Leon Sapieha

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Leon Sapieha
RodakowskiHenryk.PortretLeonaSapiehy.1878.jpg
Coat of arms Lis
Spouse(s) Jadwiga Klementyna Zamoyska

Issue

Cecylia Celestyna Sapieha
Adam Stanislaw Sapieha
Jadwiga Sapieha
Maria Zofia Sapieha
Wlodzimierz Sapieha
Zofia Sapieha
Leon Sapieha
Teresa Sapieha
Wladyslaw Sapieha
Noble family Sapieha
Father Aleksander Antoni Sapieha
Mother Anna Zamoyska
Born (1803-09-18)September 18, 1803
Warsaw, Poland
Died September 1, 1878(1878-09-01) (aged 74)
Krasiczyn, Poland

Leon Sapieha (1803–1878) was a Polish noble (szlachcic), politician and statesman.

Leon was born and educated in Warsaw, and studied law and economics in Paris and Edinburgh from 1820 to 1824. He began to work in the administration in the Polish (Congress) Kingdom. After the outbreak of the November Uprising in 1830, he left Poland and took part in diplomatic missions of the Polish "National Government" in France and Great Britain. After that, he returned and participated in the Uprising in the rank of an Artillery Captain, among others in the defence of Warsaw on September 6/7. He was awarded for that the Virtuti Militari Order. After the collapse of the Uprising he settled in the Austrian occupied part of Poland. In 1835 Russian authorities confiscated his estates in Congress Poland as punishment for his participation in the failed Uprising.

He was a member of "National movement" circles and held contacts with the "Hotel Lambert". He became a member of the National Sejm (Diet of Galicia) in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia, member of the Austrian Council of the State and member of the imperial Herrenhaus in 1861. In 1863 he didn't participate in the January Uprising in Russian-occupied Poland, but contributed towards it financially. From 1861 until 1875 he served as Sejm Marshal. In 1875 he retired from political life.

During his career he devoted much energy to agitating for the development of railways in Galicia, believing this to be central to the development of the region and the lives of its mostly Polish inhabitants. In 1858 after years of struggling to secure support in Vienna for his plans he was able to initiate the construction of the Carl Ludwig railway line connecting the railhead at Kraków with Lwow and Brody and linking Galicia with the rest of Europe.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Memorial plaque to Leon an his wife in the Cathedral of Lwów.

In 1869 the city of Stanisławów (Ivano-Frankivsk) named its street after him, ulica Sapiezinskego (today - Independence Street), which carried its name until the start of World War II.

Descendant[edit]

Prince Leon Sapieha is :

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sapieha Leon, Wspomnienia z lat 1803–1863, Lwów 1914.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ralf Roth, Günter Dinhobl. 'Across the borders: Financing the world's railways in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.' Ashgate, 2008. p.53