Legislative Council of Upper Canada

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Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
Type
Type
History
Founded 1791 (1791)
Disbanded 1841 (1841)
Preceded by Council for the Affairs of the Province of Quebec
Succeeded by Legislative Council of the Province of Canada
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The Legislative Council of Upper Canada was the upper house governing the province of Upper Canada. Modelled after the British House of Lords, it was created by the Constitutional Act of 1791. It was specified that the council should consist of at least seven members. Members were appointed for life but could be dropped for non-attendance. The first nine members of the council were appointed on July 12, 1792. The speaker was usually the Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench. The Legislative Council was dissolved on February 10, 1841 when Upper and Lower Canada were united into the Province of Canada. Some members were reappointed to the Legislative Council of the united Province.

Unlike the other three provinces that would initially make up the Dominion of Canada, a provincial Legislative Council was not re-established for Ontario when the province entered Confederation in 1867.

List of Members of the Legislative Council[edit]

Member Town From To Notes
James Baby Sandwich July 12, 1792 February 19, 1833 Died in office
Richard Cartwright Kingston July 12, 1792 July 27, 1815 Died in office
Richard Duncan Williamsburgh July 12, 1792 1805 Dropped due to non-attendance; returned to the United States and died in Schenectady, New York in 1819
Alexander Grant, Sr. York July 12, 1792 May 1813 Died in office
Robert Hamilton Niagara July 12, 1792 March 8, 1809 Died in office
John Munro Eastern District July 12, 1792 October, 1800 Died in office
William Osgoode York July 12, 1792 February 24, 1794 Became Chief Justice of Lower Canada 1794–1801; retired and died in London, Ontario
William Robertson Sandwich July 12, 1792 November 4, 1792 Resigned and left for Montreal in 1797; moved to London England 1800 and died there in 1806
Peter Russell York July 12, 1792 September 30, 1808 Died in office
Æneas Shaw York June 19, 1794 February 6, 1814 Died in office
Jacob Mountain1
(December 1, 1749–June 16, 1825)
Quebec City July 1, 1794 June 25, 1825 Bishop of Quebec and founder of the Church of England in the Canadas; died in office
John Elmsley, Sr. York December 10, 1796 October 13, 1802 Became Chief Justice of Lower Canada after William Osgoode; died in Montreal, April 1805
John McGill York June 10, 1797 December 31, 1834 Died in office
Henry Allcock York January 4, 1803 July 1, 1805 Moved to Lower Canada as member of the Executive Council of Lower Canada and later as Speaker of the Legislative Council of Lower Canada; died in office at Quebec City in 1808
Thomas Scott York August 7, 1806 July 29, 1824 Died in office
Thomas Talbot Point Talbot September 1809 February 10, 1841 Died in London, Ontario in 1853
William Claus
(September 8, 1765–November 11, 1826)
Niagara February 1, 1812 November 11, 1826 Died of cancer while in office; Indian Department official, Justice of the Peace
Thomas Clark Chippawa November 16, 1815 October 13, 1835 Died in office
William Dickson Niagara November 16, 1815 February 10, 1841 Retired to Niagara and died there in 1846
Thomas Fraser Ernestown November 16, 1815 1819 Status unknown after 1819; died in South Dundas, Ontario in 1821
Neil McLean Cornwall November 16, 1815 Not applicable Never attended
William Dummer Powell York March 21, 1816 September 6, 1834 Died in office
John Strachan York July 10, 1820 February 10, 1841 Resigned office due to the Act of Union 1840, but remained an active member of the Family Compact
Angus McIntosh 2 Sandwich July 11, 1820 July 24, 1833 Died in office
Joseph Wells York July 12, 1820 February 10, 1841 Bursar of King's College
Duncan Cameron York July 12, 1820 September 9, 1838 Died in office
George Herchmer Markland York July 14, 1820 1838 Resigned
George Crookshank
(July 23, 1773–July 21, 1859)
York January 1, 1821 February 10, 1841 Commissariat of supplies for Fort York; Assistant Commissary General 1814–1819, Receiver General of Public Accounts (1819–1820); Director of the Bank of Upper Canada 1822–1827
John Henry Dunn York March 1, 1822 February 10, 1841 Became Receiver General for the Province of Canada in 1841, and elected to the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada 1841–1843 for Toronto
Thomas Ridout York October 11, 1825 February 8, 1829 Died in office
William Allan York October 12, 1825 February 10, 1841 Retired from politics after the Act of Union of 1840, and died in 1853
William Campbell York October 10, 1826 January 18, 1834 Died in office
Peter Robinson York January 6, 1829 July 8, 1838 Died in office
Charles Jones Brockville January 7, 1829 August 21, 1840 Died in office
James Gordon 3 Amherstburg January 8, 1829 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
John Beverley Robinson York January 1, 1830 February 10, 1841 Provincial Secretary 1817–1838, became a Baron in 1854, and died in 1863
John Kirby Kingston 1831 February 10, 1841 Not re-appointed to the Council after the union; died in Kingston in 1846
