Leicester South (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Leicester South in Leicestershire.
Location of Leicestershire within England.
|Electorate||78,433 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jon Ashworth (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Leicester South East and Leicester South West|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Leicester South East and Leicester South West|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- History of boundaries
When originally created in 1918, the South division of the Parliamentary Borough of Leicester was defined as including the municipal wards of Aylestone, Castle, Charnwood, De Montfort, Knighton, Martin's, and Wycliffe.
The initial report of the Boundary Commission for England dated October 1947 and published in December 1947 recommended that Leicester retain three seats, including a revised Leicester South constituency consisting of the wards of Aylestone, De Montfort, Knighton, North Braunstone and Spinney Hill, giving an electorate of 67,574 as of the review date of 15 October 1946. When the Representation of the People Bill enacting the Commission's recommendations was debated in the House of Commons, the Government brought forward amendments at Committee stage on 24 March 1948 to allow 17 more constituencies in England. Home Secretary James Chuter Ede announced that the Boundary Commission would be invited to consider an additional constituency to each of nine Cities, including Leicester. The Government issued a White Paper proposing the new boundaries which created new borough constituencies of Leicester South East and Leicester South West in place of Leicester South. The Boundary Commission recommended no alteration to the proposals, and the revised constituencies were therefore enacted.
In 1969 the Second Periodical Report of the Parliamentary Boundary Commission for England reduced Leicester from four seats to three, and recreated Leicester South as a borough constituency consisting of the Aylestone, De Montfort, Knighton, Spinney Hill, The Castle and Wycliffe wards of Leicester.
Minor boundary changes were made as a result of the Third Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission in 1983. Ward boundaries having changed, the constituency was defined as including the Aylestone, Castle, Crown Hills, East Knighton, Eyres Monsell, Saffron, Spinney Hill, Stoneygate, West Knighton and Wycliffe wards. The new constituency took in about 3,000 voters who were previously in other Leicester divisions. No changes were made in the Fourth Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission in 1995, and in the Fifth Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission in 2007, the constituency had only minor changes with 73 voters being added from Leicester West.
- Current boundaries
The seat is centred on the southern part of Leicester covering leafy suburbs such as Stoneygate and Knighton, as well as inner city areas with a strong Asian community and deprived outer estates such as Saffron and Eyres Monsell. The constituency encompasses the council wards of Spinney Hills, Stoneygate, Knighton, Leicester, Freemen, Aylestone, Eyres Monsell and virtually all of Castle. Another demographic feature is the presence of a large number of students studying at the University of Leicester and De Montfort University, which are both situated in the constituency.
The constituency was first created in 1918, abolished in 1950, and reconstituted in 1974.
Leicester South has over the past few decades seen demographic and economic changes which have altered the balance of the constituency. The seat saw close contests between Conservative and Labour candidates in the 1980s, with Labour MP Jim Marshall losing the seat by just 7 votes to the Conservatives in the 1983 general election but regaining it in 1987. In subsequent elections a general trend indicates a Labour majority has accumulated that since 1987 it has become more of a safe seat however it has not sent all MPs since.
Marshall died in 2004 and the resulting by-election was fiercely contested. Along with a by-election in Birmingham Hodge Hill held on the same day, the Liberal Democrat candidates hoped to build on their previous by-election gain at Brent East, as well all having additional competition, in an anti-Iraq War vote, from RESPECT The Unity Coalition. The seat was won by the Liberal Democrat Parmjit Singh Gill with a majority of 1,654.
Sir Peter Soulsby, who had been the unsuccessful Labour candidate at the 2004 by-election, won the seat at the 2005 election and was re-elected in 2010. Sir Peter resigned to fight the election for the new position of Mayor of Leicester in 2011, triggering a by-election on 5 May 2011, coinciding with the referendum on the voting system. Jon Ashworth was elected as his successor, holding the seat for the Labour Party.
