St Petersburg Psychiatric Hospital of Specialized Type with Intense Observation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St. Petersburg Psychiatric Hospital of Specialized Type with Intense Observation
St Petersburg Psychiatric Hospital of Specialized Type with Intense Observation.JPG
Geography
Location 9 Arsenalnaya street, St. Petersburg, 195009, the Russian Federation
Organisation
Hospital type Federal
Services
Beds 680
History
Founded 1951

St. Petersburg Psychiatric Hospital of Specialized Type with Intense Observation (SPbPBSTIN) (Russian: Санкт-Петербургская психиатрическая больница специализированного типа с интенсивным наблюдением, СПбПБСТИН) is one of eight Russian psychiatric hospitals under federal control for the treatment and rehabilitation of mentally ill persons who committed socially dangerous acts in a state of insanity and were released from criminal responsibility under court decision. In the Soviet time, the hospital was called the Leningrad Special Psychiatric Hospital of Prison Type of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs.

History[edit]

The year of the foundation of SPbPBSTIN is 1951 when the Leningrad Special Psychiatric Hospital Prison Type of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs was organized by order of the interior minister S. N. Kruglov.

Pre-revolutionary period[edit]

The psychiatric hospital was established in the building of a former female prison built in St. Petersburg between 1909 and 1913 on the Vyborg Side, in an area that was given the name Kulikovo Field.

As early as the 1870s, on the proposal of the Commission for Arranging Prison Sector, the Saint Petersburg City Duma allocated a public land plot of 4,800 square sazhens to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In 1882, the Main Prison Department acquired 6,000 square sazhens of land more to construct residential buildings for the prison staff.

The constructed female prison had 816 mass cells, 123 solitary cells, 79 medical cells, and workshops with a total area of 426.49 square sazhens. There was also an income-producing laundry affiliated with the prison.

Soviet time[edit]

On 6 January 1918, all institutions, which were subordinate to the General Administration of Places of Confinement, and their buildings including the Petrograd Female Prison were transferred to the charge of the Prison Board in the RSFSR People's Commissariat for Justice. At the same time, a somatic hospital, which then was multifield and was situated on the territory of the prison, was transferred to the disposal of the People's Health-Care Commissariat. This situation has continued till 1932 when the hospital was also transferred to the Prison Department.

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Стяжкин В. Д. Историческая справка. Актуальные вопросы клинической, социальной и судебной психиатрии. (Мат. научно-практической конференции с международным участием «Лечебно-реабилитационная и профилактическая деятельность психиатрических учреждений, осуществляющих принудительное лечение»). СПб, 2001. С. 5—9. (Russian)