Leo Kuper (1908–1994) was a South African writer and philosopher. He was born to a Lithuanian Jewish family. He trained as a lawyer before becoming a sociologist specialising in the study of genocide.
He married the anthropologist Hilda Beemer Kuper, with whom he had two daughters: the international human rights lawyer Dr Jenny Kuper and the painter and sculptor Mary Kuper.
During the 1960s, Kuper moved to Los Angeles, California, United States, where he took up teaching and researching at UCLA. His publications include The Pity of it All, Passive Resistance in South Africa, and The Prevention of Genocide.
Kuper was a founding member of the International Council of the Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide in Jerusalem and the Liberal Party of Natal.
- Living in Towns: Selected Research Papers in Urban Sociology of the Faculty of Commerce and Social Science, University of Birmingham by Leo Kuper and Others; Foreword by P. Sargant Florence and C. Madge (London: The Cresset Press, 1953, 370 pages).
- Passive Resistance in South Africa by Leo Kuper (New Haven, Yale University Press, 1957, 256 p., 4 p. of plates : ill. ; 21 cm).
- Durban: a study in racial ecology (London, J. Cape; New York, Columbia University Press, 1958 – 254 pages, maps (1 fold.) diagrs., tables. 21 cm.) by Leo Kuper, Hilstan Lett Watts, Ronald Davies. With an introd. by Alan Paton.
- The College Brew: A Satire (Durban: Universal Printing Works, 1960, 150 pages) by Leo Kuper.
- An African Bourgeoisie: Race, Class, and Politics in South Africa by Leo Kuper (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1965, Pp. xviii+ 452. 21s. paperback).
- African Law: Adaptation and Development edited by Hilda Kuper and Leo Kuper. University of California Press, 1966. Pp. 240.
- Pluralism in Africa (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969 – Pp. x+546) by Leo Kuper and Michael Garfield Smith.
- Race, Class and Power. Ideology and Revolutionary Change in Plural Societies by Leo Kuper, (Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1975, Duckworth, 1974) – 345 pages.
- Race, Science and Society by Leo Kuper (London: Allen and Unwin; Paris: The Unesco Press, 1975, 370 pages.)
- The Pity of it all: Polarisation of Racial and Ethnic Relations by Leo Kuper (London: Duckworth, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977 – 302 pages).
- South Africa : human rights and genocide by Leo Kuper. Biography as interpretation by Hilda Kuper (Bloomington, Indiana: African Studies Program, Indiana University, 63 p. ; 23 cm, 1981.)
- Genocide: Its Political Use in the Twentieth Century by Leo Kuper (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1981; New Haven, CT: Yale University, 1982).
- International action against genocide by Leo Kuper, Publisher: Minority Rights Group, report n°53, 1982, 17 pages.
- The Prevention of Genocide by Leo Kuper (1985).
- Cases and Materials on Genocide by Leo Kuper Foundation Staff, Publisher: Routledge (ISBN 9781859419298/1859419291).
- Genocide Reader (Criminology) by Leo Kuper Foundation, Routledge Cavendish, 1 January 2007, 600 pages.
- "Blueprint for Living Together" in Leo Kuper, ed., Living in Towns, London, 1953.
- Southern Africa and the United States edited by William A. Hance, with Leo Kuper, Vernon McKay, and Edwin S. Munger New York and London, Columbia University Press, 1968. pp. 171.
- "The South African Native: Caste, Proletariat or Race?" by Leo Kuper, In Social Forces (Cornell University Press), 1949, pp. 146–153.
- "Review of White Settlers and Native Peoples" by Leo Kuper and A. Grenfell Price, In British Journal of Sociology (Cornell University Press), 1950, pp. 363–364.
- "Social Science Research and the Planning of Urban Neighbourhoods" by Leo Kuper, In Social Science Research and the Planning of Urban Neighbourhoods, Vol.29, 1951, pp. 237–243.
- "The Background to Passive Resistance (South Africa, 1952)" by Leo Kuper, in British Journal of Sociology (Cornell University Press), 1953, pp. 243–256.
- "The Control of Social Change: A South African Experiment" by Leo Kuper – Social Forces (Oxford University Press), Vol. 33, No. 1, Oct. 1954, pp. 19–9.
- "Techniques. of Social Control in South Africa" by Leo Kuper, Listener 55, 31 May 1956, pp. 708.
- "Rights and riots in Natal" by Leo Kuper In Africa South, Vol.4, No.2, Jan–Mar 1960, pp. 20–26.
- "The Heightening of Racial Tension" by Leo Kuper, In The Heightening of Racial Tension, Vol.2, 1960, pp. 24–32.
- "Ethnic and Racial Pluralism: Some Aspects of Polarization and Depluralization." In Leo Kuper and MG. Smith, M.G. (Eds) Pluralism in Africa. Berkeley and Los
- "Racialism and Integration in South African Society" by Leo Kuper, In Racialism and Integration in South African Society, Vol.4, 1963, pp. 26–31.
