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The Lenin Prize (Russian: Ленинская премия) was one of the most prestigious awards of the USSR, presented to individuals for accomplishments relating to science, literature, arts, architecture, and technology. It was created on June 23, 1925 and was awarded until 1934. During the period from 1935 to 1956, the Lenin Prize was not awarded, being replaced largely by the Stalin Prize. On August 15, 1956, it was reestablished, and continued to be awarded on every even-numbered year until 1990. The award ceremony was April 22, (Lenin's birthday).
The Lenin Prize is different from the Lenin Peace Prize, which was awarded to foreign citizens rather than to citizens of the Soviet Union, for their contributions to the "peace cause." Also, the Lenin Prize should not be confused with the Stalin Prize or the later USSR State Prize. Some persons were awarded both the Lenin Prize and the USSR State Prize.
Note: This list is incomplete, short, and differs in detail from the complete and much longer Russian list. (See Russian Wikipedia.)
- Nikolai Demyanov (1930, chemistry)
- Alexander Chernyshov (1930, radio engineering)
- Sergei Sergeyev-Tsensky (1955, writer)
- Dimitri Nalivkin (1957, geology)
- Sergei Prokofiev (1957, music, posthumously, for his Symphony No. 7)
- Pyotr Novikov (1957, mathematics, for proving the undecidability of the word problem for groups)
- Giorgi Melikishvili (1957, Historian)
- Nikolay Bogolyubov (Николай Николаевич Боголюбов, 1958, physics)
- Dmitri Shostakovich (1958, music composition)
- Grigori Chukhrai (1959, contribution to the arts- Ballad of a Soldier)
- Vladimir Veksler (1959, physics)
- Mikhail Sholokhov (1960, literature, for And Quiet Flows the Don)
- Sviatoslav Richter (1961, pianist)
- Alexander Bereznyak (Александр Яковлевич Березняк, 1961 for P-15 missile)
- Juhan Smuul (1961, literature)
- Korney Chukovsky (Корней Чуковский, 1962, for his book, Mastery of Nekrasov)
- Aleksei Pogorelov (Алексей Васильевич Погорелов, 1962, mathematics)
- Chinghiz Aitmatov (Чингиз Айтматов, 1963, literature)
- Irena Sedlecka (Sculpture)
- Hanon Izakson (Ханон Ильич Изаксон, 1964, farm machinery)
- Mikhail Kalashnikov (Михаи́л Тимофе́евич Кала́шников, 1964, AK-47 assault rifle)
- Innokenty Smoktunovsky (Иннокентий Смоктуновский, 1965, acting)
- Vladimir Igorevich Arnol'd, Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (Влади́мир И́горевич Арно́льд, Ленинская премия, 1965, mathematics)
- Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (Алексей Алексеевич Абрикосов, 1966, physics)
- Emmanuel Rashba (Эммануил Иосифович Рашба, 1966, physics)
- Victor Dmitrievich Verbitskiy (Виктор Дмитриевич Вербицкий, 1966, inventor)
- Igor Moiseyev (Игорь Моисеев, 1967, dance)
- Mikhail Svetlov (Михаил Светлов, 1967, poetry, posthumously, for the book Verses of the Last Years)
- Alykul Osmonov (Алыкул Осмонов, Kyrgyz poet and literary modernizer)
- Valery Panov (1969, dance)
- Yevgeny Vuchetich (Евгений (Eugene) Вучетич, 1970, sculpture)
- Agniya Barto (Агния Львовна Барто, 1972, poetry?)
- Konstantin Simonov (Константин Симонов, 1974, poetry)
- Okhotsimsky Dmitrii Evgenievich (1957, space science)
- Otar Taktakishvili (1982, music composition)
- Boris Babaian (Борис Арташеcович Бабаян, 1987 for Elbrus-2 supercomputer)
- Kaisyn Kuliev ( Кулиев Кайсын Шуваевич, 1990, Man.Bird.Tree. Poetry. Post-mortem)
- Vladimir Teplyakov(1988, for the development of the RFQ)
Lenin Prize winners in Science
- Rudolf M. Muradyan
- For a series of innovative works “New quantum number – color and establishment of dynamical regularities in the quark structure of elementary particles and atomic nuclei” published during 1965 – 1977.
Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy
- Alexander M. Andrianov
- Lev Andreevich Artsimovich (Лев Андреевич Арцимович)
- Olga A. Bazilevskaya
- Stanislav I. Braginskiy
- Igor' N. Golovin
- Mikhail A. Leontovich
- Stepan Yu. Lukyanov
- Samuil M. Osovets
- Vasiliy I. Sinitsin
- Nikolay V. Filippov
- Natan A. Yavlinskiy
- For research of powerful pulse discharges in gas for production of the high-temperature plasma, published in years.
- Aleksandr Emmanuilovich Nudel'man (Александр Эммануилович Нудельман)
- For a series of innovative automatic cannons.
- Vsevolod A. Belyaev
- Oleg Borisovich Firsov (Олег Борисович Фирсов)
- For a series of work "Elementary processes and non-elastic scattering at nuclear collisions”.
- Vadim I. Utkin
- Viktor V. Orlov
- For the work on fast neutron reactors.
- Valentin F. Demichev
- For production of special chemical compounds and development of conditions of their application.
- Boris B. Kadomtsev
- Oleg P. Pogutse
- Vitaliy D. Shafranov
- For a series of work "The theory of thermonuclear toroidal plasma".
- Sergei S. Bryukhonenko (posthumously)
Lenin Prize winners in Technology
For his work on Advanced Rocket and Aircraft propulsion systems, Sergei Tumansky was awarded the prize in 1957
For their work on the MiG 25 Heavy Interceptor:
- R A Belyakov, General designer
- N Z Matyuk, chief project engineer
- I S Silayev, Gorkii aircraft factory director (later Minister of Aircraft Industry)
- F Shukhov, engine project chief
- F Volkov, radar project chief
- A V Minayev, Deputy Minister of Aircraft Industry who headed task force 'Det 63' that was sent to Egypt in 1971.
- Gordon, Yefim. Mikoyan MiG-25 Foxbat: Guardian of the Soviet Borders (Red Star Vol. 34). Hinckley, UK: Midland Publishing Ltd., 2008. ISBN 978-1-85780-259-7. Page 106