Leland Stanford, Jr.

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Leland Stanford Jr.
Lelandstanfordjr.jpg
Leland Stanford (1872)
Born (1868-05-14)May 14, 1868
Sacramento, California
Died March 13, 1884(1884-03-13) (aged 15)
Florence, Italy
Other names Leland DeWitt Stanford
Known for Namesake of Stanford University
Leland Stanford's death mask on display at the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts

Leland Stanford Jr. (May 14, 1868 – March 13, 1884 in Florence, Italy), Leland DeWitt Stanford until age nine,[1] is the namesake of Stanford University, adjacent to Palo Alto, California, United States.

Early life[edit]

He was the only child of Governor Leland Stanford of California and his wife Jane Stanford née Lathrop.

Illness and death[edit]

Leland Jr. caught typhoid two months before his 16th birthday, while on a Grand Tour of Europe with his parents. He originally fell ill in Athens. His parents rushed him to Italy for medical treatment, first to Naples, then to Rome, and eventually to Florence, where he died after weeks of alternately improving and worsening.[2]

Stanford University[edit]

Leland Stanford Sr. told his wife that "the children of California shall be our children."[3][4][5] In his honor, returning to the United States, his parents devoted their fortune to a memorial, Leland Stanford Junior University in his name. The university opened its doors in 1891.

Leland Stanford Jr. is interred beside his parents at the Stanford family mausoleum on the Stanford campus. After the death of his father on June 21, 1893, his mother guided the development of the university until her death on February 28, 1905.

Nomenclature[edit]

Although the University is generally referred to as "Stanford University" or "Stanford," its official name is still "Leland Stanford Junior University," as seen on the university seal. The Stanford Band always calls itself "the Leland Stanford Junior University Marching Band" (LSJUMB).[6]

A student drinking song refers to the institution as "the Leland Stanford Junior Farm".[7]

As a jest, students at rival schools occasionally refer to Stanford as a "junior university", a play on the name "Leland Stanford Junior University."

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Stanford Founders
  2. ^ Mirielees, Edith R., Stanford:The Story of a University, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1959, page 20
  3. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. II, p. 129. New York: James T. White & Company, 1899. Reprint of 1891 edition.
  4. ^ Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. XVII, p. 504. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1935.
  5. ^ Cleveland Amory, Who Killed Society?, pp. 432-433. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1960.
  6. ^ Stanford Band website
  7. ^ "Give slimy invertebrates a slug of beer". The Day. June 8, 1997. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 

External links[edit]