Leonard B. Sand

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Leonard B. Sand
Senior Judge on United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
Incumbent
Assumed office
July 1, 1993
Judge on United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
In office
May 19, 1978 – July 1, 1993
Appointed by Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Charles M. Metzner
Succeeded by Barrington Daniels Parker, Jr.
Personal details
Born 1928 (age 85–86)
New York, NY
Alma mater New York University (B.S.)
Harvard Law School (LL.B.)

Leonard Burke Sand (born 1928 in New York City) is a senior United States federal judge on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Personal and Education[edit]

Judge Sand was born and raised in the Bronx. He received a B.S. from the New York University School of Commerce (now the New York University Stern School of Business) in 1947 and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1951, where he was Note Editor for the Harvard Law Review.[1][2] Sand served as a United States Naval Reserve Ensign from 1951-1953.[3]

Professional[edit]

After law school, Judge Sand served as a law clerk to Judge Irving R. Kaufman, then on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. In 1953, Sand was appointed Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, serving in the Criminal Division, which was followed by two years in private practice with the firm of Rosenman, Goldmark, Colin & Kaye (later renamed Rosenman & Colin, LLP).[4] From 1956 to 1959, he served as an assistant to the United States Solicitor General in Washington, during which he argued 13 cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.[5][6]

Sand then reentered private practice in New York, eventually becoming a named partner of the firm then known as Robinson, Silverman, Pearce, Aronsohn, Sand & Berman (renamed Robinson, Silverman, Pearce, Aronsohn, and Berman after Sand's appointment to the bench). While in private practice, he successfully argued WMCA, Inc. v. Lomenzo, 377 U.S. 633 (1964), before the Supreme Court of the United States, a redistricting case decided in tandem with Reynolds v. Sims.[7][8][9] The Court had set aside a week to hear nothing but reapportionment cases, and Sand was the first litigator to argue that week.[10] He recalled being bombarded with questions from the justices.[11] He was elected as a Delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention in 1967.

Nominated to the court by Jimmy Carter on April 7, 1978, to a seat vacated by Charles M. Metzner, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 17, 1978, and received his commission on May 19, 1978. He assumed senior status on July 1, 1993, but continues to hear every type of case and to carry a near-full caseload.[12] Sand has sat by designation on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Sand also serves as an Adjunct Professor of Law at New York University School of Law, where he teaches, along with Judge John G. Koeltl, a seminar on Constitutional Litigation.[13]

Sand was awarded the Learned Hand Medal for Excellence in Federal Jurisprudence by the Federal Bar Council in 1992[14] and the Edward Weinfeld Award for Distinguished Contributions to the Administration of Justice from the New York County Lawyers’ Association in 1993.[15] He is also the recipient of the American Arbitration Association’s Whitney North Seymour, Sr. Medal and is a fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers.[16] On April 3, 2014, Judge Sand was awarded the New York City Bar Association's Association Medal, which is "presented from time to time to a member of the New York Bar who has made exceptional contributions to the honor and standing of the bar in this community."[17]

Sand's former law clerks include law professor Ann Althouse, Columbia University's General Counsel Jane E. Booth,[18] the Hearst Corporation's Senior Vice President and General Counsel Eve Burton,[19] Massachusetts Appeals Court Associate Justice Gary S. Katzmann,[20] Microsoft's Chief Counsel for Intellectual Property Strategy Tom Rubin,[21] Ernst & Young's Americas Vice Chair and General Counsel Michael S. Solender,[22][23] and former interim United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York Alan Vinegrad.

