Leo Burnett

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For the company, see Leo Burnett Worldwide.
Leo Burnett
Leo Burnett.jpg
Born (1891-10-21)October 21, 1891
St. Johns, Michigan U.S.
Died June 7, 1971(1971-06-07) (aged 79)
Lake Zurich, Illinois U.S.
Nationality American
Alma mater University of Michigan (B.S., 1914)
Occupation Advertising Executive
Known for Founder of Leo Burnett Worldwide
Spouse(s) Naomi Geddles 1918–71 (his death)
Children Peter Burnett
Joseph Burnett
Phoebe Snetsinger

Leo Burnett (October 21, 1891 - June 7, 1971) was an advertising executive and the founder of the Leo Burnett Company, Inc., also known as Leo Burnett Worldwide. He was responsible for creating some of advertising's most well-known characters and campaigns of the 20th century including Tony the Tiger, Charlie the Tuna, the Marlboro Man, the Maytag Repairman, United's "Fly the Friendly Skies," Allstate's "Good Hands," and for garnering relationships with multinational clients such as McDonald's, Hallmark and Coca-Cola.[1] In 1999, Burnett was named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.[2]

Biography[edit]

Leo Burnett was born in St. Johns, Michigan, on October 21, 1891 to Noble and Rose Clark Burnett. Noble ran a dry goods store and as a young man, Burnett worked with his father, watching Noble as he designed ads for the business.[3][4] After high school, Leo went on to study journalism at the University of Michigan and received his Bachelor's degree in 1914.

His first job was as a reporter for the Journal Star Peoria in Peoria, Illinois.[5] In 1917, Leo moved to Detroit and was hired to edit an in-house publication for Cadillac Clearing House, later becoming an advertising director for the same institution.[6] At Cadillac, Leo met his advertising mentor, Theodore F. MacManus, whom Leo called "one of the great advertising men of all time." MacManus ran the agency that handled Cadillac's advertising.[7]

In 1918, Leo married Naomi Geddes. The couple met at a small restaurant near the Cadillac offices, where Naomi worked as a cashier.[8] They went on to have three children: Peter, Joseph and Phoebe.

During World War I, Leo joined the Navy for six months. However, his service was mostly spent Great Lakes building a breakwater.[9] After his time in the military, Leo returned to Cadillac for a short while. It was then when a few employees at Cadillac formed the LaFayette Motors Company - triggering Leo to move to Indianapolis to work for the new establishment.[10] Soon after, Leo was offered a position at Homer McKee. He then left LaFayette and joined McKee, where Leo Burnett said of the founder, "(He) gave me my first feel of what I have come to regard as the "warm sell" as contrasted to the "hard sell" and "soft sell."[11] This was his first agency job.[12]

After spending a decade at McKee's, and working through the stock market crash of 1929, Leo left the company. In 1930, he moved to Chicago and was hired by Erwin, Wasey & Company, where he was employed for five years.[13]

In 1935, Leo founded the Leo Burnett Company, Inc. in a suite at the Palmer House in downtown Chicago.[14] Soon after, the operation moved to the 18th floor of the London Guarantee Building.[15] Today, the agency has 9,000+ employees in over 85 offices globally.

In December 1967, nearing the end of his career, Leo Burnett delivered his famous "When To Take My Name Off The Door" speech at the agency's annual holiday gathering.[14][16]

On June 7, 1971, Leo Burnett went to his agency, pledging to his colleagues to cut back to working only three days per week after some recent health problems had occurred. That evening, at the age of 79, he died of a heart attack at his family farm in Lake Zurich, Illinois.[17][18]

Leo Burnett Company[edit]

A private company formed in 1935 and officially running under the name of 'Leo Burnett Company, Inc.', the agency started with working capital of $50,000, eight employees and three clients. Part of Publicis Groupe, Leo Burnett is now one of the largest agency networks with 85 offices in 69 countries and 9,000+ employees. [19] [20] [21] [22] [23]

For the first decade of Burnett opening his company he only billed about 1 million dollars in the first few years of the business running and then eventually moving up to 10 million dollars annually, however, in 1950, his billings more than doubled to 22 million dollars and by 1954 the company was at 55 million dollars annually. By the end of the 1950s, the Leo Burnett Company was billing 100 million dollars annually.[24]

Company symbols[edit]

Big black pencils[edit]

Leo Burnett Company claims to be famous for using big black pencils, with the idea that “big ideas come from big pencils”.[25]

Apples[edit]

Apples have allegedly become a symbol for the Leo Burnett Company ever since Leo Burnett put out a bowl of apples at reception when he opened his doors in the middle of the Great Depression. Opening in the middle of the great depression caused a lot of talk, and people said it would not be long before Leo Burnett would be selling apples on the street. Apples continue to be a symbol of Leo Burnett’s hospitality and success throughout the years.[25]

Stars[edit]

Stars have become another symbol of Leo Burnett through Leo Burnett’s purported philosophy, “when you reach for the stars you may not quite get one, but you won't come up with a handful of mud either.” They supposedly continue to represent this strive for greatness in all of their work.[25]

Companies Burnett worked with[edit]

[26]