- "The problem of violence in South Africa" by Leo Kuper, in Inquiry (Taylor & Francis), Vol.7 (1–4), 1964, pages 295–303.
- "Book Review: Caneville: The Social Structure of a South African Town. Pierre L. Van Den Berghe, Edna Miller" by Leo Kuper, In American Journal of Sociology, Vol.71 (1), 1965, pp. 115.
- "Neighbour on the Hearth." by Leo Kuper – Environmental Psychology: Man and His Physical Setting, edited by H. M. Proshansky, W. H. Ittelson and L. G. Rivlin, (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1970).
- "Continuities and Discontinuities in Race Relations: Evolutionary or Revolutionary Change" by Leo Kuper in Cahiers d'études africaines ( published by EHESS ), Vol. 10, Cahier 39, 1970, pp. 361–383.
- "Theories of Revolution and Race Relations" by Leo Kuper in Comparative Studies in Society and History, Volume 13, Issue 01, janvier 1971, pp. 87–107.
- "African Nationalism in South Africa, 1910–1964" by Leo Kuper in The Oxford History of South Africa, Vol. II, M. Wilson and L. Thompson (eds.), Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971, pp. 424–476.
- "Race, Class and Power: Some Comments on Revolutionary Change" by Leo Kuper, In Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol.14 (04), 1972, pp. 400.
- "Censorship by proxy" by Leo Kuper, In Index on Censorship (Taylor & Francis), Vol.4 (3), 1975, pages 48–50.
- "Book Review: Ethnicity and Resource Competition in Plural Societies. Leo A. Despres" by Leo Kuper, In American Journal of Sociology, Vol.82 (5), 1977, pp. 1146.
- "Types of Genocide and Mass Murder" by Leo Kuper, In Israel W. Charny (ed.) Toward the understanding and prevention of genocide: Proceedings of the International Conference on the Holocaust and Genocide. Boulder and London: Westview Press, 1984, pages 32–47.
- "The Turkish genocide of Armenians, 1915–1917" by Leo Kuper in Richard G. Hovannisian (Ed.) The Armenian genocide in perspective, 1986, pp. 43–59.
- "The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide.", by Robert Jay Lifton and by Leo Kuper, Political Science Quarterly, Vol.102 (1), March 1987, pp. 175.
- "In the Belly of the Beast: The Modern State as Mass Murderer" by Robin M. Williams, Leo Kuper, in Contemporary Sociology, Vol.16 (4), 1987, pp. 502.
- "Genocide and the Modern Age: Etiology and Case Studies of Mass Death" by Leo Kuper, Isidor Walliman, Michael N. Dobkowski, In Contemporary Sociology, Vol.17 (1), 1988, pp. 24.
- "Biology as Destiny: The Scientific Mystifications of Medical Mass Murder" by Leo Kuper, Robert N. Proctor, In Contemporary Sociology, Vol.18 (5), 1989, pp. 753.
- "Theological warrants for genocide: Judaism, Islam and Christianity" by Leo Kuper – Terrorism and Political Violence, Volume 2, Issue 3, 1990, pages 351–379.
- "On Jewish Disconnection from Other Genocides." by Leo Kuper – Internet on the Holocaust and Genocide, Issues 49–50, Special Section, 1990, p. 7.
- Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust, 2nd edition by Robert Melson, Leo Kuper (Introduction), Leo Kuper (Foreword by)
- "On the Genocidal Theocratic State" by Leo Kuper, ..., 1990.
- "The Genocidal State: An Overview", by Leo Kuper in Pierre L. van den Berghe, ed., State Violence and Ethnicity (Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado), 1990, pp. 44.
- "The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence." by Leo Kuper, Ervin Staub, In Contemporary Sociology, Vol.19 (5), 1990, pp. 683.
- "The Genocidal Mentality: Nazi Holocaust and Nuclear Threat" by Leo Kuper, Robert Jay Lifton, Erik Markusen, In Contemporary Sociology, Vol.20 (2), 1991, pp. 217.
- "Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder since 1917" by Leo Kuper, R. J. Rummel, In Contemporary Sociology, Vol.20 (3), 1991, pp. 433.
- "Reflections on the Prevention of Genocide," by Leo Kuper in Helen Fein (Ed.) Genocide Watch. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992, pp. 135–161.
- "Theoretical Issues relating to Genocide: Uses and Abuses" by Leo Kuper in G.J. Andreopoulos (ed.), Genocide: Conceptual and Historical Dimensions, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1994, p. 31-46.
- Leo Kuper Foundation website ?
- New York Times obituary
- Research biography and collection details
- Collections archived by University of California
- "In Memoriam: Professor Leo Kuper" by Israel W. Charny – Obituary in Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Vol.8, Issue 3, 1994, pp.446–447. doi:10.1093/hgs/8.3.446