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Leo Calvin Rosten (April 11, 1908 – February 19, 1997) was born in Łódź, Russian Empire (now Poland) and died in New York City. He was a teacher and academic, but is best known as a humorist in the fields of scriptwriting, storywriting, journalism and Yiddish lexicography.
Early life 
Rosten was born into a Yiddish-speaking family in what is now Poland, but emigrated to the U.S. with his family in 1911 at age three. His parents were Samuel C. Rosenberg and Ida (Freundlich) Rosenberg, both trade unionists. They opened a knitting shop in the Greater Lawndale area of Chicago, where Rosten and his younger sister grew up among other working-class Jewish families. Like their neighbors, the children spoke both English and Yiddish. Rosten showed an interest in books and language very early, and began writing stories when he was only nine. He put himself through school and earned degrees from both the University of Chicago, where he obtained his doctorate, and the London School of Economics.
During the Great Depression, when he was unable to find other work, he taught English for recent immigrants at night. These experiences eventually became the source of his most popular works, The Education of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N and The Return of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N.
Rosten was a successful screenwriter. He wrote the story for The Dark Corner, a film noir starring Mark Stevens; and Lured, the Douglas Sirk-directed period drama starring Charles Coburn; both films featured Lucille Ball. He is listed as one of the writers for Captain Newman, M.D. adapted from his novel of the same title. Other films:[clarification needed] Mechanized Patrolling (1943) (as Leonard Q. Ross), They Got Me Covered (1943) (story) (as Leonard Q. Ross), All Through the Night (1942) (story) (as Leonard Q. Ross), The Conspirators (1944) (screenplay), The Velvet Touch (1948), Sleep, My Love (1948) (novel) (screenplay), Double Dynamite (1954) (story), Walk East on Beacon (1952), and Mister Cory (1957) (story).
Stories and books 
Rosten is best remembered for his stories about the night-school "prodigy" Hyman Kaplan, written under the pseudonym Leonard Q. Ross. They were published in The New Yorker in the 1930s and collected in two volumes published 1937 and 1959, The Education of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N and The Return of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N. The Education was a "close second" for one U.S. National Book Award in 1938.[a] The second collection was one of eighteen National Book Award for Fiction finalists in 1960.
He is also well known for his encyclopedic The Joys of Yiddish (1968), a guide to Yiddish language and to Jewish culture including anecdotes and Jewish humor. It was followed by O K*A*P*L*A*N! My K*A*P*L*A*N! (1976), a reworking of the two 1930s collections, and Hooray for Yiddish! (1982), a humorous lexicon of the American language as influenced by Jewish culture. Another Rosten work is Leo Rosten's Treasury of Jewish Quotations.
Among his own many quotations are: "A conservative is one who admires radicals centuries after they're dead," "Truth is stranger than fiction; fiction has to make sense," "We see things as we are, not as they are," and "The purpose of life is not to be happy at all. It is to be useful, to be honorable. It is to be compassionate. It is to matter, to have it make some difference that you lived." (He was paraphrasing Ralph Waldo Emerson, who said, "The purpose of life is not to be happy. It is to be useful, to be honorable, to be compassionate, to have it make some difference that you have lived and lived well.")
At a tribute dinner to fellow humorist W. C. Fields, a youngish and reportedly nervous Rosten came up with the unscripted remark about Fields that "any man who hates dogs and babies can't be all bad." This statement is often misattributed to Fields himself.
Personal life 
On March 30, 1935, Rosten married Priscilla Ann "Pam" Mead (1911–1959), a fellow graduate student at the University of Chicago and sister of anthropologist Margaret Mead. They had two daughters: Madeline Rosten and Margaret Ramsey Rosten; and a son, Philip Rosten (1938–1996), who in turn had 6 grandchildren: Josh and Ben Lee (Madeline), Seth Muir (Margaret), and Alexander, Carrie and Pamela Rosten (Phillip). Carrie followed in her grandfather's literary footsteps and has authored three books, including a young adult novel, Chloe Leiberman (Sometimes Wong). Leo's and Pam's marriage ended in divorce in 1959; she took her own life on December 1 the same year. Rosten's second wife, whom he married January 5, 1960, was Gertrude Zimmerman (1915–1995).
