The Leghari also written as Laghari are a Baloch tribe living in the Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. The Leghari Baloch primarily speak Balochi, Seraiki, and Sindhi Language. And are largely Sunni Muslims.
The Leghari are subdivided into the Ahmedani, Rostmani, Bughlani, Hotani, Malkani, changwani, Aliani, Haddiani, Mirziani, Bagal, Shehlani, Jalab/Jalabani, Ramdani, Jogiani, Pheroani, Birmani and Mureedani Hybat clans. Mandwani and Kambrani Leghari are also found in Dadu, Sindh, Pakistan.
The Leghari Baloch are originally "Rind Baloch". The Leghari (pronounced Laighari) Baloch tribe is one of the largest amongst Baloch tribes. Though the Baloch do not have a documented history and as such the exact movement of the tribe is not known yet it is established that the tribe has had influence in past centuries in the Sibi, Barkhan and Loralai area of Balochistan. It is believed that the origin of the Baloch race is from Aleppo and Halab, modern day Syria. According to the famous scholar Dr. Nabi Bux Khan Laghari, the Lagharis came into the region of Hind & Sindh along with the Arab conquerors. He says the word Laghari comes from the word "Yalgar" (mighty wave). Thus he says the Laghari were a fierce fighting tribe of the Arabs. Another documented theory about origin of Leghari tribe by Justice Mir Khuda Bux Marri describes" Leghari tribe as a major clan of Rind Baloch with large of numbers of subclans". He has traced a Family Tree of the Leghari Tribe in his book and has described the Legharis as the second biggest Baloch tribe after Rind who has many sub clans. Third documented proof which gives a clear retrospective picture about origin and settlement of Leghari tribe written by Mr. Farooq Miana, a Siraiki scholar. Mr Miana after doing a little research on Baloch Tribes in Siraiki Wasaib writes that " The Laghari: - The Leghari Baloch tribe is one of the largest of Baloch tribes. The Leghari baloch are pure "Rind Baloch". They are divided into Major clans, the Aliani, Haddiani, Mirziani, Changwani, Bughlani and Haibatani. Their chief resides in Choti Zerin, where they are said to have settled after their return from accompanying with Hamayun, expelling the Ahmadanis who then held the present Laghari country. The Legharis are also found in Dera Ismail Khan and Muzaffargarh but don't owe alligeance to the tribe. The Talpur Mir dynasty of Sindh belonged to this tribe and there still is a considerable population of Laghari tribe in Sindh." Evidently with such a large force, centuries ago they conquered a large part of what is today Dera Ghazi Khan District and established themselves at Choti Zareen (Lower Choti). The Leghari Tumandars (or Sardars i.e. Tribal leaders) ruled a vast territory and collected tax from as far off as Barkhan in Balochistan.
Sardar Farooq Ahmed Khan Laghari was elected as the President of Islamic Republic Of Pakistan.
Sardar Nadir Akmal Khan Leghari served as Minister for Irrigation Sindh and is currently President of PTI Sindh
Sardar Rais Hussain Bux Khan (Malkani) Laghari of Mirpurkhas was a Jageerdaar, and was Titled as "Jageer-e-Azam" in Book still present in Sindhology Museum.
Muhammad Iqbal khan leghari was former adviser of chief minister of Punjab and member of Punjab assembly.
Haji Zafar Ali Khan Laghari was a great leader at the time of Benazir Bhutto, he was twice the Minister of Railways in Pakistan and the power and water Minister in the country.
Chief of Leghari Tribe
- Henry Walter Bellew (1973). An inquiry into the ethnography of Afghanistan: (Um ein Verzeichnis d. Stammes- u. Clan-Namen sowie um eine Kt. verm. Nachdr. d. 1891 in Woking ersch. Ausg. Photomechan. Nachdr.). Akadem. Druck- u. Verlagsanst. p. 109. ISBN 978-3-201-00808-2. Retrieved 24 August 2012.