|Borough of Sherbrooke|
Corner of Queen and College streets in downtown Lennoxville
|Merged||January 1, 2002|
|• City councillor||David Price|
|• Borough councillors||Linda Boulanger|
|• Total||27.81 km2 (10.74 sq mi)|
|• Density||208.27/km2 (539.4/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|Website||Borough of Lennoxville|
Lennoxville is an arrondissement, or borough, of the city of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada. Lennoxville is located at the confluence of the St. Francis and Massawippi Rivers approximately five kilometres south of downtown Sherbrooke.
Prior to January 1, 2002 Lennoxville existed as an independent town. On January 1, 2002 the Town of Lennoxville along with several other formerly independent towns and cities in the region were merged with the City of Sherbrooke. A demerger referendum held on June 20, 2004 failed to attract the required majority of votes to reestablish Lennoxville as an independent town.
Lennoxville was first settled in 1819, although the Mallory family began farming at the edge of the eventual town limits in 1804. Its name was taken from Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, who was then Governor General of Canada. Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, lived in Lennoxville after being imprisoned for treason following the war.
The town's war memorial is located at 150 Queen Street. Of note is a brass plaque naming Daniel Bolduc a Canadian citizen who was killed in Vietnam while serving in the US Army in 1969. By common custom, few Canadian war memorials exist for Vietnam War dead.
The borough is represented by one councillor on Sherbrooke City Council, and two councillors who serve on the local borough council but not on the full city council.
Historically, as with most of the Eastern Townships, Lennoxville originated as a predominantly anglophone community with initially small, but gradually increasing francophone minority. Today the population is almost evenly split between anglophones and francophones with francophones making up a plurality among native speakers (45.3%) whereas English is the language most spoken at home by 49.9%. Of the various districts in Sherbrooke (which itself began as an anglophone community but has since transformed into a city where French is the dominant language), Lennoxville has the largest proportion of English speakers remaining. Lennoxville is designated as a bilingual borough and municipal services are provided in both English and French.
Numerous educational institutions are located in Lennoxville, including Bishop's University, Champlain Regional College, Bishop's College School and Alexander Galt Regional High School. During the school year, the population of Lennoxville increases significantly as students from elsewhere in Canada and around the world move to Lennoxville to attend school. Bishop's College School is home to Canada's oldest indoor ice hockey rink.
At Bishop's University, frosh week (orientation week) is held on the first week of the fall semester, which generally falls around the first week of September. In 2005 Bishop's University received an award for running one of the most successful orientation weeks in the country.
Students often play a role in the community, volunteering as Big Brothers and Big Sisters to area youth, Habitat for Humanity, Best Buddies, working on community events and taking part-time jobs at local businesses.
Quebec Routes 143 and 108 provide access to Lennoxville from surrounding communities and nearby Autoroute 10 and Autoroute 55 provide easy access to Montreal, Quebec City, and the United States. Autoroute 410 is currently being extended from its current terminus near the Université de Sherbrooke to Route 108 just east of Bishop's University. The extension of Autoroute 410 will redirect heavy truck traffic from downtown Lennoxville's often congested single intersection.