The railway station and old station building. The building is now a private house.
Lelant shown within Cornwall
|OS grid reference|
|– London||300 mi (480 km) ENE|
|Civil parish||St Ives|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||ST. IVES|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||St Ives|
Lelant (Cornish: Lannanta) is a village in west Cornwall, England. It is on the west side of the River Hayle estuary about 2 1⁄2 miles (4.0 km) southeast of St Ives and one mile (1.6 km) west of Hayle.
The name is derived from the Cornish lann and Anta, meaning Church-site of Anta. The earliest attested spelling is Lananta in about 1170. Nothing is known about Anta, and Lelant parish church is dedicated to St Uny. However, Carbis Bay church is dedicated to St Anta. Langdon (1896) records nine stone crosses in the parish, of which four are in the churchyard.
Lelant was a seaport in the Middle Ages, but the trade was lost to St Ives when the estuary silted up. At Lower Lelant is a house called The Abbey which was built in the 16th century and renovated in the 18th.
In 1831 it was reported that much granite was quarried here, and that there were several tin mines nearby.
The family of Praed were landowners here for many centuries. The early 19th century politician and poet Winthrop Mackworth Praed was a member of the family, though he did not live in Cornwall.
Lelant was formerly an ecclesiastical parish and the village is part of St Ives civil parish (meaning that it falls within the parish area of St Ives Town Council) and also in St Ives parliamentary constituency. The birth, marriage, and death registration district is Penzance.
Lelant lies on the short A3074 road that leads to Carbis Bay and St Ives, just to the north of the main A30 after it bypasses Hayle and where it swings south-westwards across country towards its end at Penzance on the south coast, about six miles away.
The village is served by two railway stations on the St Ives branch. The original station, Lelant, was built by the Great Western Railway in 1877 to serve Lelant village. Lelant Saltings was built in 1978 as park and ride station to relieve traffic congestion in St Ives and Carbis Bay.
- Jim Barnes, golfer; winner of the PGA Championship, the U.S. Open, and the British Open.
- Philip Christophers, member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, Canada.
- Rosamunde Pilcher, author of romance novels.
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
- Mills, A. D. (1991). The Popular Dictionary of English Place-Names. Parragon Book Service Ltd & Magpie Books. p. 208. ISBN 0-7525-1851-8.
- Archives of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, Number 3672.
- For further information about the forms of this place name see: Gover, J. E. B. (1948) The place names of Cornwall volume 6, pages 635-658 (typescript at the Royal Institution of Cornwall and reference copy at the Cornwall Record Office, Truro); research note books on Cornish place names of Oliver Padel (at the Institute of Cornish Studies, Tremough); and Adams, Maxwell. "The real and true name of Lelant". Lelant website. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
- GENUKI website; Lelant. Retrieved April 2010.
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; p. 100
- Adams, Maxwell. "Lelant Administration". Lelant website. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
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