The main river of the district is the Weiße Elster (white elster), which also flows through the city of Leipzig itself. The area south of Leipzig is a big lignite day mining area, which will be recultivated as a lakeland in the near future. The lignite also made the area the main industrial area of East Germany.
The lion to the right is the symbol of the Counts of Meissen, the vertical blue strips in the bottom is the symbol of the pales of Landsberg. Both symbols are also present in the coat of arms of the city Leipzig. In the left a wavy line on green ground symbolizes the river Weiße Elster.