Rosten was an inveterate Anglophile. He had enjoyed his years at LSE, was amazed by the enthusiastic reception Kaplan had received in the English press, and returned to London whenever opportunity dictated and even when it didn't. He lived in considerable luxury in a penthouse flat in Sutton Place, one of the most exclusive areas of New York, and rented a mews flat in Mayfair. England represented the tranquillity he could not find in America. He loved to rummage in English bookshops and wear English clothes - he contrived to display a subdued elegance - to go to the London theatres and entertain and be entertained in London clubs. He himself was a member of the Savile, the Reform and the Garrick.
Hyman Kaplan 
- Short stories by Leonard Q. Ross (The New Yorker, 1930s)
- The education of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N by Leonard Q. Ross (Harcourt, Brace, 1937) PZ3.R7386 Ed
- —"close second" for a U.S. National Book Award
- The return of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N (Harper, 1959) OCLC 391898; PZ3.R7386 Re
- O K*A*P*L*A*N! My K*A*P*L*A*N! (Harper & Row, 1976) ISBN 0-060-13676-6; PZ3.R7386 Oad
- —"New, completely rewritten H*y*m*a*n K*a*p*l*a*n, combining The education and The return with a new introduction." (Library of Congress Online Catalog)
- All Through the Night (1941) (story) (as Leonard Q. Ross)
- They Got Me Covered (1943) (story) (as Leonard Q. Ross)
- Mechanized Patrolling (1943) (as Leonard Q. Ross)
- The Conspirators (1944) (screenplay)
- The Dark Corner (1946) (story)
- Lured (1947)
- Sleep, My Love (1948) (novel) (screenplay)
- The Velvet Touch (1948)
- Double Dynamite (1951) (story)
- Walk East on Beacon! (1952)
- Mister Cory (1957) (story)
- Leo Rosten Bedside Book (1962)
- Captain Newman, M.D. (1963) (novel)
- The Joys of Yiddish (1968)
- People I Have Loved, Known or Admired (1970)
- A Most Private Intrigue (1970)
- Rome Wasn't Burned In a Day: The Mischief of Language (1972)
- Home is where to learn how to hate (1973)
- A Trumpet for Reason (1974)
- The Washington Correspondents (Politics and People) (1974)
- Dear (1975)
- The Cook Book (1975)
- Religions of America (1975)
- Hollywood: Movie Colony the Movie Makers (1975)
- Dear Herm (1975)
- The 3:10 to anywhere (1976)
- Look Book (1976)
- Leo Rosten's Treasury of Jewish Quotations (1977)
- The Power of Positive Nonsense
- Passions & Prejudices: Or, Some of My Best Friends Are People (1978)
- Silky. A Detective Story (1979)
- Infinite Riches (1979)
- King Silky (1981)
- Hooray for Yiddish: A Book About English
- Giant Book of Laughter (1985)
- Leo Rosten's Book of Laughter (1986)
- Hebrew-English Lexicon of the Bible (1987)
- The Joys of Yinglish (1988)
- Leo Rosten's Giant Book of Laugh (1989)
- Leo Rosten's Carnival of Wit: From Aristotle to Woody Allen (1996)
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Leo Rosten|
- Probably that award was the Most Original Book of 1937. See Hyman Kaplan for more information.
- "Rosten, Leo, 1908–1997". Library of Congress Authorities. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-04-05. (Linked to Library of Congress Online Catalog listings for Rosten.)
- "Booksellers Give Prize to 'Citadel': Cronin's Work About Doctors Their Favorite--'Mme. Curie' Gets Non-Fiction Award ...", The New York Times, March 2, 1938, p. 14
- "National Book Awards – 1960". NBF. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
- "The Myths by Which We Live", Rotarian, September 1965, p. 55.
- Jane Howard, Margaret Mead: A Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984, p. 359.
- [Obituary], The New York Times, February 20, 1997.
- [Obituary], Chaim Bermant, The Independent, February 21, 1997.