||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2007)|
Leiji Matsumoto in 2008
|Birth name||Akira Matsumoto (松本 晟 Matsumoto Akira?)|
January 25, 1938 |
Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan
|Field||character design, illustration|
|Works||Space Battleship Yamato, Captain Harlock, Galaxy Express 999|
|Awards||Order of the Rising Sun
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Leiji Matsumoto (松本 零士 Matsumoto Reiji?, born Akira Matsumoto (松本 晟), January 25, 1938 in Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan) is a well-known creator of several anime and manga series. His wife Miyako Maki is also known as a manga artist.
Matsumoto is famous for his space operas such as Space Battleship Yamato. His style is characterized by tragic heroes; tall, slender, fragile-looking heroines with strong wills and in some cases, god-like powers; and a love of analog gauges and dials in his spacecraft.
Matsumoto made his debut under his real name, Akira Matsumoto, in 1953. His wife is shōjo manga artist Miyako Maki (better known as the creator of the doll Licca-chan, the Japanese equivalent of Barbie).
Matsumoto had his big break with Otoko Oidon, a series that chronicled the life of a rōnin (a young man who was preparing himself for entrance examinations to universities and colleges), in 1971. Around the same time he started a series of unconnected short stories set during World War II, Senjo Manga Series, which would eventually become popular under the title The Cockpit.
He was involved in Space Battleship Yamato (1974) and created the highly popular series Space Pirate Captain Harlock and Galaxy Express 999 (both 1977). In 1978, he was awarded the Shogakukan Manga Award for shōnen for Galaxy Express 999 and Senjo Manga Series. Animated versions of Captain Harlock and Galaxy Express 999 are set in the same universe, which spanned several spin offs and related series, most notably Queen Emeraldas and Queen Millennia.
Matsumoto supervised the creation of several music videos for the French house group Daft Punk, set to tracks from their album Discovery. These videos were issued end-to-end (making a full-length animated movie) on a DVD release titled Interstella 5555: The 5tory of the 5ecret 5tar 5ystem.
About two dozen bronze statues – each perhaps four feet tall – of characters and scenes from Space Battleship Yamato and Galaxy Express 999 were erected in the downtown area of Tsuruga in 1999. Each statue includes a plaque at its base explaining the character, and featuring Matsumoto's signature.
Matsumoto worked with Yoshinobu Nishizaki on Space Battleship Yamato (known outside Japan under various names but most commonly as Star Blazers). Matsumoto created a manga loosely based on the series, and the Yamato makes cameo appearances (sans crew) in several of his works including the Galaxy Express 999 manga.
A recent work by Matsumoto called Great Yamato featuring an updated Yamato had to be renamed Great Galaxy due to legal issues with Nishizaki. As of 2009, Matsumoto and Nishizaki were working on independent anime projects featuring the acclaimed Space Battleship Yamato, with the conditions that Matsumoto cannot use the name Yamato or the plot or characters from the original, and Nishizaki cannot use the conceptual art, character or ship designs of the original. Since Nishizaki's death in 2010, it is uncertain whether these restrictions will continue to apply.
List of works
- Arei no Kagami (1985)
- Fairy Hotaruna
- Space Battleship Yamato (1974)
- Planet Robot Danguard Ace (part of the U.S. Force Five anthology series, as Dangard Ace; 1977–1978)
- Galaxy Express 999 (1977–1981)
- Space Pirate Captain Harlock (1977–1979)
- Starzinger (part of the Force Five anthology series, as Spaceketeers) (1978–1979)
- Queen Millennia (aka Queen of 1000 Years)
- Arcadia of My Youth
- Arcadia of My Youth: Endless Orbit SSX
- The Cockpit
- Maeterlinck's Blue Bird: Tyltyl and Mytyl's Adventurous Journey
- Queen Emeraldas
- Tiger-Striped Mii
- The Ultimate Time Sweeper Mahoroba (manga)
- Fire Force DNAsights 999.9
- Harlock Saga Der Ring des Nibelungen
- Maetel Legend
- Cosmo Warrior Zero
- Gun Frontier (1972–1975)
- Great Galaxy (formerly Great Yamato)
- Space Pirate Captain Herlock: The Endless Odyssey
- Pu Pu (1974)
- Interstella 5555: The 5tory of the 5ecret 5tar 5ystem (2003) (In cooperation with Daft Punk)
- The Galaxy Railways
- Great Yamato #0
- Space Symphony Maetel
- Submarine Super 99 (1964)
- Kousoku Esper (1968–1970)
- Sexaroid (1968–1970)
- Machinner series (1969–1970)
- Mystery Eve (1970–1971)
- Dai-yojo-han series (1970–1974)
- Otoko Oidon (1971–73)
- Senjo Manga series (1973–1978)
- Insect (1975)
- Saint Elmo – Hikari no Raihousha
- "Leiji Matsumoto, Shigeru Mizuki Earn Government Honors – News". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
- "Celebrated Manga Author Leiji Matsumoto Honored With Prestigious Ordre des Arts et des Lettres At The Rank Of Knight". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
- "牧美也子 のプロフィール". allcinema. 1935-07-29. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
- "小学館漫画賞：歴代受賞者" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2007-08-19.
- [dead link]
- "Leiji Matsumoto 1978 Interview". StarBlazers.com. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- "Leiji Matsumoto 1976 Interview". StarBlazers.com. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- "宇宙戦艦ヤマト事件判決". law.co.jp. Retrieved 2008-07-20.(Japanese)
- "Yamato dispute arises again". Anime News Network. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- "Cosmoship Yamato Part 1: The Leiji Matsumoto Manga". StarBlazers.com. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "Cosmoship Yamato Part 2: The Leiji Matsumoto Manga". StarBlazers.com. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "Leiji Matsumoto: A Tribute". StarBlazers.com. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leiji Matsumoto.|
- (Japanese) Leiji Matsumoto Official Home Page
- Leiji Matsumoto at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- Leiji Matsumoto at the Internet Movie Database
- Entry in the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction
- Ozma interview
- Ozma interview with Asahi Shimbun