Lenoir, North Carolina
|Lenoir, North Carolina|
Main Street in downtown Lenoir
|Motto: "Where the High Country Begins"|
Location of Lenoir, North Carolina
|• Type||Mayor–council government|
|• Mayor||Joseph L. Gibbons (Democratic)|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||T. J. Rohr (Libertarian)|
|• Governing body||Lenoir City Council|
|• Total||19.7 sq mi (50.9 km2)|
|• Land||19.7 sq mi (50.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,168 ft (356 m)|
|• Density||928/sq mi (358.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||28633, 28645|
|Area code(s)||828 Exchanges: 757,758,759|
|GNIS feature ID||1021132|
Lenoir (pronounced la-NORE) is a city in Caldwell County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 18,228 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Caldwell County. Lenoir is located in the Blue Ridge foothills. To the northeast are the Brushy Mountains, a spur of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Hibriten Mountain, located just east of the city limits, marks the western end of the Brushy Mountains range.
Lenoir is one of the principal cities in the Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The city was named for Revolutionary War general and early North Carolina statesman William Lenoir, who settled north of present-day Lenoir. His restored home, Fort Defiance, is a tourist attraction.
In addition to Fort Defiance, the Caldwell County Courthouse, Lenoir Downtown Historic District, Lenoir Grammar School, Lenoir High School, Mary's Grove, and Edgar Allan Poe House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Broyhill Furniture company, one of the largest furniture companies in the United States and part of Heritage Home Group (KPS Capital Partners), recently closed its headquarters in Lenoir. Furniture in general has historically been one of the city's largest employers. The Bernhardt, Kincaid, and Fairfield furniture companies are also located in or around Lenoir. However, in the 1990s, these companies began changing their business models to reflect consumer trends, and they have closed several of Lenoir's furniture factories. Recent consolidations of area furniture facilities (Thomasville, Taylorsville, North Wilkesboro, etc.) have netted modest gains in positions in the industry around Lenoir. Now the medical and education sectors are the largest employers in the area.
Google, Inc. has a server farm, or "data center", located in Lenoir. There was controversy over the nature, amount, and potential benefits of economic development incentives that the City of Lenoir, Caldwell County, and the State of North Carolina gave Google in 2007 to induce the company to build the server farm. The less celebrated benefits of the investment have been construction employment and spending, a small-time server farm investment just outside downtown, Dacentec, as well as local charitable and educational endeavors by Google.
Wholesale nurseries shipping large balled and burlap plants to landscapers in larger metropolitan areas have been a strong source of employment over the last 75 years. Companies such as Roger Coffey and Sons Nursery have seen an increase in sales over the last three years. Valley View Nursery is a third generation nursery that is carrying on the tradition of high quality trees and shrubs that are shipped directly to high end residential homes across the East Coast and upper Midwest. Local nurseries employ around two percent of the local population.
The city is at the intersection of U.S. Highways 64 and 321. US 64 leads east 42 miles (68 km) to Statesville and southwest 15 miles (24 km) to Morganton, while US 321 leads north 27 miles (43 km) to Boone and southeast 17 miles (27 km) to Hickory.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 square miles (50.9 km2), all land. The city is in the valley of Lower Creek, between the Brushy Mountains to the east and the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. Lower Creek flows southwest to the Catawba River valley.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,793 people, 6,913 households, and 4,569 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,013.7 people per square mile (391.3/km²). There were 7,461 housing units at an average density of 450.4 per square mile (173.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.88% White, 14.71% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.25% of the population.
There were 6,913 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,369, and the median income for a family was $37,280. Males had a median income of $26,122 versus $21,895 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,697. About 10.4% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Kicks 103.3, local radio station
- WJRI, News Talk 1340, local radio station
- WKGX, AM 1080, local radio station
- WETS, FM 91.5, translator, East Tennessee State University radio station
- News-Topic, local newspaper in Lenoir/Caldwell County
- Leonard Bolick, bishop of the ELCA North Carolina Synod (born in Lenoir)
- James T. Broyhill, heir to the Broyhill family fortune; United States congressman from North Carolina from 1962 to 1986 and a United States senator from July 1986 to November 1986
- Ervin M. Bruner, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Jan Karon, New York Times-bestselling author of the Mitford Series and the Father Tim novels (born in Lenoir)
- Kary Banks Mullis, Ph.D., biochemist and Nobel laureate
- William C. Newland, Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina (1909-13)
- James Pritchett, actor who played the central character of Dr. Matt Powers on The Doctors soap opera for its entire 1963 to 1982 run
- Mark Schwartz, former professional soccer player, college coach
- Larry Smith, NASCAR driver
- Parker T. Williamson, minister and author
- George Younce, southern gospel musician, notably sang bass with The Cathedrals
- Five Major League Baseball players were born or have been residents in Lenoir: Johnny Allen (born 1904), Lindsay Deal (born 1911), Charlie Cozart (born 1919), Rube Walker (born 1926), and Madison Bumgarner (born 1989).
- Lenoir Youth Soccer Association /Lenoir Force (LYSA Force), a travel soccer team in Lenoir
- Caldwell County Youth Football League
- Post 29 Youth Baseball
- Carolina Express Basketball
Education and High Schools
- Hibriten High School: a 3-A school located in Lenoir
- West Caldwell High School: a 2-A school located on the border of Lenoir in Gamewell
- South Caldwell High School
- Caldwell Early College High School: a 2014 National Blue Ribbon school created in partnership with North Carolina New Schools
- Caldwell Career Center Middle College
Lenoir received the national All American City award in 2008.
- "T.J. Rohr". Libertarian Party. Retrieved 2014-09-09.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lenoir city, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Fort Defiance
- All-America City award winners announced
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Featured Property: Lenoir Downtown Historic District. National Park Service.
- Hickory Daily Record, April 15, 2007, reprinted on NC Department of Commerce site
- Data Center Knowledge: The Economic Impact of A Data Center
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- City of Lenoir official website
- Caldwell County Public Library
- NC Spin: Lenoir, Carolina Community
- Our State magazine-Tarheel Town: Lenoir
- Caldwell Heritage Museum