Leisurama was a line of inexpensive prefabricated houses which were available for purchase through Macy's department stores in the United States in the mid-1960s. The precursor to the final design was shown at the 1959 American National Exhibition in Moscow, which provoked the noted Kitchen Debate between Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev.
Over 200 Leisurama houses are part of the Culloden Point vacation home development in Montauk, New York, which was constructed between 1963 and 1965 and was subject of a 2005 documentary, titled Leisurama, broadcast by PBS. Some of the Leisurama homes were exhibited at the 1964 New York World's Fair, Lauderhill, Florida is another location which features numerous Leisurama houses.
In 1959, Andrew Geller, vice president of the Housing and Home Components department at Loewy/Snaith, supervised the design for the exhibition, the "Typical American House," built at the American National Exhibition in Moscow in 1959. The exhibition home largely replicated a home previously built at 398 Townline Road in Commack, New York, which had been originally designed by Stanley H. Klein for a Long Island-based firm, All-State Properties – later known as Sadkin enterprises – headed by developer Herbert Sadkin. To accommodate visitors to the exhibition, Sadkin hired Loewy's office to modify Klein's floor plan. Geller supervised the work, which "split" the house, creating a way for large numbers of visitors to tour the small house and giving rise to its nickname, Splitnik, a pun on the Soviet satellite Sputnik.
During the exhibition, on July 24, 1959, Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev engaged in what became known as the Kitchen Debate — an informal debate over the relative merits of capitalism and Communism, with Khrushchev avowing Americans could not afford the luxury represented by the "Typical American House". Tass, the Soviet news agency said: "There is no more truth in showing this as the typical home of the American worker than, say, in showing the Taj Mahal as the typical home of a Bombay textile worker."
The temporary "Typical American House" exhibit was demolished, and the developer hired William Safire as the company's marketing agent. All-State later hired Geller to design the homes, marketed at Macy's and built on Long Island – leveraging the press coverage from the Russian exhibition.
Visitors to Macy's could view and purchase an entire home – down to and including a 45 piece, eight place setting of Melmac dishware – which was displayed on the ninth floor at the store's Herald Square flagship store . The houses were marketed aggressively, and Sadkin built approximately 200 of the homes in a development called "Culloden Point" in Montauk, New York in 1963 and 1964. All-State went on develop Leisurama homes in an area near Fort Lauderdale, which grew into the city of Lauderhill.
In 2003, The New York Times described the Macy's homes:
The package deal included a 730- to 1,200-square-foot house on a 75-by-100-foot lot, as well as state-of-the art appliances, furniture, housewares and everything else a family would need for a weekend in the sun, including toothbrushes and toilet paper. The cost was roughly $13,000 to $17,000.
- cf. Sahre, p.227. "All-State Properties built two Leisuramas the New York World's Fair in 1964 on the northwest portion of the fairground on an avenue called 'Court of the Moon'."
- "The Kitchen Debate’s Actual Kitchen". New York Magazine, Justin Davidson, May 8, 2011.
- Mead, Julia (August 3, 2003). "When a Slice of Beach 'Utopia' Could Be Had for Under $17,000". The New York Times.
- Paquette, Carole (April 6, 2003). "Macy's Montauk Houses, Cold War Footnote". The New York Times.
- "Herbert Sadkin, 72, Former L.I. Developer". The New York Times. February 18, 1989.
- cf. Geller's "split" home at the American National Exhibition
- cf. 398 Townline Road, Commack, New York, designed by Stanley H. Klein
- Gordon, Alastair (July 22, 1999). "Andrew Geller; In Search of Fun Among the Dunes". The New York Times.
- cf. Outline specifications for Leisurama homes on the Design Community website
- cf. List of home contents furnished with Leisurama homes on the Design Community website
- Gordon, Alastair, Weekend Utopia: Modern Living in the Hamptons, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2001. ISBN 978-1-56898-272-4
- Sahre, Paul, Leisurama Now: The Beach House for Everyone (1964-), New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-56898-709-5
- Popular Mechanics, November 1962 issue, advertisement on page 231
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