Legislative Council of Lower Canada

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Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada
Conseil législatif du Bas-Canada
Type
Type
History
Founded 1791 (1791)
Disbanded 1841 (1841)
Preceded by Council for the Affairs of the Province of Quebec
Succeeded by Legislative Council of the Province of Canada

The Legislative Council of Lower Canada was the upper house of the bicameral structure of provincial government in Lower Canada until 1838. The upper house consisted of appointed councillors who voted on bills passed up by the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada. The legislative council was created by the Constitutional Act. Many of the members first called in the Council in 1792 had served as councillors in the Council for the Affairs of the Province of Quebec.

The council came to be dominated by the Château Clique, members of the province's most powerful families who were generally interested in preserving the status quo. Both the upper and lower houses were dissolved on March 27, 1838 following the Lower Canada Rebellion and Lower Canada was administered by an appointed Special Council.

Following the Act of Union in 1840, the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada was created in 1841.

Legislative Buildings[edit]

List of Members of the Legislative Council[edit]

Member Appointet to the Chamber End of Term
Adam Mabane [1] January 3, 1792
John Fraser 1792 December 5, 1795
François Baby 1792 October 6, 1820
Thomas Dunn 1792 April 15, 1818
Hugh Finlay 1792 December 26, 1801
William Smith 1792 December 6, 1793
Joseph-Dominique-Emmanuel Le Moyne de Longueuil 1792 January 19, 1807
George Pownall 1792 October 17, 1834
Paul-Roch de Saint-Ours 1792 August 11, 1814
Edward Harrison 1792 October 15, 1794
John Collins 1792 April 15, 1795
François-Marie Picoté de Belestre 1792 March 30, 1792
Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry 1792 December 11, 1797
Charles-Louis Tarieu de Lanaudière 1792 October 2, 1811
René-Amable Boucher de Boucherville 1792 August 31, 1812
Henry Caldwell February 5, 1793 May 28, 1810
Jacob Mountain July 7, 1793 June 16, 1825
William Osgoode January 5, 1795 January 17, 1824
James Monk January 5, 1795 June 1820[2]
John Johnson 1796 January 4, 1830
Michel-Eustache-Gaspard-Alain Chartier de Lotbinière 1796 January 1, 1822
Gabriel-Elzéar Taschereau 1798 September 18, 1809
Jenkin Williams February 8, 1803 October 30, 1819
John Elmsley February 8, 1803 April 29, 1805
Henry Allcock January 21, 1807 February 22, 1808
Jonathan Sewell 1808 March 27, 1838[3]
Charles de Saint-Ours December 2, 1808 November 11, 1834
John Hale December 3, 1808 March 27, 1838[3]
Antoine-Louis Juchereau Duchesnay December 12, 1810 February 17, 1825
John Caldwell December 15, 1811 March 27, 1838[3]
Herman Witsius Ryland December 17, 1811 March 27, 1838[3]
James Cuthbert December 18, 1811 March 27, 1838[4]
Charles-Gaspard Tarieu de Lanaudière December 19, 1811 June 7, 1812
Charles William Grant December 21, 1811 March 27, 1848[3]
Pierre-Ignace Aubert de Gaspé 1812 February 13, 1823
Jacques-Nicolas Perrault January 1812 August 7, 1812
John Blackwood April 9, 1813 June 24, 1819
Pierre-Dominique Debartzch January 17, 1814 March 27, 1838[3]
William McGillivray January 19, 1814 October 16, 1825
Jean-Antoine Panet January 1815 May 17, 1815
John Richardson January 24, 1816 May 18, 1831
Joseph-Octave Plessis April 30, 1817 December 4, 1825
Roderick Mackenzie of Terrebonne May 10, 1817 March 27, 1838[3]
Ignace-Michel-Louis-Antoine d'Irumberry de Salaberry December 4, 1817 March 22, 1828
William Burns January 2, 1818 September 25, 1829
Michael Henry Perceval January 10, 1818 October 12, 1829
Olivier Perrault January 28, 1818 March 19, 1827
Thomas-Pierre-Joseph Taschereau January 28, 1818 October 8, 1826
William Scott January 29, 1818 January 11, 1820
Louis-René Chaussegros de Léry February 9, 1818 November 28, 1832
James Irvine February 20, 1818 September 20, 1829
Louis Turgeon March 10, 1818 September 26, 1827
Louis Gugy April 10, 1818 March 27, 1838[3]
Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry December 14, 1818 February 27, 1829
James Kerr October 19, 1821 March 27, 1838[3]
William Bowman Felton April 6, 1822 June 30, 1837
Mathew Bell April 30, 1823 March 27, 1838[5]
Edward Bowen February 27, 1824 March 27, 1838[3]
Toussaint Pothier July 22, 1824 March 27, 1838[4]
John Stewart May 13, 1825 March 27, 1838[3]
John Forsyth July 3, 1827 December 27, 1837
Charles James Stewart January 1828 July 13, 1837
Jean-Thomas Taschereau May 2, 1828 June 14, 1832
Samuel Hatt November 29, 1829 March 27, 1838[3]
Denis-Benjamin Viger November 30, 1829 March 27, 1838[3]
Louis Guy December 20, 1830 March 27, 1838[3]
George Moffatt December 24, 1830 March 27, 1838[4]
Jacques-Philippe Saveuse de Beaujeu November 25, 1831 June 19, 1832
François-Roch de Saint-Ours January 1, 1832 March 27, 1838[3]
Peter McGill January 3, 1832 March 27, 1838[4]
John Molson January 4, 1832 January 11, 1836
Marc-Pascal de Sales Laterrière January 5, 1832 March 27, 1838[4]
François-Xavier Malhiot January 6, 1832 March 27, 1838[3]
Jean Dessaulles January 7, 1832 June 20, 1835
Barthélemy Joliette January 8, 1832 March 27, 1838[4]
Pierre de Rastel de Rocheblave January 9, 1832 March 27, 1838[4]
Robert Unwin Harwood January 10, 1832 March 27, 1838[4]
Antoine-Gaspard Couillard January 11, 1832 March 27, 1838[4]
Jean-Baptiste Juchereau Duchesnay April 4, 1832 January 13, 1833
James Baxter August 1832 November 18, 1837
Horatio Gates August 1, 1832 April 11, 1834
Robert Jones August 2, 1832 March 27, 1838[3]
François Quirouet October 25, 1833 March 27, 1838[3]
Joseph Masson October 16, 1834 March 27, 1838[3]
Amable Dionne August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[4]
René-Édouard Caron August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[3]
Janvier-Domptail Lacroix August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[3]
Clément-Charles Sabrevois de Bleury August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[3]
Gabriel Marchand August 22, 1837 [5][6]
John Neilson August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[4]
John Pangman August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[3]
Melchior-Alphonse de Salaberry August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[5]
Jean-Baptiste-René Hertel de Rouville August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[3]
John Malcolm Fraser August 22, 1837 March 27, 1838[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Unless otherwise noted, the member died in office.

  1. ^ named to council but died before being sworn into office
  2. ^ resigned
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Council dissolved on March 27, 1838
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k named to Special Council
  5. ^ a b c declined invitation to serve on Special Council
  6. ^ named to Legislative Council but refused to join

External links[edit]