Lemdadella

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Lemdadella
Temporal range: Late Atdabanian
[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Trilobita
Order: Redlichiida
Suborder: Redlichiina
Family: Redlichiidae
Genus: Lemdadella
Sdzuy, 1978
Species
  • L. spectabilis Sdzuy, 1978 (Type)
  • L. antarcticae Palmer in Palmer and Rowell, 1995
  • L. linaresae Liñán Guijarro, 1978
  • L. perejoni Liñán c.s., 2005

Lemdadella is an extinct genus of trilobite arthropods. The genus lived during the late Atdabanian stage,[1] which lasted from 530 to 524 million years ago during the early part of the Cambrian Period.

Distribution[edit]

  • Lemdadella sp. occurs in the Lower Cambrian of Morocco (Botomian, Ounein A bioherm, Lemdad 1 section, High Atlas )[2]
  • Lemdadella linaresae was collected in the Lower Cambrian of Spain (Atdabanian, Pedroche Formation, Member 1, Puente de Hierro Section)[3]
  • Lemdadella sp. was found in the Lower Cambrian of Antarctica (Toyonian, Shackleton Limestone; BC-BD collections)[4]
  • Lemdadella antarcticae occurs in the Lower Cambrian of Antarctica (Atdabanian, Shackleton Limestone; BC-BD collections)[5]

Description[edit]

Glabella gently tapered forward. At the midline, a ridge between the glabella and the border of the cephalon (a so-called plectrum) may be present. Crescent-shaped eye-ridges. Thorax not divided in prothorax and opisthothorax, no macropleural segment.[6]

Biostratigraphy[edit]

Lemdadella is currently the oldest trilobite genus known, dating back to about ~521 million years ago. The International Commission on Stratigraphy has proposed that the first appearance datum of trilobites should be used as the lower boundary of Cambrian Series 2 and Cambrian Stage 3.[7] If this proposal will be defined as a GSSP, it will most likely use the first appearance of Lemdadella, a species of Lemdadella, or a trilobite zone that includes Lemdadella. The age and global distribution of Lemdadella are therefore of key importance for the Stratigraphy of the Cambrian.[8]

The following trilobite zones contain Lemdadella (Brackets contain geographic distribution):[8]

  • Fallotaspis zone (Spain, Laurentia)
  • Eoredlichia-Yunnanocephalus zone (Antarctica)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Trilobita entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  2. ^ Geyer, G.; Landing, E.; Heldmaier, W. (1995). "Faunas and depositional environments of the Cambrian of the Moroccan Atlas regions". Beringeria. Special Issue 2: 47–119. 
  3. ^ Liñán, E.; Dies, M.E.; Vintaned, J.A.G.; Gozalo, R.; Mayoral, E.; Muñiz, F (2005). "Lower Ovetian (Lower Cambrian) trilobites and biostratigraphy of the Pedroche Formation (Sierra de Córdoba, southern Spain)". Géobios 38: 365–381. 
  4. ^ Palmer, A.R.; Rowell, A.J. (1995). "Early Cambrian trilobites from the Shackleton Limestone of the Central Mountains". Journal of Paleontology Memoir 69 (6): 1–28. 
  5. ^ Palmer, A.R.; Rowell, A.J. (1995). "Early Cambrian trilobites from the Shackleton Limestone of the Central Mountains". Journal of Paleontology Memoir 69 (6): 1–28. 
  6. ^ Paterson, R.J.; Jago, J.B. (2006). "New trilobites from the Lower Cambrian Emu Bay Shale Lagerstätte at Big Gully, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.". Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 32: 43–57. ISSN 0810-8889. 
  7. ^ "GSSP Table - Paleozoic Era". Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Yuan, J.L.; Zhu, X.J.; Lin, J.P.; Zhu, M.Y. (22 September 2011). "Tentative correlation of Cambrian Series 2 between South China and other continents". Bulletin of Geosciences: 397–404. doi:10.3140/bull.geosci.1274. Retrieved 23 November 2012.