Lemon Grove, California

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Lemon Grove, California
City
City of Lemon Grove
Lemon Grove Monument
Lemon Grove Monument
Motto: Best Climate on Earth
Location within San Diego County
Location within San Diego County
Coordinates: 32°44′29″N 117°01′54″W / 32.74139°N 117.03167°W / 32.74139; -117.03167Coordinates: 32°44′29″N 117°01′54″W / 32.74139°N 117.03167°W / 32.74139; -117.03167
Country  United States
State  California
County San Diego
Incorporated July 1, 1977[1]
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Mary Sessom
 • City Manager Graham Mitchell
Area[2]
 • Total 3.880 sq mi (10.050 km2)
 • Land 3.880 sq mi (10.050 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 440 ft (136 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 25,320
 • Density 6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 91945
Area code(s) 619
FIPS code 06-41124
GNIS feature ID 1660902
Website http://www.ci.lemon-grove.ca.us/

Lemon Grove is a city in San Diego County, California. The population was 25,320 at the 2010 census, up from 24,918 as of the 2000 census. The large monument of a lemon pictured here has been its symbol since 1963.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The community was settled in 1869 by its first known permanent resident, sheep rancher Robert Allison. From the 1860s to 1900 the area was known for sheep and poultry ranching and vegetable crops. In the early 1900s, the community acquired its name when large citrus groves were planted, and lemon and orange growing and shipping became the area's major industry.

The Lemon Grove Incident in 1931 was a boycott of segregated schools by Mexican Americans, resulting in the first court-ordered school desegregation in the United States.

By World War II, most of the citrus groves had disappeared and suburbanization had begun. By 1960, most of the easily developable land was gone. Lemon Grove was incorporated as a general-law city in 1977;[3] however, it continues to receive law enforcement services, via contract, from the San Diego County sheriff's office.[4]

Lemon Grove mummies[edit]

In 1966, two male teenagers ventured into caves near Chihuahua, Mexico, in search of a mummy to keep for their own. After searching for a month exploring caves the teens finally found two mummies, a girl and an infant, which they packed up and smuggled across the border.

Having no idea what to do with their discoveries and not wanting their parents to know, they received permission from a friend to store a box in her garage in Lemon Grove, California. The mummies remained in the Lemon Grove garage for 14 years until the mother discovered the mummies while cleaning out garage. When the mummies were tracked back to the two males, they wanted to donate the mummies to a museum. San Diego Museum of Man officials contacted Mexican authorities and asked for permission to display the mummies as an addition to the permanent collection. Permission was granted, and the mummies were placed on exhibit.[5]

Geography[edit]

Lemon Grove is located at 32°44′0″N 117°2′1″W / 32.73333°N 117.03361°W / 32.73333; -117.03361 (32.733451, -117.033702).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Lemon Grove had a population of 25,320. The population density was 6,525.3 people per square mile (2,519.4/km²). The racial makeup of Lemon Grove was 13,072 (51.6%) White, 3,495 (13.8%) African American, 225 (0.9%) Native American, 1,624 (6.4%) Asian, 275 (1.1%) Pacific Islander, 4,828 (19.1%) from other races, and 1,801 (7.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10,435 persons (41.2%).

The Census reported that 24,974 people (98.6% of the population) lived in households, 200 (0.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 146 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,434 households, out of which 3,295 (39.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,863 (45.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,419 (16.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 601 (7.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 516 (6.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 94 (1.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,928 households (22.9%) were made up of individuals and 734 (8.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96. There were 5,883 families (69.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.51.

The population was spread out with 6,458 people (25.5%) under the age of 18, 2,583 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 6,900 people (27.3%) aged 25 to 44, 6,550 people (25.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,829 people (11.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

There were 8,868 housing units at an average density of 2,285.4 per square mile (882.4/km²), of which 4,609 (54.6%) were owner-occupied, and 3,825 (45.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.0%. 13,984 people (55.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 10,990 people (43.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 24,918 people, 8,488 households, and 5,958 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,557.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,531.8/km²). There were 8,722 housing units at an average density of 2,295.2 per square mile (886.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.63% White, 12.08% African American, 1.10% Native American, 5.75% Asian, 0.84% Pacific Islander, 13.50% from other races, and 7.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.52% of the population.

There were 8,488 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,823, and the median income for a family was $45,844. Males had a median income of $35,042 versus $28,509 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,002. About 9.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Current estimates[edit]

According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Lemon Grove in 2005 was $55,436 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $45,016.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Lemon Grove is located in the 39th Senate District, represented by Democrat Christine Kehoe, and in the 78th Assembly District, represented by Marty Block, a Democrat. Federally, Lemon Grove is located in California's 53rd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +12[9] and is represented by Democrat Susan Davis.

Notable residents[edit]

"The World's Biggest Lemon"[edit]

There is a ten-foot-wide statue of a lemon located at 3361 Main Street. It lies before a small lemon grove beside the Orange Line Trolley tracks near the local Trolley station and downtown bus stop. Written across the base of this monument are the words "Best Climate On Earth".

Education[edit]

Public primary education in the city is provided by the Lemon Grove School District. Grossmont Union High School District provides secondary and adult education.

High schools[edit]

Eligible students are sent outside the town for secondary education.

Middle schools[edit]

  • Lemon Grove Academy of Science and Humanities

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Golden Avenue Elementary School
  • Monterey Heights Elementary School
  • Mount Vernon Elementary School
  • San Altos Elementary School
  • San Miguel Elementary School

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ "General law" means under the provisions established by the legislature, as opposed to a charter city which would have more local-government options. UCB Institute for Governmental Studies
  4. ^ San Diego County Sheriff's Lemon Grove Station
  5. ^ The Loneliest Mummy>
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Lemon Grove city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved February 10, 2008. 
  10. ^ John Forester's website with Lemon Grove address
  11. ^ San Diego Reader, July 5, 2001
  12. ^ ABDUSSATTAR SHAIKH

External links[edit]