Lemi

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For The Samoan rugby player, see David Lemi.
for the village in Burma see Lemi, Banmauk, Burma
Lemi
Municipality
Lemin kunta
Coat of arms of Lemi
Coat of arms
Location of Lemi in Finland
Location of Lemi in Finland
Coordinates: 61°03.7′N 027°48.3′E / 61.0617°N 27.8050°E / 61.0617; 27.8050Coordinates: 61°03.7′N 027°48.3′E / 61.0617°N 27.8050°E / 61.0617; 27.8050
Country Finland
Region South Karelia
Sub-region Lappeenranta sub-region
Charter 1688
Municipality 1867
Government
 • Municipal manager Simo Luukkanen
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 262.48 km2 (101.34 sq mi)
 • Land 217.77 km2 (84.08 sq mi)
 • Water 44.71 km2 (17.26 sq mi)
Area rank 284th largest in Finland
Population (2014-11-30)[2]
 • Total 3,128
 • Rank 246th largest in Finland
 • Density 14.36/km2 (37.2/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 97.9% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 2%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 18.1%
 • 15 to 64 62%
 • 65 or older 19.9%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.5%
Climate Dfc
Website www.lemi.fi

Lemi is a municipality of Finland.

It is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the South Karelia region. The municipality has a population of 3,128 (30 November 2014)[2] and covers an area of 262.48 square kilometres (101.34 sq mi) of which 44.71 km2 (17.26 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 14.36 inhabitants per square kilometre (37.2/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Geography[edit]

Bell tower in Lemi's center

The municipal center of Lemi is Juvola. The other villages are Ahtiala, Hakulila, Heikkilä, Huttula, Hyvärilä, Iitiä, Juuresaho (ent. Remunen), Juvola, Kaamanniemi, Kuukanniemi, Kapiala, Keskisenpää, Korpela, Kurkela, Kärmeniemi, Laakkola, Lavola, Merenlahti, Metsola, Mikkola, Mikonharju, Nisola, Nuppola, Olkkonen, Parkkola, Pöllölä, Ruohiala, Ruomi, Sairala, Sorvarila, Suomalainen, Suoniala, Suontakainen, Sutela, Taipale, Tevaniemi, Torvenniemi, Tuomelanpelto, kuuluu myös Iitiään, Uiminniemi, Urola, Vainikkala, Välikangas ja Värtölä.

The schools are in Juvola and Kuukanniemi. There are about 750 inhabitants in Kuukanniemi and the villages it affects.

Attractive natural and historical places[edit]

Lemi church
Name Place Description WGS 84
The evangelic-Lutheran church of Lemi
Juvolan mörssäripatteri – The mortar battery of Juvola Juvola The partly restored position of four positions of the 280 mm mortar of the year 1877. The four mortars are destroyed after the Continuation War.[6] The battery has been a part of the Salpa Line
Kärmeniemen patteri – The battery of Kärmeniemi Juvola The position of two Canet 152/45-C guns. The guns are displaced [7] The battery has been a part of the Salpa Line

History[edit]

Inpedendence[edit]

Lemi has been founded in 1688 as an independent Evangelic-Lutheran parish. Due to the secularisation of the local governments according to the decree of 1865, the secular local government was separated from the clerical in 1867 as the municipality of Lemi.

War time[edit]

A Canet 152/45-C naval gun in Kuivasaari

Some fighting took place in the cemetery of Lemi during the civil war in 1918. After the winter war as the military hardware had to be displaced from the territories to be given to the Soviet Union on the bases of the Moscow Armistice, naval artillery was brought to Lemi to create part of the Salpa Line. From the Käkisalmi region the Vahtiniemi battery was transferred to Kärmeniemi consisting two Canet 152/45-C naval guns. Later, on 11 July 1941, they were taken to Antamoinen to be tested on 22 July. Four days later they were transported by train from Lappeenranta again near Käkisalmi to Vahtiniemi to become operational 9 September 1941. After the Continuation War the 32nd heavy battery brought only one of the two Canet 152/45-C's it had as the other was to repaired. By the end of November, 1944 the 32nd heavy battery was dissolved and the guns were sent to Parola.[8]

After the war there has not been naval guns in Lemi, but the remaining positions can be seen both in Kärmeniemi ja Juvola.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.11.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.lemi.fi/kunta/polku/polku39.htm
  7. ^ http://www.lemi.fi/kunta/polku/polku27.htm
  8. ^ http://www.lemi.fi/kunta/polku/polku27.htm

External links[edit]

Media related to Lemi at Wikimedia Commons