Lejopyge laevigata

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Lejopyge laevigata
Temporal range: GuzhangianPaibian
Lejopyge laevigata.jpg
Illustration of Lejopyge laevigata[1]
Lejopyge laevigata pygidium.jpg
Lejopyge laevigata pygidium
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Trilobita
Order: Agnostida
Family: Ptychagnostidae
Genus: Lejopyge
Species: † L. laevigata
Binomial name
Lejopyge laevigata
(Dalman, 1828)
Synonyms
  • Agnostus laevigatus (Dalman, 1828)
  • Battus laevigatus Dalman, 1828

Lejopyge laevigata is a species of agnostid trilobite belonging to the genus Lejopyge. It existed during the Guzhangian to the Paibian Age (around ~500.5 to ~497 million years ago) of the Cambrian. It has a cosmopolitan distribution and is an important index fossil in biostratigraphy.

Description[edit]

Lejopyge laevigata exhibits a cephalon and pygidium that are smooth and almost featureless (effaced). Both possess axial furrows that gradually become shallower until they disappear distally. They surround the rear edges of the glabella (reaching about as far or a little past the basal glabellar lobes) and the anterior end of the central lobe of the pygidium. Basal furrows are also present. The genae ("cheeks") are usually smooth, but in extremely rare cases they may possess small pits (scrobicules) of moderate depth. The border around the pygidium is uniform in width at the back and narrows towards the front.[2][3][4][5] Like all members of the suborder Agnostina, Lejopyge laevigata is completely blind.[6]

Distribution[edit]

Lejopyge laevigata has a cosmopolitan distribution, making it an ideal intercontinental correlation tool in biostratigraphy. It has been described from Argentina, Australia (including Tasmania), China, Denmark (including Greenland), Germany, India, Kazakhstan, Norway, Poland, Turkestan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States (including rare finds in Alaska).[4][7]

Taxonomy[edit]

Lejopyge laevigata is classified under the genus Lejopyge of the family Ptychagnostidae.[2] It was originally described in 1828 by the Swedish naturalist Johan Wilhelm Dalman as Battus laevigatus. In a monograph on Bohemian trilobites, Prodrom einer Monographie der böhmischen Trilobiten (1847), the Czech fossil collector Ignaz Hawle and botanist August Carl Joseph Corda established the genus Lejopyge using B. laevigatus as the type species.[8][9]

Lejopyge armata was formerly classified as a subspecies of Lejopyge laevigata. The former differs from the latter in having spines on both the cephalon and the pygidium, a characteristic unique to the entire genus. They are sometimes found together, but most collections are uniformly composed of either of them, which rules out sexual dimorphism as an explanation for the differences. Due to this, the American paleontologist Richard A. Robison separated Lejopyge armata from Lejopyge laevigata in 1984.[2][4][10]

Biostratigraphy[edit]

Lejopyge laevigata is used in biostratigraphy as an index fossil. Its first appearance at the GSSP section of the Huaqiao Formation in Hunan, China is defined as the beginning of the Guzhangian Age (around ~500.5 million years ago) of the Cambrian Series 3 (Middle Cambrian). It has also been used as a zonal guide in various fossil localities around the world.[4][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nils Peter Angelin (1851–1878). Gustaf Lindström, ed. Palæontologica Scandinavica, Pars I: Crustacea Formationis Transitionis. Holmiæ. pp. 8; pl.6, f.10. 
  2. ^ a b c Richard A. Robison (1984). "Cambrian trilobites of east-central Alaska". Cambrian Agnostida of North America and Greenland: Part I: Ptychagnostidae. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions: Paper 109. Paleontological Institute, University of Kansas. pp. 1–60. ISSN 0075-5052. 
  3. ^ Brian Daily & James B. Jago (1975). "The Trilobite Lejopyge Hawle and Corda and the middle-upper Cambrian boundary". Palaeontology 18 (3): 527–550. 
  4. ^ a b c d Anders Bengtsson (1999). "Trilobites and bradoriid arthropods from the Middle and Upper Cambrian at Gudhem in Västergötland, Sweden". Examensarbete i geologi vid Lunds Universitet, Historisk geologi och paleontologi (Nr 106): 1–21. 
  5. ^ Allison R. Palmer (1968). "Cambrian trilobites of east-central Alaska". Lower paleozoic paleontology and stratigraphy, east-central Alaska. Geological Survey Professional paper 559-B. United States Geological Survey, US Department of the Interior, United States Government Printing Office. p. B28. 
  6. ^ Samuel M. Gon III. "Agnostida Fact Sheet". A Guide to the Orders of Trilobites. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Shanchi Peng, Loren E. Babcock, Jingxun Zuo, Huanling Lin, Xuejian Zhu, Xianfeng Yang, Richard A. Robison, Yuping Qi, Gabriella Bagnoli, & Yong'an Chen (2009). "The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Guzhangian S tage (Cambrian) in the Wuling Mountains, Northwestern Hunan, China". Episodes 32 (1): 41–56. 
  8. ^ "Lejopyge laevigata". Paleobiology Database. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Oldřich Fatka & Petr Budil (2012). "Foreword". In Petr Budil & Oldřich Fatka. The 5th Conference on Trilobites and their relatives, 1st – 4th July 2012, Prague, Czech Republic. Česká geologická služba. p. 5. ISBN 9788070757871. 
  10. ^ Richard A. Robison (1988). "Trilobites of the Holm Dal Formation (late Middle Cambrian), central North Greenland". Meddelelser om Grønland. Geoscience 20: 23–103.