Legio XVI Flavia Firma

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Map of the Roman empire in AD 125, under emperor Hadrian, showing the Legio XVI Flavia Firma, stationed on the river Euphrates at Samosata (Samsat, Turkey), in Syria province, from AD 117 until the 4th century

Legio sexta decima Flavia Firma (Sixteenth Steadfast Flavian Legion) was a Roman legion. The legion was created by Emperor Vespasian in 70, with the remains of the XVI Gallica (which had surrendered in the Batavian rebellion), and still existed in the 4th century, when it guarded the Euphrates border camped in Sura (Syria). The emblem of the legion was a Pegasus,[1] in earlier science a lion was assumed.[2]

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  1. ^ Oliver Stoll: Römisches Heer und Gesellschaft. Gesammelte Beiträge 1991 - 1999, Steiner, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-515-07817-7, S. 66f; Marion Meyer: Die Personifikation der Stadt Antiocheia: ein neues Bild für eine neue Gottheit, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 2006, S. 246
  2. ^ z. B. Yann Le Bohec: Die römische Armee von Augustus zu Konstantin dem Großen, Steiner, 1993 , ISBN 3-515-06300-5, S. 287

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