Leleiohoku II

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Leleiohoku II
Crown Prince of the Hawaiian Islands
Leleiohoku (PP-98-8-014).jpg
Full name
William Pitt Leleiohoku II Kalahoʻolewa
House House of Kalākaua
Father Caesar Kaluaiku Kapaʻakea
Mother Analea Keohokālole
Ruth Keʻelikōlani (hānai)
Born (1854-01-10)January 10, 1854
Honolulu, Oʻahu,
Died April 9, 1877(1877-04-09) (aged 23)
Honolulu, Oʻahu,
Burial April 25, 1877[1]
Mauna ʻAla Royal Mausoleum
Signature

Prince William Pitt Leleiohoku II, born William Pitt Kalahoʻolewa (1854–1877), was a prince of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi and member of the reigning House of Kalākaua.[2] He is remembered for composing the Hawaiian War Chant.

Life[edit]

Leleiohoku in his teens.

He was initially named Kalahoʻolewa meaning "the day of the funeral" in Hawaiian because his birth coincided with the funeral of King Kamehameha III.[3] He was the youngest brother of James Kaliokalani, David Kalākaua, Liliʻuokalani, Anna Kaiulani, Kaʻiminaʻauao, and Miriam K. Likelike. Shortly after his birth he became the hānai (adopted son) of Princess Ruth Keʻelikōlani who named him after her late husband High Chief William Pitt Leleiohoku. Leleiohoku means "Fled in the time of Hoku" in Hawaiian and commemorates the day Kamehameha I died on the Hawaiian calendar.[4]:212 Princess Ruth also named Leleiohoku II heir to her vast holding of most of the Kamehameha lands but he predeceased her. He was educated at the present day ʻIolani School, which was called the Saint Alban's College at the time. An accomplished musician, he founded several royal choral societies that survive today including the Kawaihaʻo Church Singing Club. He was named the Crown Prince by his brother Kalākaua in 1874, with the consent of the House of Nobles and granted the title of Prince and style of "His Royal Highness". He became a member of the Privy Council and House of Nobles[5] and ruled as Prince-regent when Kalākaua visited the United States.

Death[edit]

On April 10, 1877 at the age of 23, Prince Leleiohoku died of rheumatic fever. Because Leleiohoku was unmarried and had no children, his brother King Kalākaua named their sister Liliʻuokalani Crown Princess. It was said that Keʻelikōlani had wished that Kalākaua had chosen her instead of Liliʻuokalani, but making her heir would make Bernice Pauahi Bishop next in line to the throne. He is buried in the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii.

Compositions[edit]

He composed many songs (many based on folk tunes), and was included in the Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame.[6]

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David W. Forbes, ed. (2001). Hawaiian national bibliography, 1780-1900 3. University of Hawaii Press. p. 642. ISBN 0-8248-2503-9. 
  2. ^ Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen
  3. ^ Paradise of the Pacific - Volume 45, Issue 8 - Page ii
  4. ^ Samuel Kamakau (1991). Ruling chiefs of Hawaii (Revised ed.). Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press. ISBN 0-87336-014-1. 
  5. ^ "Leleiohoku, William P.Prince office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  6. ^ "William Pitt Leleiohoku". Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  7. ^ a b Christopher Buyers. "Kauai Genealogy". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved May 21, 2013.