Legislative assemblies of Canadian provinces and territories

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This is a list of the Legislative Assemblies of Canada's provinces and territories. Each province's legislative assembly, along with the province's Lieutenant Governor, form the province's legislature (which is called a parliament or general assembly in some provinces). Historically, several provinces had bicameral legislatures, but they all eventually dissolved their upper house or merged it with their lower house.

Current legislative assemblies of provinces and territories of Canada[edit]

Table of legislative assemblies by history and by jurisdiction[edit]

Jurisdiction Period Elected assembly (lower house) Appointed assembly (upper house) Viceroy

General legislature for Canada[edit]

Canada
(Parliament of Canada)
1786-1791 Colonies had their own chambers but shared a Governor General Governor-in-Chief of the Canadas
1791-1840 Governor General of the Canadas
1840-1867 Governor General of the Province of Canada
1867- House of Commons of Canada Senate of Canada Governor General of Canada

Legislatures of Provinces[edit]

Ontario
(Ontario Legislature)
1867- Legislative Assembly of Ontario none Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
Quebec
(Quebec Legislature)
1867-1968 Legislative Assembly of Quebec Legislative Council of Quebec Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
1968- National Assembly of Quebec none
Nova Scotia
(General Assembly of Nova Scotia)
1758-1786 Nova Scotia House of Assembly Nova Scotia Council Governor of Nova Scotia
1786-1838 Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
1838-1928 Legislative Council of Nova Scotia
1928- none
New Brunswick
(New Brunswick Legislature)
1784-1891 Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick Legislative Council of New Brunswick Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
1891- none
Manitoba
(Manitoba Legislature)
1870-1876 Legislative Assembly of Manitoba Legislative Council of Manitoba Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
1876- none
British Columbia
(Parliament of British Columbia)
1871- Legislative Assembly of British Columbia none Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
Prince Edward Island
(General Assembly of Prince Edward Island)
1773-1893 House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island[1] Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island
1893- Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island none
Saskatchewan
(Saskatchewan Legislature)
1905- Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan none Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
Alberta
(Alberta Legislature)
1905- Legislative Assembly of Alberta none Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Newfoundland and Labrador
(General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador)
1833-1934 Newfoundland House of Assembly Legislative Council of Newfoundland Governor of Newfoundland
1934-1949 none (Commission of Government) none
1949-2001 Newfoundland House of Assembly Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland
2001- Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador

Legislatures of Territories[edit]

Northwest Territories
(Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council (1870-1905))
(Commissioner in Council (1905-))
1870-1876 none Temporary North-West Council Lieutenant-Governor of Northwest Territories
1876-1888 1st Council of the Northwest Territories
1888-1905 North-West Legislative Assembly none
1905-1951 none 2nd Council of the Northwest Territories Commissioners of the Northwest Territories
1951-1975 Northwest Territories Legislative Council none
1975- Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
Yukon
(Commissioner in Council (1898-1978))
(Yukon Legislature (1978-))
1898-1909 none Yukon Territorial Council Commissioner of Yukon
1909-1978 Yukon Territorial Council none
1978- Yukon Legislative Assembly
Nunavut
(Nunavut Legislature)
1999- Legislative Assembly of Nunavut none Commissioners of Nunavut

Legislatures of Former Colonies and Territories[edit]

Colony of British Columbia
(Colony of British Columbia Legislature)
1858-1866 none Colonial Assembly of British Columbia Governor of British Columbia
United Colony of British Columbia
(United Colony of British Columbia Legislature)
1866-1871 none Legislative Council of British Columbia Governor of the united Colony of British Columbia
Province of Canada
(Parliament of the Province of Canada)
1841-1867 Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada Legislative Council of the Province of Canada Governor General of the Province of Canada
Colony of Cape Breton
(Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council)
1784-1820 none Cape Breton Council Lieutenant-Governor of Cape Breton
District of Keewatin
(Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council)
1876-1877 none Council of Keewatin Lieutenant-Governor of the District of Keewatin
1877-1905 none
Lower Canada
(Parliament of Lower Canada)
1791-1841 Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada Legislative Council of Lower Canada Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada
Province of Quebec (1763–91)
(Province of Quebec Legislature)
1763-1791 none Council for the Affairs of the Province of Quebec Governor of the Province of Quebec
Upper Canada
(Parliament of Upper Canada)
1791-1841 Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada Legislative Council of Upper Canada Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Colony of Vancouver Island
(Governor-in-Council (1849-1855))
(Colony of Vancouver Island Legislature (1855-1866))
1849-1855 none none Governor of the Colony of Vancouver Island
1855-1866 Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island

Party standings in modern assemblies[edit]

Governing parties are shown by shading.

Provincial or Territorial Legislative Assembly Liberal Progressive Conservative New Democrat Prov. parties1 CAQ (QC) Wildrose (AB) Green Independent Total
Legislative Assembly of British Columbia 493 - 34 - - - 1 1 85
Legislative Assembly of Alberta 53 72 4 - - 5 - 1 87
Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan - - 9 49 - - - - 58
Legislative Assembly of Manitoba 13 19 35 - - - - - 57
Legislative Assembly of Ontario 58 28 20 - - - - - 107
National Assembly of Quebec 703 - - 29 22 - - 3 125
Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick 26 22 - - - - 1 - 55
Nova Scotia House of Assembly 33 10 7 - - - - - 51
Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island 22 3 - - - - - 1 27
Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly 16 29 3 - - - - - 48
Yukon Legislative Assembly 23 - 6 12 - - - - 19
Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories2 - - - - - - - 19 19
Legislative Assembly of Nunavut2 - - - - - - - 19 19

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Legislative Council was an elected body from 1862-1893. "Elections PEI: Provincial Electoral Reform". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2008-10-18.