Leigh, Dorset

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Leigh
Leigh, parish church of St. Andrew - geograph.org.uk - 473411.jpg
Parish church of St Andrew
Leigh is located in Dorset
Leigh
Leigh
 Leigh shown within Dorset
Population 480 [1]
District West Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district DT9
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
Website Village website
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°52′32″N 2°32′40″W / 50.8756°N 2.5445°W / 50.8756; -2.5445

Leigh village cross

Leigh (/l/[2]) is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England, situated approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) southsouthwest of Sherborne. It is known as the site of a former Miz Maze. In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 480.

History[edit]

One mile southeast of the village is a 10–acre enclosure called 'The Castle'. The physical remnants on the ground indicate the previous existence of a castle here, although there are no historical records for the site.[3]

Leigh has a village cross with a shaft dating from the 15th century. The parish church, dedicated to St Andrew, was previously a chapel of neighbouring Yetminster. It also dates from the 15th century, though was substantially altered—including the virtual rebuilding of the chancel—in 1854.[4][5]

Miz Maze[edit]

In a field just south of the village are the remains of a turf labyrinth or "Miz Maze", an earthwork of uncertain origin that, centuries ago, may have been used for rituals and as a meeting place. The labyrinth was laid out on banks and in the 17th century was re-cut every year by the young men of the village.[4] It was described in 1815 in the second edition of Hutchins' History of Dorset: "On an eminence in the common, about a quarter of a mile south from the village, is a maze of circular form, surrounded by a bank and ditch, and occupying an eighth part of an acre. The banks of earth of which it is composed are set almost close together, and are somewhat more than one foot in width and about half a foot in height."[6]

Depositions from 1650–1664 state that the Miz Maze is where local witches used to meet.[7] In 1879 the Dorset dialect poet William Barnes presented the Dorset Field Club with a paper in which he wrote "Many years ago I was told by a man of this neighbourhood that a corner of Leigh Common was called 'Witches Corner'; and long after that a friend gave me some old depositions on witchcraft ... one of the witches' sisterhood said that they sometimes met in Leigh Common."[4] The last witch to be burned in England was reputed to have been arrested at a conference here in the 17th century and then executed at Maumbury Rings in Dorchester.[4][7]

There used to be several of these labyrinths in Dorset, though this is the only one where traces still remain,[7] and even here there is little evidence except for small disturbances in the grass surface which can be felt underfoot.[2]

Government[edit]

The parish council has involvement in the maintenance of parish facilities and local issues such as planning applications and conservation. It works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. West Dorset District Council is responsible for planning decisions and building control, local roads, council housing, markets and fairs, environmental health, refuse collection and recycling. Dorset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services including education, social services, public transport, police and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

Leigh is in the West Dorset parliamentary constituency and is currently represented in the House of Commons by Oliver Letwin.

Geography[edit]

Meadow and pastureland south of the village

Leigh is situated in the Blackmore Vale in the West Dorset administrative district. Measured directly, the village is 5 miles (8.0 km) southsouthwest of Sherborne, 6 miles (9.7 km) southeast of Yeovil and 12 miles (19 km) northnorthwest of Dorchester.[8] The surrounding landscape is gently undulating and predominantly agricultural. The underlying geology is Oxford clay which here produces good quality pasture; the village was once known for producing cheese and cider, with at one time every farm possessing an orchard.[9] One mile to the west of the village is the small Wriggle River, which drains into the River Yeo. Approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the south are the chalk hills of the Dorset Downs.

The nearest railway stations are on the Heart of Wessex Line at Chetnole, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the westsouthwest, and Yetminster, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the northwest. The nearest main roads are the A37, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the west, and the A352, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the east.[10]

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census the parish had 225 dwellings,[11] 209 households and a population of 480.[1]

The population of the parish in the censuses between 1921 and 2001 is shown in the table below:

Census Population of Leigh Parish 1921—2001 (except 1941)
Census 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 351 330 290 347 350 400 520 480
Source:Dorset County Council[12]

In 1861 the parish population was 465.[13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area: Leigh (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Matt Wilkinson; Dan Bold (April 2011). "The Dorset walk – Chetnole and Leigh". Dorset Life Magazine. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  3. ^ M A Rodger (February 2009). "Some Lost Castles of Dorset". Dorset Life Magazine. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d Roland Gant (1980). Dorset Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 69. ISBN 0 7091 8135 3. 
  5. ^ "Leigh, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 1: West (1952), pp. 130-132". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. 1952, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ Katherine Barker. "The Mizmaze at Leigh". www.labyrinthos.net. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c West Dorset, Holiday and Tourist Guide. West Dorset District Council. c. 1983. p. 10. 
  8. ^ John Bartholomew & Son Ltd, 1:100,000–scale National Map Series, Sheet 4: Dorset, published 1980
  9. ^ Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset (4 ed.). Robert Hale Ltd. pp. 18, 140. ISBN 0 7090 0844 9. 
  10. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 Landranger Map, Sheet 194: Dorchester & Weymouth, Cerne Abbas & Bere Regis, published 2010
  11. ^ "Area: Leigh (Parish), Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2011. 
  12. ^ "Parishes (A-L), 1921-2001- Census Years". Dorset County Council. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Leigh". Dorset OPC Project. 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 

External links[edit]