Legislative assemblies of Canadian provinces and territories

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This is a list of the Legislative Assemblies of Canada's provinces and territories. Each province's legislative assembly, along with the province's Lieutenant Governor, form the province's legislature (which is called a parliament or general assembly in some provinces). Historically, several provinces had bicameral legislatures, but they all eventually dissolved their upper house or merged it with their lower house.

Jurisdiction Period Legislature Elected assembly (lower house) Appointed assembly (upper house) Viceroy
Federal Legislature
Canada 1786-1791 Colonies had their own chambers but shared a Governor General Governor-in-Chief of the Canadas
1791-1840 Governor General of the Canadas
1841-1867 Parliament of the Province of Canada Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada Legislative Council of the Province of Canada Governor General of the Province of Canada
1867- Parliament of Canada House of Commons of Canada Senate of Canada Governor General of Canada
Legislatures of Provinces
Ontario 1791-1841 Parliament of Upper Canada Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada Legislative Council of Upper Canada Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
1841-1867 Part of the Province of Canada (see above)
1867- Legislature of Ontario Legislative Assembly of Ontario none Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
Quebec 1763-1791 Legislature of the old Province of Quebec none Council for the Affairs of the Province of Quebec Governor of the Province of Quebec
1791-1841 Parliament of Lower Canada Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada Legislative Council of Lower Canada Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada
1841-1867 Part of the Province of Canada (see above)
1867-1968 Quebec Legislature Legislative Assembly of Quebec Legislative Council of Quebec Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
1968- National Assembly of Quebec none
Nova Scotia 1758-1786 General Assembly of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia House of Assembly Nova Scotia Council Governor of Nova Scotia
1786-1838 Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
1838-1928 Legislative Council of Nova Scotia
1928- none
New Brunswick 1784-1891 New Brunswick Legislature Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick Legislative Council of New Brunswick Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
1891- none
Manitoba 1870-1876 Manitoba Legislature Legislative Assembly of Manitoba Legislative Council of Manitoba Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
1876- none
British Columbia 1856-1866 Legislature of the Colony of British Columbia
& Legislature of the Colony of Vancouver Island
none Colonial Assembly of British Columbia
& Legislative Assembly of Vancouver Island
Governor of British Columbia
1866-1871 Legislature of the United Colony of British Columbia Legislative Council of British Columbia Governor of the united Colony of British Columbia
1871- Parliament of British Columbia Legislative Assembly of British Columbia none Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
Prince Edward Island 1773-1862 General Assembly of Prince Edward Island House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island[1] Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island
1862-1893 House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island
& Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island
none
1893- Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Saskatchewan 1905- Saskatchewan Legislature Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan none Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
Alberta 1905- Alberta Legislature Legislative Assembly of Alberta none Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Newfoundland and Labrador 1833-1934 General Assembly of Newfoundland Newfoundland House of Assembly Legislative Council of Newfoundland Governor of Newfoundland
1934-1949 Commission of Government none none
1949-2001 General Assembly of Newfoundland Newfoundland House of Assembly Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland
2001- General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador
Legislatures of Territories
Northwest Territories 1870-1876 Lieutenant-Governor in Council none Temporary North-West Council Lieutenant-Governor of Northwest Territories
1876-1888 1st Council of the Northwest Territories
& Council of Keewatin (1876-1877)
Lieutenant-Governor of Northwest Territories
& Lieutenant-Governor of Keewatin District
1888-1905 North-West Legislative Assembly none
1905-1951 Commissioner in Council none 2nd Council of the Northwest Territories Commissioners of the Northwest Territories
1951-1975 Northwest Territories Legislative Council none
1975- Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
Yukon 1898-1909 Commissioner in Council none Yukon Territorial Council Commissioner of Yukon
1909-1978 Yukon Territorial Council none
1978- Legislature of Yukon Yukon Legislative Assembly
Nunavut 1999- Legislature of Nunavut Legislative Assembly of Nunavut none Commissioners of Nunavut

Party standings in assemblies[edit]

Governing parties are shown by shading.

Provincial or Territorial Legislative Assembly Liberal Progressive Conservative New Democrat Prov. parties1 CAQ (QC) Wildrose (AB) Green Independent Total
Legislative Assembly of British Columbia 493 - 34 - - - 1 1 85
Legislative Assembly of Alberta 53 72 4 - - 5 - 1 87
Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan - - 9 49 - - - - 58
Legislative Assembly of Manitoba 13 19 37 - - - - - 57
Legislative Assembly of Ontario 58 20 21 - - - - - 107
National Assembly of Quebec 703 - - 30 22 - - 3 125
Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick 26 21 - - - - 1 - 55
Nova Scotia House of Assembly 33 11 7 - - - - - 51
Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island 22 4 - - - - - 1 27
Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly 6 37 5 - - - - - 48
Yukon Legislative Assembly 23 - 6 11 - - - - 19
Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories2 - - - - - - - 19 19
Legislative Assembly of Nunavut2 - - - - - - - 19 19

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elections PEI: Provincial Electoral Reform". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2008-10-18.