Legendary kings of Magadha

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The Magadha empire was established very likely by semi-mythical king Jarasandha who was, as it stated in the Puranas, a son of Brihadratha, one of the descendants of eponymical Puru. Jarasandha appears in the Mahabharatha as the "Magadhan Emperor who rules all India" and meets with an unceremonious ending. His descendants, according to the Vayu Purana, ruled Magadha for 1000 years followed by the Pradyota dynasty which ruled for 138 years. However, no sufficient evidence to prove the historicity of this claim. However, these rulers are mentioned in the Hindu texts, Buddhist texts and Jaina texts.

King Bimbisara, also known as King Shrenik, ruled this kingdom from 543-491 BC and belonged to the Hariyanka dynasty.

Kings in the Vayu Purana[edit]

The list of legendary kings of Magadha according to the Vayu Purana are as follows

Reign of Magadhan Kings (Brihadratha Dynasty or chandravansi)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Brihadratha ? ? ? ?
Jarasandha 1760 BC 1718 BC ? ?
Sahadeva 1718 BC 1676 BC ? ?
Somapi 1676 BC 1618 BC 3009 BC 2951 BC
Srutasravas 1618 BC 1551 BC 2951 BC 2884 BC
Ayutayus 1551 BC 1515 BC 2884 BC 2848 BC
Niramitra 1515 BC 1415 BC 2848 BC 2748 BC
Sukshatra 1415 BC 1407 BC 2748 BC 2740 BC
Brihatkarman 1407 BC 1384 BC 2740 BC 2717 BC
Senajit 1384 BC 1361 BC 2717 BC 2694 BC
Srutanjaya 1361 BC 1321 BC 2694 BC 2654 BC
Vipra 1321 BC 1296 BC 2654 BC 2629 BC
Suchi 1296 BC 1238 BC 2629 BC 2561 BC
Kshemya 1238 BC 1210 BC 2561 BC 2533 BC
Subrata 1210 BC 1150 BC 2533 BC 2473 BC
Dharma 1150 BC 1145 BC 2473 BC 2468 BC
Susuma 1145 BC 1107 BC 2468 BC 2430 BC
Dridhasena 1107 BC 1059 BC 2430 BC 2382 BC
Sumati 1059 BC 1026 BC 2382 BC 2349 BC
Subhala 1026 BC 1004 BC 2349 BC 2327 BC
Sunita 1004 BC 964 BC 2327 BC 2287 BC
Satyajit 964 BC 884 BC 2287 BC 2207 BC
Biswajit 884 BC 849 BC 2207 BC 2172 BC
Ripunjaya 849 BC 799 BC 2172 BC 2122 BC
Reign of Magadhan Kings (Pradyota Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Pradyota 779 BC 776 BC 2122 BC 2119 BC
Palaka 776 BC 752 BC 2119 BC 2085 BC
Visakhayupa 752 BC 702 BC 2085 BC 2035 BC
Janaka 702 BC 681 BC 2035 BC 2014 BC
Nandivardhdhana 681 BC 661 BC 2014 BC 1994 BC

Kings in the Matsya Purana[edit]

Reign of Magadhan Kings (Brihadratha Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Brihadratha ? ? ? ?
Jarasandha 1760 BC 1718 BC ? ?
Sahadeva 1718 BC 1676 BC ? ?
Somapi 1676 BC 1618 BC 3009 BC 2951 BC
Srutasravas 1497 BC 1433 BC 2951 BC 2884 BC
Apratipa 1433 BC 1407 BC 2884 BC 2848 BC
Niramitra 1407 BC 1367 BC 2848 BC 2748 BC
Sukshatra 1367 BC 1311 BC 2748 BC 2740 BC
Brihatsena 1311 BC 1288 BC 2740 BC 2717 BC
Senajit 1288 BC 1238 BC 2717 BC 2694 BC
Srutanjaya 1238 BC 1198 BC 2694 BC 2654 BC
Vidhu 1198 BC 1170 BC 2654 BC 2629 BC
Suchi 1234 BC 1170 BC 2629 BC 2561 BC
Kshemya 1170 BC 1142 BC 2561 BC 2533 BC
Subrata 1142 BC 1078 BC 2533 BC 2473 BC
Sunetra 1113 BC 1078 BC 2473 BC 2468 BC
Nivritti 1078 BC 1020 BC 2468 BC 2430 BC
Trinetra 1020 BC 992 BC 2430 BC 2382 BC
Mahatsena 992 BC 944 BC 2382 BC 2349 BC
Netra 944 BC 914 BC 2349 BC 2327 BC
Abala 914 BC 882 BC 2327 BC 2287 BC
Ripunjaya 882 BC 832 BC 2172 BC 2122 BC
Reign of Magadhan Kings (Pradyota Dynasty)
Emperor Reign start (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Modern Historians)[citation needed] Reign start (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed] Reign end (According to Aryabhata)[citation needed]
Pradyota 832 BC 809 BC 2122 BC 2119 BC
Palaka 809 BC 781 BC 2119 BC 2085 BC
Visakhayupa 781 BC 728 BC 2094 BC 2041 BC
Suryaka 708 BC 687 BC 2041 BC 2020 BC
Nandivardhdhana 687 BC 667 BC 2020 BC 2000 BC
Preceded by
None
Magadha dynasties Succeeded by
Pradyota dynasty