Members of Parliament
|1922||William George Waterhouse Reynolds||Conservative|
|1923||Ronald Wilberforce Allen||Liberal|
MPs since 1974
Elections in the 2010s
|Leicester South by-election, 2011|
|Liberal Democrat||Zuffar Haq||7,693||22.5||-4.4|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||553||1.6||N/A|
|General Election 2010: Leicester South|
|Liberal Democrat||Parmjit Singh Gill||12,671||26.9||-3.7|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Leicester South|
|Liberal Democrat||Parmjit Singh Gill||12,971||30.6||+13.4|
|Socialist Labour||Dave Roberts||315||0.7||-0.9|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing|
|By-election 2004: Leicester South|
|Liberal Democrat||Parmjit Singh Gill||10,274||34.9||+17.7|
|Socialist Labour||Dave Roberts||263||0.9||-0.7|
|Monster Raving Loony||R. U. Seerius||225||0.8||+0.8|
|Independent – Save Our Schools||Pat Kennedy||204||0.7||+0.7|
|Independent (anti-EU)||Mark Edwin Benson||55||0.2||+0.2|
|Independent (yoga and meditation)||Jitendra Bardwaj||36||0.1||+0.1|
|Independent Conservative||Alan Gordon Barrett||25||0.1||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Labour||Swing||21.5|
|General Election 2001: Leicester South|
|Liberal Democrat||Parmjit Singh Gill||7,243||17.2||+3.4|
|Socialist Labour||Arnie Gardner||676||1.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Leicester South|
|Liberal Democrat||Barry Coles||6,654||13.8||+2.1|
|Referendum Party||John Hancock||1,184||2.5||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Jim Dooher||634||1.3||N/A|
|National Democrats||Kevin Sills||307||0.6||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Leicester South|
|Conservative||Dr Michael K. Dutt||18,494||34.6||−6.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs Anne Crumbie||6,271||11.7||−2.0|
|Natural Law||Mrs Patricia A. Saunders||154||0.3||+0.3|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Leicester South|
|Independent Labour||Mohammad M. Mayat||192||0.3||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||R. F. Manners||96||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.7|
|General Election 1983: Leicester South|
|Workers' Party||Dave Roberts||161||0.3||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Leicester South|
|National Front||A. R. Cartwright||940||1.8|
|General Election October 1974: Leicester South|
|National Front||A. R. Cartwright||2,072||4.1|
|Marxist-Leninist (England)||G. H. Rousseau||136||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election February 1974: Leicester South|
|National Front||John Kynaston||1,639||3.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Leicester South
|Labour||Herbert William Bowden||19,541||45.0|
|Conservative||Capt. Rt Hon. Charles Waterhouse||18,373||42.3|
|Liberal||Thomas Allan Pratt||5,509||12.7|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935
|General Election 1931
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929
|Labour||Herbert Brough Usher||16,198||37.4|
|Liberal||Henry George Purchase||8,811||20.3||+0.0|
|General Election 1924
|Labour||Herbert Brough Usher||8,912||29.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Ronald Wilberforce Allen||6,079||20.3|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|General Election 1923
|Liberal||Ronald Wilberforce Allen||14,692||57.9||+8.1|
|Conservative||William George Waterhouse Reynolds||10,674||42.1||-8.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.1|
|General Election 1922: Leicester South
|Conservative||William George Waterhouse Reynolds||12,534||50.2||-27.0|
|Liberal||Ronald Wilberforce Allen||12,425||49.8||n/a|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election 1918
|Labour||Frederick Fox Riley||5,463||22.8|
- coalition coupon
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "88. Parliamentary Borough of Leicester" in "Report of the Boundary Commission (England and Wales)", Cd. 8757, vol III.
- "Initial Report", Boundary Commission for England, Cmd. 7260, p. 30-1.
- "All-Night Debate on New Constituencies", The Times, 25 March 1948, p. 4.
- "Report of Boundary Commissioners for England on Representations relating to certain proposed new Constituencies", Cmd. 7400, p. 5.
- F. W. S. Craig, "Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972", Political Reference Publications, Chichester, 1972, p. 138.
- "The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", Parliamentary Research Services, Chichester, 1983, p. 89.
- "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky (Local Government Chronicle Elections Centre), 1995, p. 109.
- "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Fifth Periodical Review)", BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky (Local Government Chronicle Elections Centre), 2007, p. 108.
- "Vote 2011: Details of elections taking place across UK". BBC News. 13 April 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Leicester South", Guardian Online
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Politico’s Guide to the History of British Political Parties". Politico's. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- UK General Election results: June 1983
- UK General Election results: May 1979
- UK General Election results: October 1974
- UK General Election results: February 1974
- UK General Election results: July 1945
- The Constitutional Year Book (1937), p.210
- The Constitutional Year Book (1933), p.198
- The Constitutional Year Book (1930), p.234