Augustus Warren Baldwin York January 26, 1831 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
Zacheus Burnham Cobourg January 26, 1831 February 10, 1841 Not re-appointed after the Act of Union, and died in Cobourg in 1857
John Elmsley, Jr.
(19 May 1801–8 May 1863)
York January 26, 1831 February 10, 1841 Royal Navy Captain, entrepreneur, and philanthropist; supported Catholic education in York/Toronto; son of the second Chief Justice of Upper Canada
Alexander Macdonell Eastern District January 27, 1831 February 10, 1841 Chaplain of the Glengarry Fencibles; Auxiliary Bishop of Quebec; Bishop of Kingston; founder of Regiopolis College, Kingston
Walter Boswell Cobourg January 29, 1831 February 10, 1841 Royal Navy Captain, church warden of St. Peter's Anglican Church in Cobourg
John Hamilton Queenston January 29, 1831 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
Peter Adamson Esquesing February 2, 1831 February 10, 1841 Peninsular War veteran, general, and mill owner
James Kerby
(1785–June 20, 1854)
Kingston March 2, 1831 February 10, 1841 Militia captain (Incorporated Militia), businessman, justice of the peace, and mill owner
James Crooks West Flamborough March 16, 1831 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
Alexander Macdonell Kingston October 12, 1831 January 14, 1840 Died in office
Alexander Grant, Jr.4 Brockville November 19, 1831 February 10, 1841 Excused
Arthur Lloyd March December 6, 1831 February 10, 1841 Colonel, Napoleonic War veteran
Abraham Nelles4 Grimsby January 5, 1832 February 10, 1841 Reverend and missionary
Thomas Alexander Stewart
(June 10, 1786–September 6, 1847)
Peterborough November 20, 1833 February 10, 1841 Settler, justice of the peace, and mill owner
William Morris Perth January 22, 1836 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
George Hamilton Hamilton January 23, 1836 February 20, 1836 Died in office
John Macaulay Kingston January 23, 1836 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
Archibald McLean Cornwall January 23, 1836 February 10, 1841 Not re-appointed; later served as in the Court of Common Pleas 1850–1862, Chief Justice of the Court of Queen’s Bench for Upper Canada 1862–1863 and judge of the Court of Error and Appeal 1863–1865; he died in Toronto in 1865
Philip VanKoughnet Cornwall January 23, 1836 February 10, 1841 Not re-appointed; later chairman of the Canadian Board of Government Arbitrators 1870–1873
John Simcoe Macaulay Toronto February 9, 1839 February 10, 1841 Not re-appointed; served on Toronto City Council 1841–1842; retired to England in 1845
Jonas Jones
(May 19, 1791–July 30, 1848)
Toronto February 27, 1839 February 10, 1841 Barrister and judge (Prescott and Russell, Leeds and Grenville and Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry)[1]
Adam Fergusson Gore District February 27, 1839 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
Thomas Radcliff
(April 17, 1794–June 6, 1841)
Adelaide February 27, 1839 February 10, 1841 Peninsular War veteran and militia officer; later as magistrate and customs collector (died June 1841 before assuming post)[2]
Robert Baldwin Sullivan Toronto February 27, 1839 February 10, 1841 Provincial Secretary 1838–1841; not re-appointed to the Council after the Union; appointed to the Queen's Bench in 1848
Robert Charles Wilkins Prince Edward March 14, 1839 February 10, 1841 Owner of mercantile firm Shuter and Wilkins
John McDonald Gananoque March 20, 1839 February 10, 1841 Appointed to the Council after the Union in 1841, but removed for non-attendance in 1848
Henry Graham Bathurst District April 19, 1839 Not applicable Never attended
Isaac Fraser Ernestown July 16, 1839 February 10, 1841 Colonel of the Addington Militia, and justice of the peace
Peter Boyle de Blaquière Woodstock December 3, 1839 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
Alexander Fraser Eastern District December 3, 1839 February 10, 1841 Re-appointed
John McGillivray Williamstown December 3, 1839 February 10, 1841 Not re-appointed; served as a justice of the peace; died near Williamstown (South Glengarry, Ontario) in 1855
John Willson Gore District December 3, 1839 February 10, 1841 Not re-appointed; died in Saltfleet Township in 1860

Notes:

  1. Jacob Mountain was the Bishop of Quebec; he never attended a session but was not dropped.
  2. Angus McIntosh never attended a session but was not dropped; he returned to Scotland in 1831.
  3. James Gordon was re-appointed to the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada in October 1845.
  4. Alexander Grant, Jr. and Abraham Nelles did not attend after 1832.

Speakers[edit]

The Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench was usually the Speaker of the Council:

Buildings housing the Legislative Council[edit]

The Legislative Council sat in the same building as the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada:

Meeting Places[edit]

  • St. George's Church, Kingston - July 1792; Church demolished 1825 (replaced with St. George's Cathedral), site now Kingston Market Square across from Kingston Custom House (294 King Street East)
  • In a tent and later at Navy Hall or Freemasons Hall in Newark - September 1792 – 1796
  • Various buildings that housed Parliament at York - 1797-1841

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]