Publications[edit]

Sand is co-editor, with Judge Jed S. Rakoff and others, of Modern Federal Jury Instructions,[24] and has written extensively on juries[25][26][27][28] as well as on other issues in law.[29][30]

  • Leonard B. Sand, et al., Modern Federal Jury Instructions.
  • Leonard B. Sand & Danielle L. Rose, Proof Beyond All Possible Doubt: Is there a Need for Higher Burden of Proof When the Sentence May Be Death?, 78 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1359 (2003).
  • Leonard B. Sand, et al., Preserving the Rule of Law in Hong Kong after July 1, 1997: A Report of a Mission of Inquiry, 18 U. Pa. J. Int'l Econ. L. 367 (1997).
  • Leonard B. Sand, Batson and Jury Selection Revisited, 22 Litigation 3 (1995-1996).
  • Leonard B. Sand, Getting Through to Jurors, 17 Litigation 3 (1990-1991).
  • Leonard B. Sand, Trial by Non-Jury, 13 Litigation 5 (1986-1987).
  • Leonard B. Sand & Steven Alan Reiss, Report on Seven Experiments Conducted by District Court Judges in the Second Circuit, 60 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 423 (1985).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cuff, Daniel F. (March 24, 1988). "BUSINESS PEOPLE; Federated Case Judge Takes Scholarly View". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ Harvard Law Review 64: 113. 1950–1951 http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/hlr64&div=51&g_sent=1&collection=journals |url= missing title (help). 
  3. ^ "Biographical Directory of Federal Judges - Sand, Leonard B.". 
  4. ^ "The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York: A Retrospective (1990-2000), at 43". 
  5. ^ Kleiman, Dena (August 4, 1988). "MAN IN THE NEWS: LEONARD BURKE SAND; Mild-Mannered U.S. Judge Under Attack". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ "Federal Judicial Center Bio of Leonard Burke Sand". 
  7. ^ "Oyez - WMCA, Inc. v. Lomenzo". 
  8. ^ "Oyez - Case Calendar - 1963-11-13". 
  9. ^ Cuff, Daniel F. (March 24, 1988). "BUSINESS PEOPLE; Federated Case Judge Takes Scholarly View". The New York Times. 
  10. ^ Goldner, Diane (March 8, 1988). "Leonard Sand of the Southern District: 'Exactly What a Judge Should Be'". Manhattan Lawyer. 
  11. ^ Goldner, Diane (March 8, 1988). "Leonard Sand of the Southern District: 'Exactly What a Judge Should Be'". Manhattan Lawyer. 
  12. ^ Hamblett, Mark (13 June 2011). "District Court Reaps Benefits of Hardworking Senior Judges". New York Law Journal. 
  13. ^ "NYU Law Course Descriptions". 
  14. ^ "Federal Bar Council - Learned Hand Award Recipients". 
  15. ^ "The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York: A Retrospective (1990-2000)". 
  16. ^ "American College of Trial Lawyers - Attorney Directory". 
  17. ^ "New York City Bar Association - The Association Medal". 
  18. ^ "Office of the General Counsel, Columbia University". 
  19. ^ "Corporate Management - Eve Burton". 
  20. ^ "Associate Justice Gary S. Katzmann". 
  21. ^ "The Center for Internet and Society - Tom Rubin". 
  22. ^ "Michael S. Solender - Biography". 
  23. ^ "Yale Law School - Michael Solender". 
  24. ^ "Library of Congress Catalog Record". 
  25. ^ Sand, Leonard B.; Steven Alan Reiss. "Report on Seven Experiments Conducted by District Court Judges in the Second Circuit". 60 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 423 (1985). 
  26. ^ Sand, Leonard B. "Batson and Jury Selection Revisited". 22 Litigation 3 (1995-1996). 
  27. ^ Sand, Leonard B. "Trial by Non-Jury". 13 Litigation 5 (1986-1987). 
  28. ^ Sand, Leonard B. "Getting Through to Jurors". 17 Litigation 3 (1990-1991). 
  29. ^ Sand, Leonard B.; Danielle L. Rose. "Proof Beyond All Possible Doubt: Is there a Need for Higher Burden of Proof When the Sentence May Be Death". 78 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1359 (2003). 
  30. ^ Sand, Leonard B.; et al. "Preserving the Rule of Law in Hong Kong after July 1, 1997: A Report of a Mission of Inquiry". 18 U. Pa. J. Int'l Econ. L. 367 (1997). 

External links[edit]