Leigh (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leigh
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Leigh in Greater Manchester.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 77,001 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Andy Burnham (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Leigh is a constituency[n 1] in Greater Manchester represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Andy Burnham of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Leigh is a Labour safe seat[3] containing the predominantly low-income area of Leigh, unlike neighbouring towns, not a commuter town due to its lack of a railway station. within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan.

Following the review of parliamentary representation in Greater Manchester in 2009, the Boundary Commission for England recommended alterations to constituencies in the Wigan area. The electoral wards used in the altered Leigh constituency are:

History[edit]

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Since 1922 it has been served by candidates belonging to the Labour Party continuously, which for the political party makes it one of their longest held seats, the most recent incumbent has been a Secretary of State for Health, a department which he shadows as the shadow minister since 2010.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 Caleb Wright Liberal
1895 Charles Prestwich Scott Liberal
1906 Sir John Brunner Liberal
January 1910 Peter Raffan Liberal
1922 Henry Twist Labour
1923 John Tinker Labour
1945 Harold Boardman Labour
1979 Lawrence Cunliffe Labour
2001 Andy Burnham Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Leigh[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andy Burnham 21,295 48.0 −6.5
Conservative Shazia Awan 9,284 20.9 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Chris Blackburn 8,049 18.2 −2.1
BNP Gary Chadwick 2,724 6.1 N/A
UKIP Mary Lavelle 1,535 3.5 N/A
Independent Norman Bradbury 988 2.2 N/A
Independent Terry Dainty 320 0.7 N/A
Christian Ryan Hessell 137 0.3 N/A
Majority 12,011 27.1
Turnout 44,332 62.0 +10.7
Labour hold Swing −4.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Leigh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andy Burnham 23,097 63.3 −1.2
Conservative Laurance Wedderburn 5,825 16.0 −2.2
Liberal Democrat Dave Crowther 4,962 13.6 +0.8
Community Action Ian Franzen 2,185 6.0 N/A
Legalise Cannabis Thomas Hampson 415 1.1 N/A
Majority 17,272 47.3
Turnout 36,484 50.3 +0.6
Labour hold Swing +0.5
General Election 2001: Leigh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andy Burnham 22,783 64.5 −4.4
Conservative Andrew Oxley 6,421 18.2 +2.6
Liberal Democrat Ray Atkins 4,524 12.8 +1.6
Socialist Labour William Kelly 820 2.3 N/A
UKIP Chris Best 750 2.1 N/A
Majority 16,362 46.3
Turnout 35,298 49.7 −16.0
Labour hold Swing −3.5

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Leigh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Lawrence Cunliffe 31,652 68.9 +7.6
Conservative Edward Young 7,156 15.6 −9.9
Liberal Democrat Peter Hough 5,163 11.2 −1.4
Referendum Party Roy Constable 1,949 4.2 N/A
Majority 24,496 53.3
Turnout 45,920 65.7
Labour hold Swing +8.8
General Election 1992: Leigh[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 32,225 61.3 +2.7
Conservative Joseph R.S. Egerton 13,398 25.5 −0.8
Liberal Democrat Robert M. Bleakley 6,621 12.6 −2.5
Natural Law Adrian P. Tayler 320 0.6 N/A
Majority 18,827 35.8 +3.4
Turnout 52,564 75.0 +0.9
Labour hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Leigh[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 30,064 58.6
Conservative Louis B. Brown 13,458 26.3
Social Democratic Steven D. Jones 7,743 15.1
Majority 16,606 32.4
Turnout 51,265 74.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Leigh[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 25,477 51.2
Conservative Paul Johnstone 13,163 26.8
Social Democratic David Eccles 10,468 21.3
Majority 12,314 25.1
Turnout 49,108 72.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Leigh[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 27,736 54.1
Conservative David Shaw 18,713 36.5
Liberal M Godwin 4,796 9.4
Majority 9,023 17.6
Turnout 51,245 76.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Leigh[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 27,036 56.2
Conservative M Williams 12,401 25.8
Liberal R D Pemberton 8,640 18.0
Majority 14,635 30.4
Turnout 73.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Leigh[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 26,310 51.0
Conservative L Lewisham 12,663 24.6
Liberal R D Pemberton 12,594 24.4
Majority 13,647 26.5
Turnout 80.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Leigh[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 26,625 58.2
Conservative J McGuire 15,314 33.5
Ratepayers J Knowles 3,776 8.3
Majority 11,311 27.7
Turnout 71.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Leigh[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 29,552 68.7
Conservative R Hipkiss 13,490 31.3
Majority 16,062 37.3
Turnout 74.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Leigh[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 30,102 67.5
Conservative N M Brown 14,478 32.5
Majority 15,624 35.1
Turnout 77.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Leigh[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 31,672 65.2
Conservative W Cameron 16,897 34.8
Majority 14,775 30.4
Turnout 82.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Leigh[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 30,098 62.4
Conservative J Leck 18,142 37.6
Majority 11,956 24.8
Turnout 80.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Leigh[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 33,881 63.4
Conservative H D Moore 19,585 36.6
Majority 14,296 26.7
Turnout 86.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Leigh[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 34,320 63.5
Conservative J Whiteley 19,720 36.5
Majority 14,600 27.0
Turnout 87.4
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Leigh[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harold Boardman 32,447 69.8
Conservative E H Hill 14,029 30.2
Majority 18,418 39.6
Turnout 81.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Leigh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Tinker Unopposed
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Leigh
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Tinker 23,965 52.32
Conservative P.T. Eckersley 21,837 47.68
Majority 2,128 4.65
Turnout 87.38
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Leigh[20]

