Victorian Legislative Assembly

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Legislative Assembly
57th Victorian Parliament
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded 1856[1]
Leadership
Christine FyffeLiberal
since 4 February 2014
Deputy Speaker
Paul WellerNational
since 4 February 2014
Manager of Government Business
Louise AsherLiberal
since April 2013
Manager of Opposition Business
Jacinta AllanLabor
since December 2010
Government Whip
Bill TilleyLiberal
since March 2013
Opposition Whip
Marlene KairouzLabor
since March 2011
Structure
Seats 88
Political groups
Government (44)
    Liberal (34)
    National (10)
Opposition (43)
    Labor (43)
Crossbench (1)
     Independent (1)
Committees Standing
*Privileges Committee
*Standing Orders Committee
Elections
Last election
27 November 2010
Meeting place
Legislative Assembly Chamber,
Parliament House, Melbourne,
Victoria, Australia
Website
Vic Legislative Assembly

The Victorian Legislative Assembly is one of the two houses of the Parliament of Victoria in Australia, the other house being the Victorian Legislative Council. The Victorian Parliament sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Melbourne.

History[edit]

Victoria was proclaimed a Colony on 1 July 1851 separating from the Colony of New South Wales by an act of the British Parliament. The Legislative Assembly was created on 13 March 1856 with the passing of the Victorian Electoral Bill,[1] five years after the creation of the original unicameral Legislative Council. The Assembly first met on 21 November 1856,[1] and consisted of sixty members representing thirty-seven multi and single-member electorates.[2] On the Federation of Australia on 1 January 1901, the Parliament of Victoria continued except that the colony was now called a state.

Membership and elections[edit]

The Legislative Assembly presently consists of 88 members, each elected in single-member electoral districts, more commonly known as electorates or seats, using preferential voting, which is the same voting system used for the federal lower house, the Australian House of Representatives. Members represent approximately the same population in each electorate.

Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a fixed term of 4 years, with elections occurring on the last Saturday of November every 4 years. There are no limits to the number of terms for which a member may seek election.

Current membership[edit]

Distribution of seats[edit]

Legislative Assembly seat outcome of the Victorian 2010 election
Party Seats held Percentage of Assembly
Liberal/National Coalition    
    Liberal Party
34
38.64
  National Party
10
11.36
Sub-Total
44
50.00
  Australian Labor Party
43
 48.86
  Independent
1
 1.14
Total
88
100

Officials[edit]

At the beginning of each new parliamentary term, the Legislative Assembly elects one of its members as a presiding officer, known as the Speaker. If the incumbent Speaker seeks a new term, then the House may re-elect him or her merely by passing a motion; otherwise, a secret ballot is held. In practice, the Speaker is usually a member of the governing party or parties, who have the majority in the House. The Speaker continues to be a member of his or her political party, but it is left to their individual discretion as to whether or not they attend party meetings. The Speaker also continues to carry out his or her ordinary electorate duties as a member of Parliament and must take part in an election campaign to be re-elected as a member of Parliament.[3]

A Deputy Speaker is also elected by the Assembly, who supports and assists the Speaker in the execution of their duties.

Non-member officials[edit]

The Legislative Assembly is also supported by a department of civil servants who are not elected members of Parliament and who provide procedural and administrative advice on the running of the Assembly. The head of the department is the Clerk of the Assembly. The Clerk is assisted by the Deputy Clerk, the Assistant Clerk Committees and the Assistant Clerk Procedure.[4]

The Assembly is also assisted by the Serjeant-at-Arms, at present the positions of Assistant Clerk Procedure and Serjeant-at-Arms are filled by the same person.[5]

2010 Victorian election[edit]

Results[edit]

Victorian state election, 2010[6]
Legislative Assembly
<< 20102014 >>

Enrolled Voters 3,582,232
Votes Cast 3,329,865 Turnout 92.96 +0.23
Informal Votes 165,134 Informal 4.96 +0.40
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Liberal 1,203,654 38.03 +3.59 35 +12
  Labor 1,147,348 36.25 –6.81 43 –12
  Greens 354,697 11.21 +1.17 0 ±0
  National 213,492 6.75 +1.58 10 +1
  Family First 72,354 2.29 –2.00 0 ±0
  Country Alliance 42,938 1.36 +1.36 0 ±0
  Democratic Labor 28,176 0.89 +0.89 0 ±0
  Sex Party 17,252 0.55 +0.55 0 ±0
  Socialist Alliance 1,787 0.06 +0.02 0 ±0
  Christian Democrats 636 0.02 +0.02 0 ±0
  Other 82,395 2.60 +0.31 0 –1
Total 3,164,729     88  
Two-Party Preferred
  Coalition 51.58 +5.96
  Labor 48.42 –5.96

The Liberal/National government was sworn in on 2 December 2010.[7] Daniel Andrews replaced John Brumby as Labor leader on 3 December.[8]

Procedure[edit]

Most legislation is initiated in the Legislative Assembly. The party or coalition with the most seats in the lower house is invited by the Governor to form government. The leader of that party subsequently becomes Premier of Victoria, and their senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the Legislative Assembly.

Committees[edit]

  • Privileges Committee
  • Standing Orders Committee

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]