Legio IV Italica

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The Legio IV Italica' (or Legio IIII Italica) was an ancient Roman legion, established by emperor Alexander Severus and which was still existing in the early 5th century AD.

History[edit]

The legion was founded under Alexander Severus in 231, with Italian and Pannonian soldiers, and perhaps took soon part in the expedition against the Sassanids in 231-231[1] Its first commander was Maximinus Thrax, the future emperor.[2]

It participated in all Maximinus' campaigns in the Danubian area in 235-238.[3] Under Gordian III, it returned to the eastern frontier in 242-244 to fight the Sassanids, under prefect Serapamo,[4] with its base set perhaps in the province of Mesopotamia.[5][dubious ] Later, Nischer speculates it may have been based in the Gaul under Diocletian.[6]

It is mentioned in the Notitia dignitatum, as a pseudo-comitatenses legion under the magister militum per Orientem. It perhaps survived until the reformation of Justinian in 545.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Herodian, VI, 3.1; Parker, 176.
  2. ^ Herodian, VI, 8.2-3; Historia Augusta, "The Two Maximini", 5.5; Gonzales, vol.I, p.165.
  3. ^ Gonzales, p.166
  4. ^ Historia Augusta, "The Three Gordians", 25.2; Ritterling, c.1326; Gonzales, p.166.
  5. ^ Luttwak, p.231-232; Gonzales, p.166.
  6. ^ J.Kromayer e G.Veith, p.483, map 54, illustration 147; Nischer, p.22.
  7. ^ Diehl, p.146; Runciman, p.125; Gonzales, p.166.

Sources[edit]

Primary sources[edit]

Secondary sources[edit]

  • C.Diehl, Justinienne et la civilisation byzantine au VI siecle, vol.I, New York 1901.
  • Gonzalez, Julio Rodriguez (2003). Historia de las legiones Romanas (in Spanish). Madrid. 
  • J.Kromayer e G.Veith, Heerwessen und kriegfuhrung die griechen und romer, Munich, 1928.
  • E.Luttwak, La grande strategia dell'impero romano, Milan, 1976.
  • J.C.Mann, A note on the legion IV Italica, ZPE 126, Bonn.
  • E.C.Nischer, The army reforms of Dioclatian and Constantine and their modifiacations up to the time of the Notitia Dignitatum, Journal of Roman Studies n.13, Londra 1923.
  • H.M.D.Parker, "The legions of Diocletian and Constantine", in Journal of Roman Studies 23, 1933, London.
  • Ritterling, Emil, [1]
  • S.Runciman, La civilizacion bizantina, Madrid 1942.