León Febres Cordero

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Febres-Cordero and the second or maternal family name is Ribadeneyra.
León Febres-Cordero
León Febres Cordero.jpg
President of Ecuador
In office
10 August 1984 – 10 August 1988
Vice President Blasco Peñaherrera
Preceded by Osvaldo Hurtado
Succeeded by Rodrigo Borja
Mayor of Guayaquil
In office
August 10, 1992 – August 10, 2000
Deputy Luis Chiriboga
Preceded by Harry Soria Lamán
Succeeded by Jaime Nebot
Personal details
Born León Esteban Febres Cordero Ribadeneyra
(1931-03-09)9 March 1931
Guayaquil, Guayas Province, Ecuador
Died 15 December 2008(2008-12-15) (aged 77)
Guayaquil
Resting place Parques de la Paz, Guayaquil
Political party Social Christian Party
Spouse(s) María Eugenia Cordovez Pontón (1954-1988)
Cruz María Massuh (1988-2008)
Signature

León Esteban Febres-Cordero Ribadeneyra (9 March 1931 – 15 December 2008), known in the Ecuadorian media as LFC or by his surname (Febres-Cordero), was President of Ecuador for a four-year term from 10 August 1984 to 10 August 1988. During his Presidency he sought to introduce market-oriented reforms, and also led a security crackdown on a guerrilla group, ¡Alfaro Vive, Carajo!.[1][2]

Background and personal life[edit]

Febres-Cordero was born to a well-to-do Guayaquil family on 9 March 1931. His father sent him to study in the United States, where he first attended Charlotte Hall Military Academy in Maryland, then Mercersburg Academy in Pennsylvania for high school, and then graduated as an engineer from the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey.[3] Upon his return to Guayaquil, Febres-Cordero entered business, dealing variously in paper, electrical parts, chemicals and textiles. Eventually he became an executive in the Noboa Group, a large agribusiness.[3]

Febres-Cordero was first married to former First Lady of Ecuador María Eugenia Cordovez, and they had four daughters - María Eugenia, María Fernanda, María Liliana and María Auxiliadora.[3][4] They divorced in 1988 after thirty-four years of marriage.[5] Later he married Cruz Maria Massu, but they had no children.[4] During the time he was President many groups of guerrilla movements came to life, one of them was "Alfaro Vive". A smoker, he died aged 77 in Guayaquil, on 15 December 2008 at 4:30pm, of lung cancer and emphysema.[4]

Career[edit]

Presidency (1984–88)[edit]

The Febres Cordero government promoted a conservative economic policy. While some praised Febres Cordero's economic policies, they became largely unpopular with most Ecuadorians. Several of his ministers were accused of corruption. His Finance Minister, Alberto Dahik, was impeached by Congress.[6]

Febres Cordero, a close ally of US President Ronald Reagan, was sharply criticized for an increase in human rights violations, including torture and extrajudicial killings.[7] Current President Rafael Correa established a truth commission to investigate human rights violations, particularly those that occurred during Febres Cordero's administration.

In 1987 Febres Cordero was kidnapped for 11 hours[8] by members of the air force demanding the freedom of General Frank Vargas Pazzos, who had been imprisoned after leading two uprisings in March 1986, aimed at toppling the Minister of Defense. Congress approved a resolution granting Vargas amnesty, but Febres Cordero refused to publish the resolution, thus denying it the force of law. It was only after his January 1987 kidnapping that he signed the amnesty and released Vargas.[6]

Post-Presidency[edit]

Later he became the mayor of Guayaquil for two terms (1992–2000)[4] and then ran successfully for a seat in Congress. He was a member of the centre-right Social Christian Party.

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, 16 November 2008, Febres Cordero, giant of Ecuador politics, is dead
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b c Riding, Alan (1984) "Man in the News: Entrepreneur for Ecuador: Leon Febres Cordero Rivadeneira" The New York Times 9 May 1984, page A-10, col. 3
  4. ^ a b c d Solano, Gonzalo (2008), Miami Herald, 15 December 2008, from the Associated Press, "Former Ecuadorean President Febres Cordero dies"
  5. ^ "Fallece ex primera dama Eugenia Cordovéz, primera esposa de León Febres Cordero". Ecuador En Vivo. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  6. ^ a b New York Times, 28 January 1987, CRISIS IN ECUADOR: DEMOCRACY IS LOSER
  7. ^ New York Times, 13 March 1988, Report Finds Ecuador Rights Abuses Rose Sharply
  8. ^ El Mundo, 16 December 2008, León Febres Cordero, ex presidente de Ecuador

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Osvaldo Hurtado
President of Ecuador
1984–1988
Succeeded by
Rodrigo Borja