Lemko Republic

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Lemko Rusyn Republic of Florynka
Ruska Narodna Respublika Lemkiv

1918–1920


Flag

The approximate extent of the Lemko Republic (yellow).
Capital Florynka
Languages Lemko dialect
Government Republic
President Jaroslav Kacmarcyk
Historical era World War I
 -  Established 5 December 1918
 -  Disestablished March 1920
Today part of  Poland

The Ruthenian National Republic of the Lemkos (Lemko: Ruska Narodna Respublika Lemkiv), often known as the Lemko Republic or the Lemko-Rusyn Republic, was founded on 5 December 1918 in the aftermath of World War I and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.[1] It was centered on Florynka, a village in the south-east of present-day Poland. Being Russophile, its intent was unification with a democratic Russia and was opposed to a union with the West Ukrainian People's Republic. A union with Russia proved impossible, so the Republic then attempted to join Carpathian Ruthenia as an autonomous province of Czechoslovakia. This, however, was opposed by the then governor of Carpathian Ruthenia, Gregory Zatkovich.

The Republic was headed by Jaroslav Kacmarcyk as President of the Central National Council. It was ended by the Polish government in March 1920 and its fate was sealed by the Treaty of Saint-Germain, which gave Galicia west of the San to Poland[2] and by the Peace of Riga in 1920.

This state should be not be confused with the Komancza Republic of eastern Lemkivshchyna, another short-lived republic. This was a smaller pro-Ukrainian state that existed between November 1918 and 23 January 1919.

Territory[edit]

Map comparing the approximate borders of the Lemko Republic with the Polish and Czechoslovak borders of the 1920s.

On 5 December 1918, the Republic's delegates issued the statement: “We, the Rusyn nation, living in a compact settlement in the southern parts of the Galician administrative units of Nowy Targ, Nowy Sącz, Grybów, Gorlice, Jasło, Krosno, and Sanok do not wish to be incorporated into the Polish state, and wish to share the fate of our Rusyn brothers [living] in Spiš, Šariš, and Zemplín counties as one indivisible geographic and ethnographic unit.”[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Magocsi, Paul Robert (Fall 1993). "The Ukrainian question between Poland and Czechoslovakia: The Lemko Rusyn republic (1918-1920) and political thought in western Rus'-Ukraine". Nationalities Papers 21 (2): 95–103. doi:10.1080/00905999308408278. 
  2. ^ Magocsi, Paul Robert (1993, 2002). "Central Europe 1918-1923". Historical Atlas of Central Europe. A History of East Central Europe 1 (revised and expanded ed.). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 127. ISBN 0-295-98146-6. OCLC 47097699. 
  3. ^ Horbal, Bogdan (1997). Działalność polityczna Łemków na Łemkowszczyźnie 1918-1921 [Political activity of the Lemkos in Lemkivshchyna 1918-1921] (in Polish). Wrocław: Wydawn Arboretum. p. 45. ISBN 978-83-86308-22-4. OCLC 37645527. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°34′00″N 20°59′00″E / 49.566667°N 20.983333°E / 49.566667; 20.983333