Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island

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Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Type
Type
History
Founded 1893 (1893)
Preceded by Legislative Council
House of Assembly
Leadership
Carolyn BertramLiberal Party
since November 1, 2011
Structure
Seats 27
PEI_legislature_2014.png
Political groups

Governing Party

Opposition Parties

  •   PC (3)
  •   PC Independant (1)
Elections
Last election
October 3, 2011
Meeting place
282 - Birthplace of Canada Charlottetown PEI.JPG
Province House, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
Website
www.assembly.pe.ca

The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island, along with the Lieutenant-Governor, forms the parliament of the province. The General Assembly meets at Province House, which is located at the intersection of Richmond and Great George Streets in Charlottetown.

History[edit]

As a colony, Prince Edward Island originally had a bicameral legislature founded in 1773 with the Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island serving as the upper house and the House of Assembly as the lower house. Together they composed the 1st General Assembly of the Island of Saint John. After the name of the colony changed in 1798, the body became known as the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island.

In 1769, a British Order in Council established a new government on the British colony of St. John’s Island (present day P.E.I.). In 1770, Lieutenant Governor Walter Patterson (the island’s first Governor) arrived and appointed a Council to assist him in the administration of the island. By 1773, at the insistence of the British government, Governor Patterson summoned the island’s first assembly.

Elections for the island’s first House of Assembly were held on July 4, 1773, with 18 members being elected. Tradition has it that the first session of the island’s new assembly was held in the Crossed Keys Tavern on the corner of Queen and Dorchester Streets in Charlottetown; however, a journal entry contradicts this and indicates that it was actually held in the home of James Richardson.

In 1839, an important distinction was drawn between the executive and legislative capacities of the Legislative Council. This distinction proved to be an important step on the road to responsible government which was finally implemented in 1851.

Prior to 1893, Prince Edward Island had a bicameral system of government, consisting of a Legislative Council and a House of Assembly. These two bodies were amalgamated in 1893 to create one Legislative Assembly consisting of 30 members elected from 15 different constituencies. Each constituency returned a Councillor and an Assemblyman to the Assembly. The only change to this system of returning members to the assembly was the addition of two Members resulting from the creation of 6th Queens in 1966. In 1996, the system and the electoral map were restructured, and the province now has twenty-seven Members of the Legislative Assembly, each elected from a different constituency.

Composition[edit]

The Legislative Assembly currently has 27 single-member districts and is currently the smallest provincial assembly in Canada.

Prior to the 1996 provincial election, the province was divided into 16 dual-member districts, each of which was represented by one member who held the title Assemblyman and one member who held the title Councillor. This was a holdover from the legislature's historic bicameral structure — instead of simply abolishing its upper house as most Canadian provinces with historically bicameral legislatures did, Prince Edward Island merged the two houses in 1893. Although both members sat in the same legislative house, all voters in a district voted for the assemblyman while only landowners could vote for the councillor. Excepting the division of 5th Queens, the district that contained the capital city of Charlottetown, into two districts in 1966, these district boundaries were never adjusted for demographic or population changes.

The property qualification was discontinued in 1963, largely eliminating any practical distinction between the two roles, although the nominal titles continued to be used until the current single-member districts were introduced in 1996.

The seating plan of the legislature is rare for assemblies modeled on the House of Commons in Westminster. Traditionally, the Government sits on the side of the House to the right of the Speaker with the opposition to the left of the Speaker; in the PEI assembly, this arrangement is reversed. The reason is that before central heating was installed, the stove which heated the room was to the left of the Speaker and the governments of the day chose to be nearer the stove.[citation needed]

Members[edit]

Cabinet ministers are in bold, party leaders are in italic, and the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly is designated by a dagger (†).

Name Party Riding
     LaVie, ColinColin LaVie Progressive Conservative Souris-Elmira
     Myers, StevenSteven Myers Progressive Conservative Georgetown-St. Peters
     Roach, AllenAllen Roach Liberal Montague-Kilmuir
     McGeoghegan, CharlieCharlie McGeoghegan Liberal Belfast-Murray River
     McIsaac, AlanAlan McIsaac Liberal Vernon River-Stratford
     Aylward, JamesJames Aylward Progressive Conservative Stratford-Kinlock
  Crane, OliveOlive Crane Independent Morell-Mermaid
     Watts, BuckBuck Watts Liberal Tracadie-Hillsborough Park
     Vessey, RobertRobert Vessey Liberal York-Oyster Bed
     Mitchell, RobertRobert Mitchell Liberal Charlottetown-Sherwood
     Currie, DougDoug Currie Liberal Charlottetown-Parkdale
     Brown, RichardRichard Brown Liberal Charlottetown-Victoria Park
     Ghiz, RobertRobert Ghiz Liberal Charlottetown-Brighton
     Casey, KathleenKathleen Casey Liberal Charlottetown-Lewis Point
     Dumville, BushBush Dumville Liberal West Royalty-Springvale
     MacKinley, RonRon MacKinley Liberal Cornwall-Meadowbank
     Docherty, ValerieValerie Docherty Liberal Kellys Cross-Cumberland
     Bertram, CarolynCarolyn Bertram Liberal Rustico-Emerald
     Webster, GeorgeGeorge Webster Liberal Borden-Kinkora
     Sheridan, WesWes Sheridan Liberal Kensington-Malpeque
     Sherry, JaniceJanice Sherry Liberal Summerside-Wilmot
     Greenan, GerardGerard Greenan Liberal Summerside-St. Eleanors
     Biggar, PaulaPaula Biggar Liberal Tyne Valley-Linkletter
     Gallant, SonnySonny Gallant Liberal Evangeline-Miscouche
     Henderson, RobertRobert Henderson Liberal O'Leary-Inverness
     Murphy, PatPat Murphy Liberal Alberton-Roseville
     Perry, HalHal Perry Liberal Tignish-Palmer Road

Party standings[edit]

Legislative Assembly Chamber
**** * |Greenan Sherry McIsaac * Roach Vessey ** Henderson Casey
**** * Currie Gallant * Sheridan Ghiz * Webster Docherty * MacKinley
****
Bertram
****
**** * Aylward Myers ** McGeoghegan Watts Dumville Murphy
**** * LaVie **** **** * Brown Perry Mitchell Biggar **** **** **** Crane
Affiliation Members
     Liberal Party 23
     Progressive Conservative Party 3
     Independent 1
 Total 27
 Government Majority 19

See also[edit]

External links[edit]