus legionis in Britain.
- In Fallout: New Vegas, the Legate Lanius was a Legatus Legionis.
- In The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim Legate Rikke is a Legatus Legionis.
- EB Thomasson, Legatus: Beiträge zur römischen Verwaltungsgeschichte, Stockholm, Göteborg, 1991
- Sir William Smith, A dictionary of Greek and Roman antiquities, Volume 1, Ed. William Wayte and George Eden Marindin, 3rd Edition, J. Murray, 1901 
- L. Keppie, The Making of the Roman Army, from Republic to Empire, 1984.
- Smith (1901) Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities Vol. 1. Books.google.com. 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
- "Roman Legion". Unrv.com. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
- "The Roman Army Essay". Exampleessays.com. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
- "Voluptas (9780982188200): Jonathan Shane O'Brien: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
- A dictionary of Greek and Roman ... - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2011-04-16.