Electorate 50,982

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Joseph Tinker 25,635 57.0
Unionist Claude Herbert Grundy 10,942 24.3
Liberal Thomas Hardy 8,435 18.7 n/a
Majority 14,693 32.7
Turnout 88.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Leigh[21]

Electorate 38,010

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Joseph Tinker 17,262 51.5
Unionist Edwin Owen 16,247 48.5
Majority 1,015 3.0
Turnout 88.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Leigh[22]

Electorate 37,597

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Joseph Tinker 13,989 43.0 -2.0
Liberal Robert Abraham Burrows 9,854 30.3 +9.2
Unionist Herbert Metcalfe 8,664 26.7 -7.2
Majority 4,135 12.7
Turnout 86.5
Labour hold Swing -5.6
General Election 1922 : Leigh[23]

Electorate 37,050

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Henry Twist 15,006 45.0
Unionist Herbert Metcalfe 11,279 33.9 n/a
Liberal Joseph Ashworth 7,012 21.1
Majority 3,727 11.1
Turnout 89.9 +23.0
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Leigh[24]

Electorate 35,912

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Peter Wilson Raffan 12,892 53.6
Labour Richard Owen Jones 11,146 46.4 n/a
Majority 1,746 7.2
Turnout 66.9
Liberal hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910: Leigh[25]

Electorate 14,150

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Peter Wilson Raffan 6,790 55.2 +15.0
Conservative W T Oversby 5,507 44.8 +9.7
Majority
Turnout 86.9 -6.7
Liberal hold Swing +2.6
General Election January 1910: Leigh[26]

Electorate 14,150

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Peter Wilson Raffan 5,325 40.2
Conservative F C Smith 4,646 35.1
Labour Thomas Greenall 3,268 24.7 n/a
Majority 679 5.1
Turnout 93.6
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Leigh[27]

Electorate 13,380

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Fowler Leece Brunner 7,175 58.1 +7.5
Conservative Donald MacMaster 5,169 41.9 -7.5
Majority 2,006 16.2 +15.0
Turnout 92.3 +5.3
Liberal hold Swing +7.5
General Election 1900: Leigh[28]

Electorate 11,907

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Prestwich Scott 5,239 50.6
Conservative William Walter Augustine Fitzgerald 5,119 49.4
Majority 120 1.2
Turnout 87.0
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Leigh [29]

Electorate 10,763

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Prestwich Scott 5,130 53.5 -1.6
Conservative William Walter Augustine Fitzgerald 4,453 46.5 +1.6
Majority 677 7.0 -3.2
Turnout 89.0 -1.4
Liberal hold Swing -1.6
General Election 1892: Leigh [30]

Electorate 9,839

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Caleb Wright 4,899 55.1
Conservative W C Jones 3,995 44.9
Majority 904 10.2
Turnout 90.4
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Leigh [31]

Electorate 8,572

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Caleb Wright 4,297 57.8 -0.7
Conservative William Henry Myers 3,134 42.2 +0.7
Majority 1,163 15.6 -1.4
Turnout 86.7
Liberal hold Swing -0.7
General Election 1885: Leigh [32]

Electorate 8,572

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Caleb Wright 4,621 58.5 n/a
Conservative Lees Knowles 3,275 41.5 n/a
Majority 1,346 17.0 n/a
Turnout 92.1 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
  3. ^ The seat has the 97th largest share of the vote for the Labour Party from 2010[2]
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/elections/results/general_elections/uk-general-election-2010/leigh The figure reported by the BBC for Burnham (24,295) was incorrect
  6. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  7. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  8. ^ "UK General Election results April 1983". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  9. ^ "UK General Election results April 1979". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  10. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  11. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  12. ^ "UK General Election results `970". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results 1966". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  14. ^ "UK General Election results 1964". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results 1959". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results 1955". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results 1951". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  18. ^ "UK General Election results `950". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  19. ^ "UK General Election results 1945". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  20. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  21. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  22. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  23. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  24. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  25. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  26. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  27. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  28. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  29. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  30. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  31. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  32. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Coordinates: 53°30′N 2°30′W / 53.50°N 2.50°W / 53.50; -2.50