Lelant

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Lelant
Lelantrear.jpg
The railway station and old station building. The building is now a private house.
Lelant is located in Cornwall
Lelant
Lelant
 Lelant shown within Cornwall
OS grid reference SW544372
   – London 300 mi (480 km)  ENE
Civil parish St Ives
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ST. IVES
Postcode district TR26
Dialling code 01736
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament St Ives
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°11′02″N 5°26′24″W / 50.184°N 5.440°W / 50.184; -5.440

Lelant (Cornish: Lannanta[1]) is a village in west Cornwall, England. It is on the west side of the River Hayle estuary about 2 12 miles (4.0 km) southeast of St Ives and one mile (1.6 km) west of Hayle.[2]

History[edit]

The name is derived from the Cornish lann and Anta, meaning Church-site of Anta.[3] The earliest attested spelling is Lananta in about 1170.[4][5] Nothing is known about Anta, and Lelant parish church is dedicated to St Uny.[6] However, Carbis Bay church is dedicated to St Anta. Langdon (1896) records nine stone crosses in the parish, of which four are in the churchyard.

Lelant was a seaport in the Middle Ages, but the trade was lost to St Ives when the estuary silted up. At Lower Lelant is a house called The Abbey which was built in the 16th century and renovated in the 18th.[7]

In 1831 it was reported that much granite was quarried here, and that there were several tin mines nearby.[6]

The family of Praed were landowners here for many centuries. The early 19th century politician and poet Winthrop Mackworth Praed was a member of the family, though he did not live in Cornwall.

Lelant was formerly an ecclesiastical parish and the village is part of St Ives civil parish (meaning that it falls within the parish area of St Ives Town Council) and also in St Ives parliamentary constituency. The birth, marriage, and death registration district is Penzance.[8]

Transport[edit]

The South West Coast Path overlooking Porth Kidney in 2008.

Lelant lies on the short A3074 road that leads to Carbis Bay and St Ives, just to the north of the main A30 after it bypasses Hayle and where it swings south-westwards across country towards its end at Penzance on the south coast, about six miles away.

The village is served by two railway stations on the St Ives branch. The original station, Lelant, was built by the Great Western Railway in 1877 to serve Lelant village. Lelant Saltings was built in 1978 as park and ride station to relieve traffic congestion in St Ives and Carbis Bay.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.magakernow.org.uk/idoc.ashx?docid=f3fabe0c-206f-4e0c-8889-4ce4a5060e5b&version=-1
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  3. ^ Mills, A. D. (1991). The Popular Dictionary of English Place-Names. Parragon Book Service Ltd & Magpie Books. p. 208. ISBN 0-7525-1851-8. 
  4. ^ Archives of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, Number 3672.
  5. ^ For further information about the forms of this place name see: Gover, J. E. B. (1948) The place names of Cornwall volume 6, pages 635-658 (typescript at the Royal Institution of Cornwall and reference copy at the Cornwall Record Office, Truro); research note books on Cornish place names of Oliver Padel (at the Institute of Cornish Studies, Tremough); and Adams, Maxwell. "The real and true name of Lelant". Lelant website. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  6. ^ a b GENUKI website; Lelant. Retrieved April 2010.
  7. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; p. 100
  8. ^ Adams, Maxwell. "Lelant Administration". Lelant website. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 

External links[edit]