Leoline Jenkins

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1679 portrait of Sir Leoline Jenkins by Herbert Tuer

Sir Leoline Jenkins (1625 – 1 September 1685) was a Welsh academic, jurist and politician. He was a clerical lawyer serving in the Admiralty courts, and diplomat involved in the negotiation of international treaties (e.g. Nimègue).

Biography[edit]

He was originally from Cowbridge in south Wales, son of Leoline (an anglicisation of Llewellyn) Jenkins, a small landowner. He went to school in Cowbridge and then to Jesus College, Oxford. As Principal of Jesus College from 1661 to 1673, he was responsible for much construction work, including the college library. The position was one of several rewards he received from King Charles II of England for his loyalty to the Royalist cause during the English Civil War; he was also created a judge. As Judge of the Admiralty he won Samuel Pepys' warm praise for his ability and integrity.

Jenkins was made a privy counsellor in February 1680. He served as Secretary of State for the Northern Department from 26 April 1680 to 2 February 1681 and Secretary of State for the Southern Department from 2 February 1681 to 14 April 1684. His major achievements include authoring the Statute of Frauds (29 Car. II c. 3) and the Statute of Distributions (22 & 23 Car. II, c. 10), dealing with the inheritance of personal property. Whilst Secretary of State, he was served by the Welsh lawyer (and former student of Jesus College) Owen Wynne, who has been called "an early example of the permanent civil servant."[1]

He is regarded as the second founder of the eminent Cowbridge Grammar School, renowned for its academic standards which he had himself attended. He is buried in the chapel of Jesus College, at which he had previously been a student before becoming Principal, and to which he bequeathed most of his estate.[2]

Although never married, it is now revealed he had an illegitimate child, one of whoms descendants was the well known pilot and author V.M. Yeates (Victor Maslin Yeates) 1897-1934 [needs citation].

Leoline Fellows[edit]

His tombstone in the chapel of Jesus College, Oxford

In his will Jenkins stated: "It is but too obvious that the persons in Holy Orders employed in his Majesty's fleet at sea and foreign plantations are too few." To address this, he established two Fellowships at Jesus College, whose holders should serve as clergy "in any of his Majesty's fleets or in his Majesty's plantations" under the direction of the Lord High Admiral and the Bishop of London respectively. The last such fellow, Frederick de Winton, was appointed in 1876 and held his fellowship until his death in 1932. This category of fellowship was abolished in 1877 by the Oxford and Cambridge Universities Commission, without prejudice to the rights of existing holders such as de Winton.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dodd, Arthur Herbert. "Wynne, Owen (1652–?), civil servant". Welsh Biography Online. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  2. ^ Welsh Biography Online
  3. ^ Hazel, Alfred (3 May 1932). "The Rev. F. H. de Winton". The Times. p. 19. 
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Sunderland
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
1680–1681
Succeeded by
The Earl of Conway
Preceded by
The Earl of Sunderland
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
1681–1684
Succeeded by
The Earl of Sunderland
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Hervey
Sir Henry Wood, Bt
Member of Parliament for Hythe
with John Hervey

1673–1679
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Dering, Bt
Julius Deedes
Preceded by
Heneage Finch
John Eddisbury
Member of Parliament for Oxford University
with Charles Perrot

1679–1681
Succeeded by
Charles Perrot
George Clarke