Notable Creations[edit]

Jolly Green Giant – One of Burnett's creations.
  • Jolly Green Giant [Green Giant]
  • Tony The Tiger [Kellogg's Frosted Flakes]
  • Hubert The Lion [Harris Bank]
  • Charlie The Tuna [Star-Kist]
  • Pillsbury Doughboy [Pillsbury]
  • Keebler Elves [Keebler]
  • Morris The Cat [9 Lives]
  • Toucan Sam [Kellogg's Fruit Loops]
  • Maytag Repairman [Maytag]

[27] [28] [29] [30]

Advertising techniques[edit]

Leo Burnett used dramatic realism in his advertising, the Soft sell approach to build brand equity.[31] Burnett believed in finding the inherent drama of products and presenting it in advertising through warmth, shared emotions and experiences.[32] His advertising drew from heartland-rooted values using simple, strong and instinctive imagery that talked to people.[33] He was also known for using cultural archetypes in his copy, by creating mythical creatures that represented American values. This is evident on such campaigns as Jolly Green Giant, Tony the Tiger, Pillsbury Doughboy and more famously the Marlboro Man.[34]

Corny language[edit]

Leo Burnett was known for keeping a folder in the lower left-hand corner of his desk called "Corny Language".[35] He collected words, phrases, and analogies that struck him as being particularly apt in expressing an idea. This was not meant by maxims, gags, or slang, but words, phrases and analogies which convey a feeling of honesty and that drive home a clear point.[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CNBC Titans: Leo Burnett". Hulu. CNBC. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Time Magazine". Times 100 Persons of the Century. June 14, 1999. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ Star Reacher (1 ed.). Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. 1995. p. 7. 
  4. ^ "CNBC Titans: Leo Burnett". Hulu. CNBC. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ Leo Burnett: Advertising. Art Director's Club. 1993. 
  6. ^ "Leo Burnett". Top Biography. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  7. ^ Joan Kufrin (1995). Star Reacher. Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. p. 15. 
  8. ^ Joan Kufrin (1995). Star Reacher. Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. p. 16. 
  9. ^ Joan Kufrin. Star Reacher. Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. p. 17. 
  10. ^ "Leo Burnett". Top Biography. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ Joan Kufrin (1995). Star Reacher. Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. p. 24. 
  12. ^ Denis Higgins (1987). The Art of Writing Advertising: Conversations with Masters of the Craft. Illinois. 
  13. ^ Joan Kufrin (1995). Star Reacher. Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. p. 26. 
  14. ^ a b "CNBC Titans: Leo Burnett". Hulu. CNBC. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  15. ^ Joan Kufrin (1995). Star Reacher. Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. p. 47. 
  16. ^ "When To Take My Name Off The Door". YouTube. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  17. ^ Joan Kufrin (1995). Star Reacher. Chicago, IL: Leo Burnett Company, Inc. p. 243. 
  18. ^ "CNBC Titans". Hulu. CNBC. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  19. ^ Publicis Groupe http://www.publicisgroupe.com/#/en/videos/brand-videos/brand/Bartle+Bogle+Hegarty+%28BBH%29 |url= missing title (help). Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Leo Burnett". Glassdoor. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Leo Burnett Company, Inc.". Vault. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Company Overview of Leo Burnett Company, Inc.". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  23. ^ Kufrin, Joan. Leo Burnett: Star Reacher. Leo Burnett Company, Inc. 
  24. ^ "Leo Burnett". Top Biography. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c http://www.leoburnett.lk/philosophy.cfm
  26. ^ "Leo Burnett: Advertising". Art Directors Club. 1993. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  27. ^ "CNBC Titans: Leo Burnett". CNBC. CNBC. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Leo Burnett". The Famous People. The Famous People. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Leo Burnett Facts". Encylopedia. Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  30. ^ Kufrin, Joan (1995). Leo Burnett: Star Reacher. Leo Burnett Company, Inc. 
  31. ^ Hackley, Chris (2010). Advertising & Promotion An Integrated Market Communications Approach (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications Ltd. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-84920-145-2. 
  32. ^ "Ad Age Advertising Century: People: Leo Burnett". Advertising Age. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  33. ^ ciaadvertising.org (January 16, 2006). "1.2: A Brief History of Advertising". In Tellis, Gerrard; Ambler, Tim. The SAGE Handbook of Advertising. SAGE Publications. pp. 17–35. ISBN 978-1-4129-1886-2. 
  34. ^ Sandra, Moriarty; Mitchell, Nancy; Wells, William (2012). Advertising & IMC Principles and Practice (9th ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-27-37-5292-9. 
  35. ^ "Long Lost Marketing Secrets – Leo Burnett". Peter Woodhead. Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  36. ^ Ogilvy, David (1983). Ogilvy on Advertising. London: Carlton Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-85375-615-3. 

Further reading[edit]

  • S. Broadbent, Leo Burnett Book of Advertising, Business Books: Indiana University, 1984.
  • L. Burnett, "A Collection of Short Stories by Leo Burnett," Blurb.com, 2012.
  • J. Kufrin, "Leo Burnett: Star Reacher," Leo Burnett Company, Inc., 1995.

External links[edit]