Lenin Prize

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The Lenin Prize (Russian: Ленинская премия) was one of the most prestigious awards of the Soviet Union, presented to individuals for accomplishments relating to science, literature, arts, architecture, and technology. It was created on June 23, 1925 and was awarded until 1934. During the period from 1935 to 1956, the Lenin Prize was not awarded, being replaced largely by the Stalin Prize. On August 15, 1956, it was reestablished, and continued to be awarded on every even-numbered year until 1990. The award ceremony was April 22, Lenin's birthday.

The Lenin Prize is different from the Lenin Peace Prize, which was awarded to foreign citizens rather than to citizens of the Soviet Union, for their contributions to the "peace cause." Also, the Lenin Prize should not be confused with the Stalin Prize or the later USSR State Prize. Some persons were awarded both the Lenin Prize and the USSR State Prize.

Awarded[edit]

Note: This list is incomplete, short, and differs in detail from the complete and much longer Russian list. (See Russian Wikipedia.)

Lenin Prize winners in Science[edit]

Nuclear Physics[edit]

1988 year

  • Rudolf M. Muradyan
For a series of innovative works “New quantum number – color and establishment of dynamical regularities in the quark structure of elementary particles and atomic nuclei” published during 1965 – 1977.

Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy[edit]

1958 year

  • Alexander M. Andrianov
  • Lev Andreevich Artsimovich (Лев Андреевич Арцимович)
  • Olga A. Bazilevskaya
  • Stanislav I. Braginskiy
  • Igor' N. Golovin
  • Mikhail A. Leontovich
  • Stepan Yu. Lukyanov
  • Samuil M. Osovets
  • Vasiliy I. Sinitsin
  • Nikolay V. Filippov
  • Natan A. Yavlinskiy
For research of powerful pulse discharges in gas for production of the high-temperature plasma, published in years.

1964 year

For a series of innovative automatic cannons.

1966 year

1972 year

For a series of work "Elementary processes and non-elastic scattering at nuclear collisions”.
  • Vadim I. Utkin

1982 year

  • Viktor V. Orlov
For the work on fast neutron reactors.

1984 year

  • Valentin F. Demichev
For production of special chemical compounds and development of conditions of their application.

1984 year

  • Boris B. Kadomtsev
  • Oleg P. Pogutse
  • Vitaliy D. Shafranov
For a series of work "The theory of thermonuclear toroidal plasma".

Mathematics[edit]

1976 year

Physiology[edit]

1965 year

Lenin Prize winners in Technology[edit]

Aircraft construction[edit]

For his work on Advanced Rocket and Aircraft propulsion systems, Sergei Tumansky was awarded the prize in 1957

For their work on the MiG 25 Heavy Interceptor:[1]

  • R A Belyakov, General designer
  • N Z Matyuk, chief project engineer
  • I S Silayev, Gorkii aircraft factory director (later Minister of Aircraft Industry)
  • F Shukhov, engine project chief
  • F Volkov, radar project chief
  • A V Minayev, Deputy Minister of Aircraft Industry who headed task force 'Det 63' that was sent to Egypt in 1971.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gordon, Yefim. Mikoyan MiG-25 Foxbat: Guardian of the Soviet Borders (Red Star Vol. 34). Hinckley, UK: Midland Publishing Ltd., 2008. ISBN 978-1-85780-259-7. Page 106